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Age of the Christian Roman Empire III Augustine, East V. West, and the war of Theological Supremacy.

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Presentation on theme: "Age of the Christian Roman Empire III Augustine, East V. West, and the war of Theological Supremacy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Age of the Christian Roman Empire III Augustine, East V. West, and the war of Theological Supremacy

2 Eusebius of Cæsarea c The Father of Church HistoryThe Father of Church History Extreme ModerateExtreme Moderate A Historian but not a theologianA Historian but not a theologian Proposed compromise in Council of NicæaProposed compromise in Council of Nicæa Friend of ConstantineFriend of Constantine Bishop of CæsareaBishop of Cæsarea

3 Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus St. Jerome Scholar, Monk and TheologianScholar, Monk and Theologian An ascetic who punished himself with grammarAn ascetic who punished himself with grammar Promoted/Inspired Scholastic MonasticismPromoted/Inspired Scholastic Monasticism Had a vision declaring him a Ciceronian, resulting in his giving up of the ClassicsHad a vision declaring him a Ciceronian, resulting in his giving up of the Classics Passionate even to an overzealous degreePassionate even to an overzealous degree Led a Monastery in Bethlehem where he translated the Latin Vulgate BibleLed a Monastery in Bethlehem where he translated the Latin Vulgate Bible

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6 Ambrose Through a miracle became bishop of MilanThrough a miracle became bishop of Milan Sold his riches and gave to the poorSold his riches and gave to the poor Emphasized that the Emperor is in the church not over it.Emphasized that the Emperor is in the church not over it. Denied Theodosius communion until he repented for the massacre in ThessalonicaDenied Theodosius communion until he repented for the massacre in Thessalonica Played a large part in the conversion of AugustinePlayed a large part in the conversion of Augustine Died praying, with accompanied signs and miraclesDied praying, with accompanied signs and miracles

7 Aurelius Augustinus St. Augustine Born to a Pagan father and a Christian MotherBorn to a Pagan father and a Christian Mother Became a Manichee for ~10 yearsBecame a Manichee for ~10 years Saved Later in lifeSaved Later in life Preeminent Scholar and TheologianPreeminent Scholar and Theologian Post conversion gave up career as Rhetorician/government officialPost conversion gave up career as Rhetorician/government official

8 St. Augustine An Active ApologistAn Active Apologist Lived simply with monastic tendenciesLived simply with monastic tendencies Appointed as Bishop of HippoAppointed as Bishop of Hippo Wrote many worksWrote many works –Confessions, City of God, Retractions, The Letters, Questions and Responses, Many various Religious-Apologetic-Polemic works Died 430 AD during the Vandal Siege of HippoDied 430 AD during the Vandal Siege of Hippo

9 East v. West The rise of the Papacy

10 Papacy in the East OligarchicOligarchic 5 co-equal bishops5 co-equal bishops –Rome –Constantinople –Jerusalem –Antioch –Alexandria

11 Papacy in the East Greek mindset in theology, open to the newGreek mindset in theology, open to the new Constant shifts in TheologyConstant shifts in Theology Prone to HeresyProne to Heresy Post 622 disrupted by Mohammedean ConquestsPost 622 disrupted by Mohammedean Conquests Greek mindset in theology, open to the newGreek mindset in theology, open to the new Constant shifts in TheologyConstant shifts in Theology Prone to HeresyProne to Heresy Post 622 disrupted by Mohammedean ConquestsPost 622 disrupted by Mohammedean Conquests

12 Papacy in the West AutocraticAutocratic Authoritarian and very very RomanAuthoritarian and very very Roman One Bishop over all, THE Pope, just as one Emperor over all the peopleOne Bishop over all, THE Pope, just as one Emperor over all the people Primacy of Rome as descendant from PeterPrimacy of Rome as descendant from Peter –(though descent from Peter and equality with Paul are all debated issues)

13 Papacy in the West Imperialistic TheologyImperialistic Theology Absolute Monarchy desiredAbsolute Monarchy desired Little to no shifts in TheologyLittle to no shifts in Theology Rigid OrthodoxyRigid Orthodoxy Post barbarian conversion was relatively free from political strifePost barbarian conversion was relatively free from political strife

14 Rise of the Papacy Rome was always honoredRome was always honored Rome kept interferingRome kept interfering ‘Cause they said so‘Cause they said so Gained political influence over the Emperor -> greater influence over the peopleGained political influence over the Emperor -> greater influence over the people ‘Cause they said so‘Cause they said so

15 Pope Leo I Leo The GreatLeo The Great Powerful TheologianPowerful Theologian Firmly believed he was the successor of Peter, and Peter was the ruler of the ChurchFirmly believed he was the successor of Peter, and Peter was the ruler of the Church Peter died in Rome therefore his spiritual power remained with RomePeter died in Rome therefore his spiritual power remained with Rome Emphatically spoke of his authorityEmphatically spoke of his authority

16 Pope Leo I Not with the Pope = not part of the church = not part of Christianity = not savedNot with the Pope = not part of the church = not part of Christianity = not saved All powerful Pope was not immediately or universally acceptedAll powerful Pope was not immediately or universally accepted Obtained an edict from Western emperor Valentinian III, saying papal decrees have the force of Law, and all bishops should obey themObtained an edict from Western emperor Valentinian III, saying papal decrees have the force of Law, and all bishops should obey them Left 96 Sermons and 173 Epistles, the first works left to us by a Roman BishopLeft 96 Sermons and 173 Epistles, the first works left to us by a Roman Bishop

17 Pope Leo I Saved Rome from being destroyed twiceSaved Rome from being destroyed twice 452 AD from Attila the Hun452 AD from Attila the Hun 455 AD Vandal King Genseric pillaged for 14 days455 AD Vandal King Genseric pillaged for 14 days

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