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Section 3, cont. Punishment

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1 Section 3, cont. Punishment
Physical (Corporal) Punishment Supported in the Bible Essential to keep the paternalistic character of slavery Kept individual slaves under control Used as an example to other slaves to keep control Caused other slaves to work together and protect one another

2 Louisiana Slave Displays Scars
In this 1863 photograph a former Louisiana slave displays the scars that resulted from repeated whippings. Although this degree of scarring is exceptional, few slaves were able to avoid being whipped at least once in their lives. Source: National Archives and Records Administration

3 The Domestic Slave Trade
The Cotton Kingdom expands to the South and West Upper South sells excess slaves to Lower South 50% of Upper South slaves traded during Antebellum Period Many feared being “sold down river” many slaves in Chesapeake Region escaped

4 A Black Father Being Sold Away from His Family
This woodcut of a black father being sold away from his family appeared in The Child’s Anti-Slavery Book in Family ruptures, like the one shown, were among the more common and tragic aspects of slavery, especially in the upper South, where masters claimed slavery was “mild.” Source: Courtesy of the Library of Congress

5 The Domestic Slave Trade
Traders operated slave prisons or slave pens Baltimore, Richmond (VA), Charleston (SC), New Orleans Washington DC (one of the largest and near the US Capitol) Slaves were chained or roped together and then walked on foot in coffles

6 Slave Pen in Alexandria, VA (1860-1861)

7 Slave Pen in Alexandria, VA (1860-1861)

8 A Slave Coffle Before 1850 Washington, D.C. was a major depot in the domestic (or interstate) slave trade. This woodcut portrays a slave coffle—a group of slaves bound together—passing the Capitol Building in about 1815. Source: Courtesy of the Library of Congress

9 Slave Block Where Auctioned Off, New Orleans (18)

10 The Domestic Slave Trade
This business was opposite of the claim that slavery was a benign institution Description often used by slaveholders

11 Section 3 Essential Questions
Create an essential question from each of the headings we are studying: Punishment The Domestic Slave Trade

12 Section 3 Essential Questions
Why was physical punishment so widely used by slaveholders? What was the domestic slave trade?

13 Section 4 – Skipping!

14 Section 5: The Socialization of Slaves
Surviving Slavery Used folk tales (Brer Rabbit) to teach children how to conduct themselves Learned to watch what they said around whites Learned not to talk back Learned to camouflage their feelings Turned toward religion

15 Religion Helped in coping Mid-19th century most slaves Protestant
Biracial Baptist and Methodist churches Racially segregated seating Shared cemeteries and joined together in communion Plantation churches told slaves “Servants obey your masters” Preferred semi-secret black church Moses and deliverance Emotional

16 Plantation Burial British artist John Antrobus completed this painting in about It is named Plantation Burial and suggests the importance of religion among enslaved African Americans. Source: John Antrobus, Plantation Burial, oil painting, The Historical New Orleans Collection

17 Section 5 Essential Questions
Create an essential question from the headings we are studying: Surviving Slavery and Religion

18 Section 5 Essential Questions
How did African Americans adapt to life under slavery?

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