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EARLY ATTEMPTS AT PEACEKEEPING (1920-1925).  Background:  Between Sweden and Finland  Speak Swedish language  1809- Sweden lost Finland and the Aland.

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Presentation on theme: "EARLY ATTEMPTS AT PEACEKEEPING (1920-1925).  Background:  Between Sweden and Finland  Speak Swedish language  1809- Sweden lost Finland and the Aland."— Presentation transcript:


2  Background:  Between Sweden and Finland  Speak Swedish language  Sweden lost Finland and the Aland Islands to imperial Russia  Russian revolution  Finland declared indepedence  Finland considered the Aland Islands part of them  Alanders wanted to once again be a part of Sweden  threat of war  League Action:  Britain referred the matter to the LON  Finland called it an internal matter to keep the case closed to the world  LON created a panel to debate whether an intervention was necessary  A comission was created to take affirmative action  1921-Decision that the islands should stay together with Finland  Terms: guaranteed protection, demilitarization  Sweden agreed

3  Background:  The border between Poland and Lithuania sparked a dispute once they both declared independence after WW1  Polish-Soviet war- Lithuania signed a treaty marking the territorial boundaries  The large city of Vilnius was awarded to Lithuania in the treaty and became their capitol  League Action:  League negotiated a brief armistice  Polish military forces took the city of Vilnius claiming it was under their “protection”  LON ordered a plebescite and for Poland to withdrawal from the city  Poland called for reinforcements instead  LON members started prepping their militaries to fight Poland  1921-Poland agreed to try and make peace with Lithuania  Poland annexed Vilnius and the surrounding area  Allied Conference set the new boundaries leaving Vilnius in Poland  Lithuanians refused the settlement  Fighting continued until 1927  1928 Poland set forth an ulitmatum, which was eventually accepted by Lithuania resetting order and peace

4  Background:  Memel-port city  Predominantly German  Under provisional Allied control due to the Treaty of Versailles  French and Germans wanted to turn the city into an international port city  Lithuanians wanted to annex the area  1923-Lithuanian forces invade and seize the port  Allies referred the conflict to the LON  League Action:  LON created a commission of inquiry to investigate the conflict  The league gave the city to Lithuania  Made Memel autonomous  Klaipeda Convention was approved by LON  The Allied Powers and Lithuania also approved it

5  Background:  An incident occurred on the border of Greece and Bulgaria involving sentries  3 days later, Greek troops invaded Bulgaria  Bulgarian troops put up some resistance  The Bulgarian troops also evacuated thousands of people near the border  They trusted the LON to settle the conflict for them  League Action:  LON condemned the Greek invasion  They ordered the Greek to withdrawal and compensate Bulgaria

6  League Action:  1924-A League of Nations' Commission of Inquiry with Belgian, Hungarian and Swedish members was sent to the region  The comission found that if they HAD TO CHOOSE where to be a part of, they would choose Iraq  The people of Mosul agreed to become part of Iraq only if Britain had control of the mandate for 25 more years  Turkey rejected the League’s decision  The conflict was brought to an international court  A new treaty was accepted by both parties  They agreed that the mandate would last 25 more years but upon admittance to the LON, it would end  Background:  The British were awarded a mandate over Iraq by the League of Nations  The League resolved a dispute between the Kingdom of Iraq and the Republic of Turkey over the control of the former Ottoman province of Mosul  Britain argued that Mosul was part of Iraq  The new Turkish Republic argued that Mosul was a part of its “historic heartland”

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