Washington State's Legislative Building, completed in 1928 after six years of construction, serves as both a working governmental center and a symbol of Washington's free and democratic government. It is the centerpiece of the five historic buildings designed by New York architects Walter Wilder and Harry White. Conceived in the architectural competition of 1911 and selected by the State Capitol Commission, Wilder and White's designs for the Legislative Building were completed and set into motion in 1922.
State Capitol Since it opened, the Legislative Building has withstood three major earthquakes, the most recent being the February 28, 2001 "Nisqually" earthquake, thanks in large part to the excellent structural design by Wilder and White, and the superior craftsmanship of the original builders. The building underwent significant seismic upgrades following the earthquakes of 1949 and 1965. A three-year rehabilitation and earthquake-repair project was completed in 2004. The $120 million project added modern heating and cooling, plumbing, fire protection and state-of-the-art wireless technology systems, while maintaining historic features. It also improved accessibility, added new public space, made further seismic and security upgrades, and repaired damage caused by the 2001 earthquake.
State Capitol WEIGHT: TOTAL 188,500,000 lbs or 94,250 tons For some comparisons: Empire State Building (4 times the Leg) 730,000,000 lbs Nimitz-class aircraft carrier 194,000,000 lbs Washington Monument (in D.C.) 181,708,000 lbs Seattle Space Needle (1/10 of the Leg) 19,100,000 lbs WEIGHT OF MATERIALS Approximate tons of stone and granite 12,000 or 8850 Volkswagen Beetles Approximate tons of brick 9,500 or 5538 Orca Whales Approximate tons of concrete 28,800 or 3740 African Elephants HEIGHT From grade to top of lantern 287 feet (87m) It is the fourth tallest masonry dome in the world! It is only surpassed by: St. Peter’s Cathedral, Rome 446 feet (136m) St. Paul’s Cathedral, London 355.5 feet (110m) St. Isaac’s Cathedral, St. Petersburg 333 fee (102m) * For some comparisons: Adult male giraffe (1/14 of the Leg) 20 feet. It would take 136 Olympic-sized swimming pools to fill the Legislative Building completely with water.
State Capitol ORIGINAL BUILDING COSTS Approximate Costs of Principal Finish Materials: Marble $840,000 Plastering $187,000 Ornamental Iron $45,000 Ornamental Bronze $320,000 Stone Carving $180,000 Interior Wood Trim $84,000 Rubber Tile $65,000 Painting $122,000 Elevators $96,000 Plumbing, Heating, and Ventilating $383,000 Total Cost of Building in 1928 $6,791,595.88 Cost of Furnishings in 1928 $594,172.33 TOTAL $7,385,768.21 * For some comparisons: To reconstruct the Legislative Building with the same materials and workmanship today, it would cost over $1 billion. That is 135 times more! LIGHTING Outside Lighting: 150-watt incandescent bulbs on top of the outside lower columns 85 250-watt metal halide bulbs at the bottom of the 8th floor columns 26 1000-watt metal halide and sodium bulbs on the 5th floor roof used to light the dome 16 50-watt sodium bulbs used to light the terrace 48 Inside Lighting: 15-watt to 300-watt incandescent bulbs throughout the building 2550 Florescent light fixtures throughout the building 2616 TOTAL:5341
Here are White House facts about the building and the presidents who lived there: There are 132 rooms, 35 bathrooms, and 6 levels in the Residence. There are also 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 8 staircases, and 3 elevators. With 55,000 square feet of space, it is one of the largest houses in the United States Presidential Firsts while in office... President James Polk (1845-49) was the first President to have his photograph taken... President Theodore Roosevelt (1901- 09) was not only the first President to ride in an automobile, but also the first President to travel outside the country when he visited Panama... President Franklin Roosevelt (1933-45) was the first President to ride in an airplane. With five full-time chefs, the White House kitchen is able to serve dinner to as many as 140 guests and hors d'oeuvres to more than 1,000. The White House requires 570 gallons of paint to cover its outside surface.
The White House history began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December of 1790 declaring that the federal government would reside in a district "not exceeding ten miles square…on the river Potomac." President Washington, together with city planner Pierre L’Enfant, chose the site for the new residence, which is now 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. As preparations began for the new federal city, a competition was held to find a builder of the "President’s House." Construction began when the first cornerstone was laid in October of 1792. Although President Washington oversaw the construction of the house, he never lived in it. It was not until 1800, when the White House was nearly completed, that its first residents, President John Adams and his wife, Abigail, moved in.
The White House The White House has a fascinating history. It survived a fire at the hands of the British in 1814 and another fire in the West Wing in 1929. Throughout much of Harry S. Truman’s presidency, the interior of the house, with the exception of the third floor, was completely renovated while the Truman family lived at Blair House, right across Pennsylvania Avenue. Presidents have expressed their individual style in decorating and receiving the public during their stay. Thomas Jefferson held the first Inaugural open house in 1805. Many of those who attended the swearing-in ceremony at the U.S. Capitol simply followed him home, where he greeted them in the Blue Room. http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/life/video/index.html http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/life/video/index.html After Abraham Lincoln’s presidency, Inaugural crowds became far too large for the White House to accommodate them comfortably. However, not until Grover Cleveland’s first presidency did this unsafe practice change. He held a presidential review of the troops from a flag-draped grandstand built in front of the White House. This procession evolved into the official Inaugural parade we know today.
http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/photoessays/familylife/index.html Family life in the White House: http://www.visitingdc.com/white-house/virtual-tour-white-house.htm Visiting the White House:
White House http://fr.youtube.com/watch?v=UtyWNszrHz0 http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/life/video/index.html http://www.whitehouse.org/tours/mansion-main.asp
Barack Obama: Facts you may not know He collects Spider-Man and Conan the Barbarian comics. His name means ‘one who is blessed’ in Swahili. He is left-handed- the sixth post-war president to be left-handed. He has read every harry Potter book. He worked in a Baskin-Ronbins ice cream shops as a teenager and now he can’t stand ice cream.
Barack Obama: Facts you may not know While on campaign trail, he refufed to watch CNN and had sports channels on instead. He promised Michelle he would quit smoking before running for president – he didn’t! He can bench press an impressive 200lbs (91kg) He applied to appear in a black pin-up calendar while at Harvard University bu was rejected by the all-female committee.
Barack Obama: Facts you may not know He doesn’t drinkcoffee and rarely drinks alcohol. He hates the youth trend for trousers which saq beneath the backside. He repaid his student loan only foru years ago after signing his book deal. He has his hair cut once a week by his Chicago barber, Zariff, for 21$.
Barack Obama: Facts you may not know He was given the name ‘Renegade’ by his Secret Service agents. He plans to install a basketball court in the White House grounds.
I, Barak Hussein Obama, do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. The swearing-in of the President