2 PALM OIL MILL• Palm Oil Mill = mill that processes raw materials into CPO and PK with minimum losses , optimum efficiency , standard appropriate quality , appropriate capacity , minimum cost with reference to the principles of occupational health and safety and the environment ( SOP ) .
3 Function Produce oil and palm kernel as much as possible Produce the highest quality productsGenerates production losses as low as possibleUsing lowest operating costs
11 PURPOSE RECEPTION STATION Acceptance of Real TBS with minimal wait timeWeighing accurate TBSCharging TBS to lorries with minimal loss fruitlateACCEPTANCE OF FLOW TBS
12 FFB RECEPTION PROCESS FFB TRUCK IN ffb TRUCK OUT PARKING AREA WEIGHBRIDGETARRABRUTOLoading RampLORISt. STERILIZER
13 2. STERILIZER STATIONFFB boiling process using heat from the high-pressure steam , conduction and convection .Convection : steam infusion process to eliminate the air in the room sterilizer to fruitlet .Conduction : process steam to remove the air intake on the sidelines ( fruitlet ) to kernel .
14 PURPOSE The purpose of sterilization are : Deactivate the enzyme Facilitate the release of the bunch featherlessLowering water levelsSolving emulsionRemoving fiber and seedAssist in the release of the core of the shell
15 3. THRESING STATIONFFB separation process that has been boiled into a slender fruitlate and empty bunch with rotated and slammed system
16 STATION THRESHERSTATION THRESHER Main operational Threshing Station 1 . Feed to the Threshing Drum 2 . Fruitlet separation of FFb 3 . Material handling has been separated
17 Which must be considered in operational Thresher : Avoid Feeding Over Oil Losses in EB , Motor Over Load , pulp damage due to the recycle of the Conveyor Fruit .The height of kickback ( for a good stew = 1.2 meters )Number of kickback for every ffb = 6 timesfeed capacity is reached ( not overfeeding )
18 4. DIGESTER & PRESSING STATION PURPOSEConditioning Fruitlate in DigesterExtraction of Crude Oil in the press machineleads to the Press Cake and Nut Cake Braker ConveyorKeeping achievement capacity / hour
19 DIGESTER1 . Releasing oil from the pericarp cells ( bacon pieces) 2 . Separating pericarp and Nut 3 .homogen 4 . Maintaining a temperature of 90oC - 95 ° C
20 UNIT PRESSFunction for extracting crude oil from the flesh of the fruit that has been wracked with loss minimal and Nut cracked Minimum .
21 5. NUT & KERNEL STATIONStation which is the process of achieving the maximum efficiency of the recovery kernel with optimal quality production and minimal losses .
22 MAJOR OPERATION NUT and KERNEL STATION The main stages of the operation :Phase Nut ConditioningSolving Nut StageThe separation between Kernel and ShellDrying of Kernel
23 PROCESS flowchart LTDS Press cake ex Press Fibre to Boiler Shell to BinPress cake ex PressNut HopperRipple MillKernelKernel DrierDepericarperFibre to BoilerClay BathWet SeparationBoilerLTDS
24 CONDITIONING NUTcracked/ kernel releases from around the nut , so it will increase the effectiveness of the split nut kernels and avoid losses due to broken kernels , broken nut and nut intact .carried in : o Stew o Digester o Drying and Cooling Process on Nut Silo Purpose : split nut with maximum efficiency by minimizing broken kernels , broken nut and nut intact
25 6. CLARIFICATION STATION Purification process of crude oil produced from the Press which still contains some moisture , sludge and mud .
26 Operational function: Operational functions : Obtaining maximum oil content oil Achieving minimum losses Achieving maximum production quality
27 FUNCTION separation of pure oil from crude oil =CST Making oil from sludge = sludge centrifuge / separatorReduced levels of impurities =oil purifierReduced water content of oil = vacuum drier
29 CONCLUSIONS The processing of FFB into the Palm Oil consists of : a. Main stationFruit receptionStew ( Sterilizer )ThreshingEnumeration ( digester ) and compression ( Presser )Purification ( Clarifier )Separation of shell and kernelsb. Station supportGenerating power ( Power )LaboratoryWater TreatmentStorageWorkshop
30 ANALYSISIn the palm oil mill existing station is very important , if there is one station that serves the plant can not be run due to the processing of palm oil mill steps sustainable and rely on other major stations.
32 QUESTION SECTIONMayang : no cage in new mills, is there a difference or not?Danil: correction of pic ?turesChrisna: : Produce the highest quality productsHow ?Soleman: How long operation from start to finish1