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MAY A 1- 300 BCE to 900 CE
2-Descendants of ancient Asian nomads who crossed the Bering Strait 30,000 years ago
3-Settled most of southern Mexico
4-Domesticated native plants such as corn and beans
5-Religion was polytheistic (worshipped more than 1 god) Mayan god of Rain
6-Social Structure led by a ruling class of elites and priests over the peasants and laboring class
7-Built large pyramids which are sill around today 8-Developed advanced mathematical formulas
9-Mayan Empire abruptly ended around 900 CE for unknown reasons
Did you know that the Mayans loved sports?
AZTEC 1-1100 CE to 1525 CE 2-Aztecs are also known as the Mexica
3-Settled in central Mexico and founded the city of Tenochtitlan (now called Mexico City)
4-Social structure included an emperor, noble class, merchant class, labor class, and slaves
5-Cultivated cotton, metals and gems
6-The capitol city Tenochtitlan ruled over small cities called city-states
7-The Aztecs of Tenochtitlan forced the city- states to worship their god
8-The Aztec Empire eventually failed due to uprisings in the city-states and a final defeat by Spain.
INCA 1-400 CE to 1533 CE
2-Came across the Bering Strait 10,000 years ago and settled in Peru
3-Capital city was Cuzco 4-Early Inca were fishermen and farmers
5-Social structure consisted of the Inca (emperor), royalty, wealthy nobles, and the ayllu (which was the rest of the people)
6-Religion was polytheistic (worshipped more than 1 god) Inca Sun god
7-Known for pottery, masonry, and road building
8-Inca Empire eventually failed due to civil war between two Inca brothers and a final defeat by Spain in 1533
Have you seen this movie? It features Incan jewelry, pottery, and masonry, roads, and more!
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