Presentation on theme: "Mr. Johnson U.S. History American Culture (1801-1850) Created by Mr. Johnson."— Presentation transcript:
Mr. Johnson U.S. History American Culture (1801-1850) Created by Mr. Johnson
Objectives 2.02 – Describe the growth of nationalism and sectionalism as reflected in art, literature and language.
Macro Concepts Conflict Style Micro Concepts Nationalism Sectionalism Transcendentalism The Common Man Factual Content Noah Webster Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Neoclassical Architecture Washington Irving Edgar Allan Poe Nathaniel Hawthorne James Fenimore Cooper Hudson River School of Artists Alexis de Tocqueville Knickerbocker School Themes & Terms
Greenough’s Statue of Washington 1840 Modeled on Zeus Controversial Reaction − Outrage – indecency/lack of clothing − Anti-democratic – depiction as a god − Humor – “He’s reaching for his clothes!”
"Did anybody ever see Washington naked! It is inconceivable…. I imagine [he] was born with his clothes on and his hair powdered, and made a stately bow on his first appearance in the world." -Nathaniel Hawthorne
Houdon’s Statue of Washington Richmond, VA state house Fasces Cincinnatus
James Fenimore Cooper Leatherstocking Tales − Series of novels featuring the hero Natty Bumppo (“Hawkeye”) − Includes The Last of the Mohicans Frontier life: pioneers & Native Americans Inaccurate but sympathetic portrait of Native American life
The Transcendentalists Emerson & Thoreau Man is essentially good Self-reliance & individualism Intuition and spirituality over reason “Oversoul” “Man is not a farmer, or a professor, or an engineer, but he is all”
Ralph Waldo Emerson Poet & essayist Speech: “The American Scholar” (1837) − Urges scholars to create a new, uniquely American culture independent of Europe − “Intellectual Declaration of Independence” “Self-Reliance” – independent thinking Spiritual matters over material matters
Henry David Thoreau Walden, or Life in the Woods (1854) − Transcendentalist classic Civil Disobedience (1849) − “Under a government which imprisons unjustly, the true place for a just man is also a prison” − Slavery and the Mexican-American War
Walden Pond “If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer.”
“The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation, and go to the grave with the song still in them.”
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.