3Congress Senate House 100 members 435 members 2 per state 6 year termServe the constituents of their STATESHouse435 membersRepresentatives based on population2 year termServe the constituents of their DISTRICTS
4House of Representatives Must be 25 years of age (when seated, not when elected).Must have been a citizen of the United States for 7 years.Must be an inhabitant of the state from which elected. (NOTE: custom, but not the Constitution, requires that a representative live in the district that he or she represents.)Serve a two year term.
5Senate Must be 30 years of age (when seated, not when elected). Must have been a citizen of the United States for 9 years.Must be an inhabitant of the state from which elected.Serve a six year term; 1/3 up for re-election at a time
6Determining Representatives in the House Census Every 10 years to determine populationReapportionment – Congress divides the 435 House seats between states based on populationRedistricting - state legislature draws the new district linesGerrymandering - drawing district lines based on some characteristic other than just population
10Terms and Sessions Congressional Term for 2 yrs Session- 2 sessions Jan 3rd – Dec., Jan - July 31stWork day: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday.Working time: Noon to 5 – 6 o’clock.Recess = temporary breakSpecial Session= Outside of regular hoursJoint Session= Both House and Senate“State of the Union” Called by president
12House of Representatives CongressSenateUpper HouseHouse of RepresentativesLower HousePresident of SenateVP of USASpeaker of HouseMajority LeaderPresident Pro TemporeSenior Ranking Member Of the Majority PartyHouse MajorityFloor LeaderHouse MinorityLeaderSenate MajorityLeaderSenate MinorityLeaderHouse MajorityWhipHouse MinorityWhipSenate MajorityWhipSenate MinorityWhip100 Senators2 from each State435 RepresentativesElected by Population
13Leadership in the House of Representatives SPEAKER OF THE HOUSESelected by the majority partyJob: Presiding Officer of the HousePower: Decides which committee a bill goes to.John BoehnerR - Ohio
14Leadership in the House of Representatives SPEAKER OF THE HOUSESelected by the majority partyMajority Leader Job: Support legislation for party and get it passedMinority Leader Job: Leads Opposition to control the majority partyEric CantorR - VirginiaNancy PelosiD - California
15Leadership in the House of Representatives SPEAKER OF THE HOUSESelected by the majority partyMajority LeaderMinority LeaderMinority Whip Job: Assists the leader, rounds up votes, heads large group of deputy and assistant whips.Majority Whip Job:Assists the leader, rounds up votes, heads large group of deputy and assistant whips.Steny HoyerD - MarylandKevin McCarthyR - California
16Georgia’s Representation Georgia currently has 14 congressional districts.McEachern’s current congressional district is the 13th represented by:CongressmanDavid Scott
17Georgia DelegationJack Kingston, Sanford Bishop, Lynn Westmoreland, Hank Johnson, John Lewis, Tom PriceRob Woodall, Austin Scott, Doug Collins, Paul Broun, Phil Gingrey, John Barrow, David Scott, Tom Graves
18Leadership in the United States Senate PRESIDENT OF THE SENATEThe Vice President of the United StatesVice PresidentJoseph BidenJob: President of the SenatePower: Breaks tie in legislation. Otherwise does not vote.
19Leadership in the United States Senate PRESIDENT OF THE SENATEThe Vice President of the United StatesPRESIDENT PRO TEMPORESelected by majority party. Usually most senior member of the Senate majority partyJob: Presides over the Senate when the Vice President is absent.Senator Patrick LeahyD – Vermont
20Leadership in the United States Senate Majority Leader Leads the Democratic party Job: Guides legislationMinority Leader Leads the Republican party Job: Leads OppositionHarry ReidD - NevadaMitch McConnellR - Kentucky
21Other House & Senate Positions Clerk of House does administrative duties.Parliamentarian keeps rule on debate.Chaplain prays before debate.Sergeant at Arms keep order.Official Reporters writes every single word in meeting.Post Master sees that everything is distributed.
24Congressional Expectations Loyalty to chamber – don’t talk about themCivility to each other – Polite, courteousSeniority – the most senior members get more choice of assignmentsSpecialization - become an expert in an areaReciprocity (aka logrolling)-support for each others bill. “I’ll help pass your transportation bill now if you help pass my health care bill when it comes to the floor.”
25Congressional Representation Delegate – follows the advice and instruction of constituentsTrustee - assume the people put you in, so now you vote your consciencePolitico - uses whichever will help politically; become a delegate on pork barrel issues and a trustee on all others
26Compensation and Benefits Salaries - $174,000 per yearSenate Leadership Majority Party Leader - $193,400 Minority Party Leader - $193,400House Leadership Speaker of the House - $223,500 Majority Leader - $193,400 Minority Leader - $193,400
27Compensation and Benefits Offices – home state & DCExpense AccountsStationary and Postage (Franking privilege)Pension Plan and Retirement IncomeIncumbency – advantage of already holding office – helps in re-election
29Congressional PowersEnumerated listed in Article I Section 8; most importantImplied necessary and proper/elastic clausedo what necessary to carry out enumeratedallows for today's lawsDenied ex post factobill of attaindersuspend writ of habeas corpusgrant titles of nobility
30Delegated/Enumerated/Expressed Powers are: Specifically Granted in Constitution Legislative Powers1. Provide common defense2. Make citizenship rules3. Run military (armed services)4. Declare War5. Supervise Washington DC6. Raise Money (taxes)7. Regulate Trade8. Spend Money (pay bills, fund programs)9. Coin money (and set value)10. Run Post Office & Roads11. Issue Copyrights & Patents12. Establish Federal Courts13. Set number of justices on Supreme Court
31Non-legislative Powers 1. Advice and Consent(Senate approve treaties & appointments)2. Impeachment Charges (House)3. Convict & Remove Impeached Officials (Senate)4. Admit new states5. Amend the Constitution6. Count Electoral Votes(Senate Counts; House votes if not 270 vote)7. Serve as “watchdog” over government
32Prohibited Powers - Limits on Congress writ of habeas corpus Can’t put you in jail without telling you chargesbills of attainderCan’t pass law that punishes group without trialex post facto lawsCan’t pass a retroactive law charging you for something that was legal when you did itImplied Powers are:Laws needed to help carry out the enumerated powers (Necessary & Proper/Elastic Clause)
33Tidbits about the Capitol Site chosen in 1791; British burned in 1814300 feet to top of statue; Freedom statue on top is 19 feet 6 inchessits on 3.5 acres; 168 acres around it designated to capitoldiameter of rotunda 95'; can stand on one side and hear whisper on other sideoriginal rule was that nothing could be higher than freedom statue; exception was made for Washington monument