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Developing catalogues for customers (not cataloguers) Gordon Dunsire Presented at Branch/Group Day, CILIP in Scotland 5 th Annual Conference, 13 th June.

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Presentation on theme: "Developing catalogues for customers (not cataloguers) Gordon Dunsire Presented at Branch/Group Day, CILIP in Scotland 5 th Annual Conference, 13 th June."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developing catalogues for customers (not cataloguers) Gordon Dunsire Presented at Branch/Group Day, CILIP in Scotland 5 th Annual Conference, 13 th June 2007, Peebles, Scotland

2 Overview  Recent international developments will lead to significant improvements for the users of catalogue services  This presentation describes two specific initiatives: FRBR and RDA  And discusses some of the benefits they will bring to library customers

3 FRBR  Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records  Eff-are-bee-are  Fur-burr  Verb: fur-burr-eyes (FRBRise): to make a catalogue compliant with FRBR  Developed for IFLA from 1992 to 1997  Common understanding of the aims and purpose of bibliographic metadata  User-centric

4 User tasks  Find an information resource  Matching the user’s search criteria  Identify a resource  Confirming it meets the user’s criteria  Distinguishing similar resources  Select a resource  Meeting the user’s needs  Obtain a resource  Accessing the information in the resource

5 What metadata supports these tasks?  Find  Title, author, subject, etc.  Identify  Title, edition, date, abstract, notes, etc.  Select  Language, format, etc.  Obtain  Electronic location, access conditions, etc.

6 Organising the metadata (1)  Metadata for a single resource fall(s) into 4 logical groups  Item  Metadata about a specific copy of the information resource; e.g. location, access  Manifestation  Metadata about a specific format of the resource; e.g. physical characteristics, edition

7 Organising the metadata (2)  Expression  Metadata about a specific presentation of the resource; e.g. form of content, title, language  Work  Metadata about the intellectual or artistic concept of the resource; e.g. subject, title, audience

8 Metadata relationships Work Expression 1 Manifestation 1.1 Item 1.1.1 Expression 2 Manifestation 2.1Manifestation 2.2 Item 2.1.1Item 2.2.1Item 2.2.2 Is realised through Is embodied in Is exemplified by Symphony no.1 LSO recording DVD-A Copy on shelf

9 Improving the user experience (1)  The hierarchical structure allows the catalogue user to more easily navigate metadata  Especially when there are a lot of expressions, such as translations and audio-books, and manifestations, such as multiple editions, recorded in the catalogue  Because the higher up the tree, the fewer the records to display  Ideally, just one Work to begin with  Then a few Expressions of the Work  Then a few more Manifestations (for each Expression)  Then all the Items (copies)

10 Improving the user experience (2)  Interfaces can give the user the choice to expand or contract the catalogue display to different levels  Just Works  Works and their Expressions  Works, Expressions, and their Manifestations  Everything in the collection, including multiple Items  The display of duplicate information is reduced  Only one title is displayed no matter how many Expressions or Manifestations use it

11 Example: OCLC FictionFinder  OCLC research project  Metadata for fiction resources taken from WorldCat...



14 OCLC FictionFinder ... Results of initial search are Work titles  “Full” record for Work identifies all languages (Expressions) and editions and formats (Manifestations) and copies held in member libraries (Items)



17 From here to there  Existing MARC records can be displayed in FRBRised catalogues  Hierarchical displays can be automatically created from rich metadata  Varying degrees of success, but almost always an improvement  Other metadata formats (e.g. Dublin Core) probably not detailed enough  Further development required  And, as always, Garbage in – Garbage out

18 RDA  Resource Description and Access  A new standard for creating bibliographic metadata  Based on the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules  In development since 1841 (Panizzi’s rules for the British Museum)  And FRBR and other more modern stuff

19 User-centred features of RDA (1)  Improves the FRBRizability of catalogues  Covers all types of user  Those who need to find, identify, select, obtain, use, manage and organize information  Covers all media  Print-based, digital; textual, visual, etc.  Equal, even treatment gives more control to the user in finding and choosing the most appropriate resources

20 User-centred features of RDA (2)  Clearly distinguishes content from carrier  E.g. Moving pictures on DVD; text on CD-ROM  Helpful for users with special needs  E.g. restrict search to non-visual resources  Multinational  Anglo-centricity (and cataloguer-eccentricity) removed  Abbreviations and acronyms avoided  Latinisms removed  Farewell s.n., s.l., et al.  [Still arguing about square brackets!]

21 User-centred features of RDA (3)  Independent of technical metadata formats  Can be used with MARC, DC (Dublin Core)  And a whole bunch of other acronyms  Gives user familiar metadata regardless of what system is used  Designed for the digital environment  RDA will be published as an online product  So could be incorporated in user help facilities

22 Good/Bad news  Library catalogues may (just) become user- friendly  A (true) complement to Google  RDA won’t be published until early 2009  And it will take some time to implement  RDA re-professionalises cataloguing  And is easier to use by para-cataloguers  Many cataloguers like RDA …  … but by no means all  No deaths have been reported, so far

23 Thank you  FRBR   RDA, via CILIP-BL Committee on AACR   More stuff in SLAINTE digital library   OCLC FictionFinder   Me 

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