Presentation on theme: "Geschichte der USA Tarring and Feathering a Tax Collector The British colonists remained relatively undisturbed by their home country until after the French."— Presentation transcript:
Geschichte der USA Tarring and Feathering a Tax Collector The British colonists remained relatively undisturbed by their home country until after the French and Indian War, when France ceded Canada and the Great Lakes region to Britain. Britain then imposed taxes on the 13 colonies to pay for the war. The colonists widely resented the taxes because they were denied representation in the British Parliament. Tensions between Britain and the colonists increased, and the thirteen colonies eventually rebelled against British rule. undisturbedFrench and Indian WarCanadaGreat Lakes British Parliament
Geschichte der USA General George Washington crossing the Delaware at the Battle of Trenton on Christmas night 1776 by Emmanuel Leutze Treaty of Paris, 1783
Geschichte der USA Lord Cornwallis George Washington The defeat at Yorktown did not destroy Cornwallis’s career, however. In 1786, he was appointed governor-general of India, where he brought important reforms to the civil service and the judiciary. He also instituted a major land reform and led military campaigns against native uprisings. In 1792, he was made a marquess for his service in India. In 1798, Cornwallis became viceroy and commander-in-chief in Ireland. He won some measure of respect from both Roman Catholics and Protestants for his sincerity and dedication. Other contributions included quelling a rebellion in 1798 and thwarting a French invasion. He supported the Act of Union in 1801, which joined the British and Irish in Parliament, but resigned when the king failed to guarantee political rights for Catholics. Cornwallis served as minister plenipotentiary during the negotiation of the Treaty of Amiens (1802), which brought a cessation in the Napoleonic Wars. In 1805, Cornwallis returned as governor-general in India, but died shortly after his arrival.
Geschichte der USA Declaration of Independence, 4th July, 1776 The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.-- John Trumbull men poor white men women blacks Indians
Geschichte der USA The Constitutional Convention 1787 Benjamin FranklinGeorge WashingtonAlexander Hamilton
Geschichte der USA In 1790 the rivalry of Northern and Southern states for the capital’s location ended when Jefferson’s followers supported Hamilton’s program for federal assumption of state debts in return for an agreement to situate the national capital on the banks of the Potomac River. George Washington selected the exact spot. The “Federal City” was designed by Pierre L’Enfant and laid out by Andrew Ellicott. Construction began on the White House in 1792 and on the Capitol the following year. John Adams was the first president to occupy the White House. Congress held its first session in Washington in 1800, and Thomas Jefferson was the first president to be inaugurated in the new capital. In the War of 1812 the British sacked (1814) Washington, burning most of the public buildings, including the Capitol and the White House.L’EnfantWhite House CapitolJefferson War of 1812 The White House The Capitol The Pentagon
Geschichte der USA George Washington, 1732 - 1799 Mount Vernon estate Washington crossing the Delaware