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Student Glossary. Simile A figure of speech in which a comparison is made between two unlike things using the words LIKE or AS – Picturing something in.

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Presentation on theme: "Student Glossary. Simile A figure of speech in which a comparison is made between two unlike things using the words LIKE or AS – Picturing something in."— Presentation transcript:

1 Student Glossary

2 Simile A figure of speech in which a comparison is made between two unlike things using the words LIKE or AS – Picturing something in your mind helps you to understand it better, it shows us the qualities of an object or person by comparing it to something else. She’s as sly as a fox. Samantha is as light on her feet as a ballet dancer. She was sobbing like a baby with an empty bottle. It’s as cold as a meat locker in here.

3 Metaphor A figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between two unlike things. This is similar to a “simile” but the words LIKE and AS are not used. When I was grounded for a week, my room was a prison of despair. My room  prison My dad is a polar bear when it comes to swimming in cold water. Dad  polar bear

4 Foreshadowing The technique of giving clues to coming events in a narrative. – Encourages reader to read on – Partially prepares reader for events to follow Examples?

5 Theme A topic of discussion or writing; a MAJOR idea broad enough to cover the whole literary work. – A theme can be STATED or IMPLIED Examples?

6 Credibility The quality or state of offering reasonable grounds for being believed. – ask: is this source reliable? – Is this source believable? – Is this website “professional”? Examples?

7 Open-ended Questions A type of question intended to produce a free response rather than a one or two word answer. – Requires reader to “think” before they answer – Requires reader to show support – This type of question should be used while researching. Examples?

8 Inference Inference is using facts, observations, and logic or reasoning to come to an assumption or conclusion. It is not stating the obvious – Example: (stating the obvious) that girl is wearing a fancy dress and carrying a bouquet of flowers. (inference) that girl is a flower girl in a wedding. – It is not prediction, though the two are definitely related. inference asks "What conclusions can you draw about what is happening now?" Prediction asks, "What will happen next?"

9 Connotation the attitudes or feelings associated with a word and not the word’s literal meaning. – Feelings may be positive, negative, or neutral when associated with the word. Inactive; to do nothing Laid-back: to have a relaxed attitude Lazy; does not want to work or do anything Neutral Positive Negative

10 Denotation the literal meaning or “dictionary” definition of a word. – D for denotation – D for dictionary definition

11 Examples: Thrifty; tending to save money – “My thrifty aunt made unique picture frames for my graduation present.” Finds ways to save money Cheap; contemptible because of lack of any fine, lofty, or redeeming qualities – “My cheap uncle bought me socks for graduation.” Doesn’t spend money Connotation Detonation

12 Examples: Young; being in the first or an early stage of life, growth, or development – “I was too young to join swim team this year.” wasn’t old enough(age) Immature; lacking complete growth, differentiation, or development – “I was too immature to join swim team this year.” I couldn’t behave myself (attitude) Detonation Connotation

13 Examples: Thin; not well fleshed(lean) – “Runway models use to be thin and lean, now they are scrawny and gross.” Skinny Scrawny; exceptionally thin and slight or meager in body or size – “My brother Matt is scrawny, he is a very picky eater.” Shrinking in size, very small Detonation Connotation

14 Plot Structure complication Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling action Resolution Copy screen word- for-word

15 Exposition This is the introduction of the story – Provides: Background information needed to understand story Characters such as protagonist & antagonist – Who is your protagonist? Antagonist? The setting of the story – WHEN and WHERE does the story take place? Exposition: Elli Friedman and her family live in Somorja. WWII era, Germany is invading surrounding countries. Elli is our main character and protagonist, Germany is our antagonist. Copy screen word- for-word

16 Complication When does the first conflict/problem arise and develop? What other problems start to arise and continue to develop? Ask yourself: what was it that put everything in motion? Complication: Elli Friedman, her family, and other Jewish households are forced to move to Nagymagyar (The Jewish Ghetto) and leave their homes, most of their possessions, and their old lifestyle behind. Copy screen word- for-word

17 Rising Action what occurs leading up to the climax. Ask yourself: what did the author do to set up the most exciting scene? Rising Action: Elli, Mommy, and Bubi are on a train, there are rumors of allied forces and liberation. They have been on the train for days. Copy screen word- for-word

18 Climax the most exciting part considered the high point – the most exciting part – of the story. – This is where all the rising action and conflict building up in the story finally reaches the peak. – It is usually the moment of greatest danger or decision-making for the protagonist. Climax: Elli, Mommy, and Bubi have all been liberated. They are in terrible condition and Elli appears to be 62 years old. They have survived the Holocaust. Copy screen word- for-word

19 Falling Action The falling action deals with events which occur right after the climax. These events are usually the after-effects of the climax. Falling Action: The Friedman family returns to their hometown. Elli returns to school as does Bubi. Mommy makes a living by sewing dresses. Daddy passed away two weeks before Liberation in Bergen-Belsen. Copy screen word- for-word

20 Resolution Here is the end of the falling action and the conclusion to the story. reveals the final outcome of the conflict – Keep in mind, that sometimes stories have endings with a lot of unanswered questions. It is up to your discretion on whether you want to identify a resolution, or argue that a resolution in the story was never fully developed. Resolution: Elli, Mommy, and Bubi travel to America to begin a new life. The memoir ends as soon as they arrive. It was not fully developed. Items in BOLD optional

21 Alliteration The repetition of a sound at the beginning of two or more neighboring words The fluffy feline furrowed her fuzzy brow. Babbling brook

22 Student Glossary Quiz Includes: – Simile – Metaphor – Foreshadowing – Theme – Credibility – Open-ended questions – Inference – Connotation – Denotation – Exposition – Complication – Rising action – Climax – Falling action – Resolution – alliteration Students should be able to define all of the words, show their comprehension through example Quiz will consist of fill in the blank, true/false, and short answers for your examples. – 80 points – 2 points for correct definition – 3 points for providing correct example. Quiz on 10/31/12

23 Symbol An person, place, object, or event that has meaning in itself and also stands for something larger than itself. – A symbol may have more than one meaning. In fact, the most significant symbols do convey an indefinite range of meanings. What symbols do you see in your literature circle novels?


25 Hunger Games the tracker jacker is another mutant animal that the Capitol has engineered to keep the districts in check. They are a symbol of the Capitol's willingness to do anything – and everything – to maintain their power over ever living creature in Panem.

26 House of the Scorpion Scorpions….why?

27 Hunger Games Katniss's mockingjay pin, like the bird itself, symbolizes a creature with a spirit of its own. As hybrid creatures that have broken free of the control of the Capitol, they suggest the inability of the Capitol to enforce their power over all living creatures. These birds are signs of resistance and rebellion.

28 Confessions of Charlotte Doyle The Dirk Round Robin

29 Life As We Knew It Symbols? – The Moon – Any others?

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