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AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP West & Central Africa Fourth Agricultural Sciences Week, Niamey, 16-20 June 2014) Agriculture Transformation Through Commodities.

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Presentation on theme: "AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP West & Central Africa Fourth Agricultural Sciences Week, Niamey, 16-20 June 2014) Agriculture Transformation Through Commodities."— Presentation transcript:

1 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP West & Central Africa Fourth Agricultural Sciences Week, Niamey, 16-20 June 2014) Agriculture Transformation Through Commodities Value Chains Development Dougou KEITA, Manager, AfDB 1

2 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP AGRICULTURE : A KEY AFRICA GROWTH ENGINE Shared growth engine About 1/3 GDP ECOWAS: 36% (2000-2009) 1st employer About 70% of africans majority of whom are women in agricultre sector S= budget Investing in Agriculture Agriculture Subsidy External Accounts balance High food import Impact of global food prices Climat & environment Sustainable growth Environnemental protection Green growth Croissance économique du continent AGRICULTURE ECOW AS 5,1% 2

3 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP opportunities Challenges Recurent food crisis due to drought Impacts of climat change; soil degradation; food price volatility; high demography; urbanization; Existence of important regional markets (high demands due to high income, urbanization & high demography); large transboundary river bassins; Important irrigation potential; large yield increase potential; NEPAD / CAADP; ECOWAP Regional markets Natural disaster victims (nber) River Basins Niger ABN Sénégal OMVS Lac Tchad CBLT Bassin du Congo... 3

4 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP  Key sector constraints include: n Lack of access to production and productivity enhancing technologies n Limited capacity of sector institutions n Poor production, processing and marketing infrastructure n Poor incentive system 4

5 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Increasing agricultural growth and productivity will require a wide range of actions to address the challenges set out above. Priorities can be summarised in terms of “the four Is”: 5

6 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP  Adequate Incentive system;  Adequate production, processing and marketing Infrastructure;  supporting Innovations; and  Strengthening institutional capacity 6

7 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP How to efficiently support agriculture sector development for  Wealth and employment creation  Food and nutrition security ? 7

8 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Lessons Past interventions in agriculture addressed on-farm production constraints, without due consideration to value addition, marketing and other backward and forward linkages. Such projects had limited success and were not effective in:  achieving their expected results  ensuring sustainability  Impacting gender  protecting the environment 8

9 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Commodities Value Chain Development  gives equal attention to: production and productivity value addition through processing marketing.  is demand-driven, public sector enabled, and private sector led.  links small/medium scale producers with private operators. 9

10 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP  promotes contractual relationship between private operators and farmers’ groups, private operator providing services, such as: credit for inputs training in good agricultural practices transportation guaranteed market for smallholders’ produces 10

11 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP  targets two major groups of beneficiaries: economically active smallholders willing to participate in commercial agriculture; existing or potential small-scale entrepreneurs and business associations who provide services to rural households. 11

12 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Commodity Business Plan (CBP) constitutes the basis for investment decisions. market potential financial viability women preferences  focuses on limited number of commodities, selected based on: 12

13 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP 13  Commodities for Ghana NRGP included: Industrial crops( soybean; cowpeas, groundnuts; brewery sorghum); Women commodities (sheanut, sesame, moringa, rice); Four animal products (small ruminants, pigs, guinea fowl, and fish); Export fruits and vegetables (okra, chilly, French beans, other vegetables, papaya, mango); Certified seed production.

14 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Incentives for Private Sector Engagement  0% duty on imports of agricultural machinery and equipment  Removal of restrictions on areas of investment and maximum equity ownership by foreign investors  No currency exchange controls – free transfer of capital, profits and dividends 14

15 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP  Constitutional guarantees against nationalization / expropriation  Pioneer tax holiday for agricultural investments  Infrastructure, Innovations and Institutional capacity support  Alignment of stakeholders’ interests Land tenure Competitiveness risks ( unfair trade practices - raising tariffs to mitigate) 15

16 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Uganda – AAMP & CAIIP: Some Results  Increase yields by more than 50% from 2002 to 08  Increase households’ income by 15% (2002 to 08)  24% of subsistence farmers moved to commercial farming from 2002 to 2008  Number of traders accessing markets increased by 72% on busy market days and 35% on non-busy market days 16

17 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP  Increased of commodities farm gate prices Irish potatoes: from UGX 12,000 to 25,000 per bag Pineapple: UGX 300 to 800 / fruit Milk: UGX 100 to 300 / l Bananas: UGX 500 to 3000 (bunch)  Post-harvest losses reduced by over 20% 17

18 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Conclusion  Interventions using the commodities value chain approach have a greater chance to transform agriculture.  They are more likely to:  build the capacity of the agriculture sector institutions  provide incentives for the sector growth and performance 18

19 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP  promote the use of innovations (science & technology)  develop production, processing, and marketing infrastructure 19

20 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Messages  Agriculture specialists would do well to promoting this approach. It is an efficient strategy to: create shared wealth and employment contribute to food and nutrition security,green & inclusive economic growth, on a sustainable basis 20


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