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Georgia 1733 1733 Buffer for South Carolina Buffer for South Carolina Haven for poor protestants. Haven for poor protestants. Failure of plan Failure of.

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Presentation on theme: "Georgia 1733 1733 Buffer for South Carolina Buffer for South Carolina Haven for poor protestants. Haven for poor protestants. Failure of plan Failure of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Georgia Buffer for South Carolina Buffer for South Carolina Haven for poor protestants. Haven for poor protestants. Failure of plan Failure of plan Georgia’s plantation economy Georgia’s plantation economy Further territorial expansion Further territorial expansion Indian cessions Indian cessions Conflict with spain Conflict with spain

2 Seven Years War (French and Indian War) 1754 (6) Starts in America over competing land claims in Ohio valley Starts in America over competing land claims in Ohio valley strategic importance of region. strategic importance of region. Britain joined with American colonial militia in attacks on French forts Britain joined with American colonial militia in attacks on French forts Led by George Washington Led by George Washington Mainly lost in first years of war Mainly lost in first years of war Onset of European war distracted French Onset of European war distracted French allowed GB to channel all resources to America and India and cut of naval supplies to Fr colonies. allowed GB to channel all resources to America and India and cut of naval supplies to Fr colonies.

3 Fall of Canada pronged attack on Canada, through Niagara, Lake Champlain, and the St Lawrence pronged attack on Canada, through Niagara, Lake Champlain, and the St Lawrence Capture of Louisbourg, and its destruction Capture of Louisbourg, and its destruction 1759 Battle of Plains of Abraham outside Quebec City, between Wolfe and Montcalm Battle of Plains of Abraham outside Quebec City, between Wolfe and Montcalm. Both commanders killed, but British won battle and took Quebec. Both commanders killed, but British won battle and took Quebec. Gen. Amherst took Montreal in 1760, ended French rule in Canada. Gen. Amherst took Montreal in 1760, ended French rule in Canada.

4 Death of General Wolfe

5 Slides and paper

6 Video

7 NO Class Thursday

8 End of the War Spain entered war on French side 1761 Spain entered war on French side 1761 lost territory i.e. Havana and Manila lost territory i.e. Havana and Manila Treaty of Paris 1763 Treaty of Paris 1763 Confirmed British control of Canada. Confirmed British control of Canada. Spain exchanged Florida for Havana and Manila Spain exchanged Florida for Havana and Manila France also lost control of France also lost control of St Vincent, Grenada, Tobago and India to Britain St Vincent, Grenada, Tobago and India to Britain Louisiana to Spain Louisiana to Spain Britain thought Spanish less of a threat Britain thought Spanish less of a threat

9 France kneels before Britannia

10 Before and After 1763

11 Floridas Britain split Florida into 2 colonies Britain split Florida into 2 colonies East Florida East Florida peninsular, capitol St Augustine peninsular, capitol St Augustine West Florida West Florida panhandle as far as Mobile, capitol Pensacola panhandle as far as Mobile, capitol Pensacola Problem of depopulation Problem of depopulation Spanish settlers left for Cuba Spanish settlers left for Cuba French settlers remained French settlers remained numbers small, upset by establishment of Anglican Church numbers small, upset by establishment of Anglican Church Most settlers from South Carolina and Georgia Most settlers from South Carolina and Georgia tried to establish plantation economy tried to establish plantation economy progress minimal by time of Revolution. progress minimal by time of Revolution.

12 Quebec Fr Canada popn of 80,000 Fr Canada popn of 80,000 placed under military rule 1760 placed under military rule 1760 Fr customs and lifestyle respected in order to induce settlers of remain Fr customs and lifestyle respected in order to induce settlers of remain Gen Murray = ruler of Quebec, sympathetic to Fr concerns. Gen Murray = ruler of Quebec, sympathetic to Fr concerns. Quebec Act 1774, est boundaries of colony huge includes Quebec Act 1774, est boundaries of colony huge includes Ontario, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Indiana Ontario, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Indiana New system of govt did not allow elected assembly as Fr catholic majority would not be allowed to vote etc. New system of govt did not allow elected assembly as Fr catholic majority would not be allowed to vote etc. Seen with suspicion by other colonies Seen with suspicion by other colonies possible blueprint for them possible blueprint for them

13 Foundation of Colonies Virginia 1607 Virginia 1607 Massachusetts 1630 Massachusetts 1630 Maryland 1634 Maryland 1634 Connecticut 1636 Connecticut 1636 Rhode Island 1638 Rhode Island 1638 South Carolina 1663 South Carolina 1663 North Carolina 1663 North Carolina 1663 New York 1664 New York 1664 New Jersey 1664 New Jersey 1664 New Hampshire 1679 New Hampshire 1679 Pennsylvania 1681 Pennsylvania 1681 Delaware 1683 Delaware 1683 Nova Scotia 1713 Nova Scotia 1713 Newfoundland 1713 Newfoundland 1713 Georgia 1733 Georgia 1733 East Florida 1763 East Florida 1763 West Florida 1763 West Florida 1763 Quebec 1774 Quebec 1774

14 Possible new colonies Ideas for new colonies during 1760s and 1770s. Ideas for new colonies during 1760s and 1770s. Northern part of West Florida (near Natchez) Northern part of West Florida (near Natchez) Trans-Appalachian ideas (Vandalia, Transylvania) steady trickle of settlers in this region despite Proclamation Line limiting settlement and reserving land for Indians. Trans-Appalachian ideas (Vandalia, Transylvania) steady trickle of settlers in this region despite Proclamation Line limiting settlement and reserving land for Indians.

15 Conclusion Britain at height of power in 1763 Britain at height of power in 1763 Controlled North America and India Controlled North America and India Good relationship with various colonies Good relationship with various colonies Potential for Britain to dominate world Potential for Britain to dominate world but seeds of destruction already sown. but seeds of destruction already sown.


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