Presentation on theme: "Section 3, cont. Punishment"— Presentation transcript:
1Section 3, cont. Punishment Physical (Corporal) PunishmentSupported in the BibleEssential to keep the paternalistic character of slaveryKept individual slaves under controlUsed as an example to other slaves to keep controlCaused other slaves to work together and protect one another
2Louisiana Slave Displays Scars In this 1863 photograph a former Louisiana slave displays the scars that resulted from repeated whippings. Although this degree of scarring is exceptional, few slaves were able to avoid being whipped at least once in their lives.Source: National Archives and Records Administration
3The Domestic Slave Trade The Cotton Kingdom expands to the South and WestUpper South sells excess slaves to Lower South50% of Upper South slaves traded during Antebellum PeriodMany feared being “sold down river”many slaves in Chesapeake Region escaped
4A Black Father Being Sold Away from His Family This woodcut of a black father being sold away from his family appeared in The Child’s Anti-Slavery Book in Family ruptures, like the one shown, were among the more common and tragic aspects of slavery, especially in the upper South, where masters claimed slavery was “mild.”Source: Courtesy of the Library of Congress
5The Domestic Slave Trade Traders operated slave prisons or slave pensBaltimore, Richmond (VA), Charleston (SC), New OrleansWashington DC (one of the largest and near the US Capitol)Slaves were chained or roped together and then walked on foot in coffles
8A Slave CoffleBefore 1850 Washington, D.C. was a major depot in the domestic (or interstate) slave trade. This woodcut portrays a slave coffle—a group of slaves bound together—passing the Capitol Building in about 1815.Source: Courtesy of the Library of Congress
9Slave Block Where Auctioned Off, New Orleans (18)
10The Domestic Slave Trade This business was opposite of the claim that slavery was a benign institutionDescription often used by slaveholders
11Section 3 Essential Questions Create an essential question from each of the headings we are studying:PunishmentThe Domestic Slave Trade
12Section 3 Essential Questions Why was physical punishment so widely used by slaveholders?What was the domestic slave trade?
14Section 5: The Socialization of Slaves Surviving SlaveryUsed folk tales (Brer Rabbit) to teach children how to conduct themselvesLearned to watch what they said around whitesLearned not to talk backLearned to camouflage their feelingsTurned toward religion
15Religion Helped in coping Mid-19th century most slaves Protestant Biracial Baptist and Methodist churchesRacially segregated seatingShared cemeteries and joined together in communionPlantation churches told slaves “Servants obey your masters”Preferred semi-secret black churchMoses and deliveranceEmotional
16Plantation BurialBritish artist John Antrobus completed this painting in about It is named Plantation Burial and suggests the importance of religion among enslaved African Americans.Source: John Antrobus, Plantation Burial, oil painting, The Historical New Orleans Collection
17Section 5 Essential Questions Create an essential question from the headings we are studying:Surviving Slavery and Religion
18Section 5 Essential Questions How did African Americans adapt to life under slavery?