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2 Palm Oil Mill = mill that processes raw materials into CPO and PK with minimum losses, optimum efficiency, standard appropriate quality, appropriate.

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Presentation on theme: "2 Palm Oil Mill = mill that processes raw materials into CPO and PK with minimum losses, optimum efficiency, standard appropriate quality, appropriate."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 Palm Oil Mill = mill that processes raw materials into CPO and PK with minimum losses, optimum efficiency, standard appropriate quality, appropriate capacity, minimum cost with reference to the principles of occupational health and safety and the environment ( SOP ).

3 3 a. Produce oil and palm kernel as much as possible b. Produce the highest quality products c. Generates production losses as low as possible d. Using lowest operating costs

4  Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB)  Fruitlate  Empty Bunch  Crude palm oil (CPO)  Kernel Oil (Kernel)  Waste / sludge 4

5 BUNCH RECEPCION LOADING RAMP STERILIZER THRESSER KERNEL CRUSHING PLANT CLARIFIERPRESSERDIGESTER

6 POWER PLANT WATER TREATMENT LABORATORY STORAGESandtrap tank

7 7 T h e p r o c e s s i n g p a l m o i l m i l l

8 THE FLOWCHART IN PROCESSING OF PALM OIL

9 Is the station for weighing, acceptance and shelter while TBS is sent from the garden so it is ready to be processed further. Consists of : * Weighbridge * Loading ramp 9

10 10 Foto : Jembatan Timbang (Weighbridge) Foto : Loading Ramp Foto : Lori/cage

11  Acceptance of Real TBS with minimal wait time  Weighing accurate TBS  Charging TBS to lorries with minimal loss fruitlate  ACCEPTANCE OF FLOW TBS

12 12 PARKING AREA WEIGHBRIDGE Loading Ramp LORI BRUTO FFB TRUCK IN St. STERILIZER TARRA ffb TRUCK OUT

13  FFB boiling process using heat from the high-pressure steam, conduction and convection.  Convection : steam infusion process to eliminate the air in the room sterilizer to fruitlet.  Conduction : process steam to remove the air intake on the sidelines ( fruitlet ) to kernel.

14  The purpose of sterilization are : Deactivate the enzyme Facilitate the release of the bunch featherless Lowering water levels Solving emulsion Removing fiber and seed Assist in the release of the core of the shell

15 FFB separation process that has been boiled into a slender fruitlate and empty bunch with rotated and slammed system

16 STATION THRESHER Main operational Threshing Station 1. Feed to the Threshing Drum 2. Fruitlet separation of FFb 3. Material handling has been separated 16 STATION THRESHER

17 Which must be considered in operational Thresher :  Avoid Feeding Over Oil Losses in EB, Motor Over Load, pulp damage due to the recycle of the Conveyor Fruit.   The height of kickback ( for a good stew = 1.2 meters )   Number of kickback for every ffb = 6 times   feed capacity is reached ( not overfeeding ) 

18 PURPOSE  Conditioning Fruitlate in Digester  Extraction of Crude Oil in the press machine  leads to the Press Cake and Nut Cake Braker Conveyor  Keeping achievement capacity / hour

19 1. Releasing oil from the pericarp cells ( bacon pieces) 2. Separating pericarp and Nut 3.homogen 4. Maintaining a temperature of 90oC - 95 ° C

20  Function for extracting crude oil from the flesh of the fruit that has been wracked with loss minimal and Nut cracked Minimum.

21 Station which is the process of achieving the maximum efficiency of the recovery kernel with optimal quality production and minimal losses.

22 The main stages of the operation :  Phase Nut Conditioning   Solving Nut Stage   The separation between Kernel and Shell   Drying of Kernel 

23 Shell to Bin Press cake ex Press Nut Hopper Ripple Mill Kernel Kernel Drier Depericarper Fibre to Boiler Clay Bath Wet Separation Boiler LTDS

24  cracked/ kernel releases from around the nut, so it will increase the effectiveness of the split nut kernels and avoid losses due to broken kernels, broken nut and nut intact.  carried in : o Stew o Digester o Drying and Cooling Process on Nut Silo Purpose : split nut with maximum efficiency by minimizing broken kernels, broken nut and nut intact

25 Purification process of crude oil produced from the Press which still contains some moisture, sludge and mud.

26  Operational functions : Obtaining maximum oil content oil Achieving minimum losses Achieving maximum production quality

27  separation of pure oil from crude oil =CST  Making oil from sludge = sludge centrifuge / separator  Reduced levels of impurities =oil purifier  Reduced water content of oil = vacuum drier

28 28 Crude Oil ex Press Sand trap tank Vibrating Screen Crude Oil Tank Vertical Clarifier Tank OilSludge Oil Tank Purifier Vibrating Screen Sludge Tank Sludge Centrifuge Tailing to St.Press Vacuum Drier CPO Storage Tank Light Phase Kolam Limbah Heavy Phase To Estate

29 The processing of FFB into the Palm Oil consists of : a.Main station  Fruit reception  Stew ( Sterilizer )  Threshing  Enumeration ( digester ) and compression ( Presser )  Purification ( Clarifier )  Separation of shell and kernels b.Station support  Generating power ( Power )  Laboratory  Water Treatment  Storage  Workshop

30 In the palm oil mill existing station is very important, if there is one station that serves the plant can not be run due to the processing of palm oil mill steps sustainable and rely on other major stations.

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