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Kinya Sakanishi Biomass Technology Research Center(BTRC), AIST, Hiroshima 737-0197, Japan Biomass-Asia Project-Second Stage: Research and Technological.

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Presentation on theme: "Kinya Sakanishi Biomass Technology Research Center(BTRC), AIST, Hiroshima 737-0197, Japan Biomass-Asia Project-Second Stage: Research and Technological."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kinya Sakanishi Biomass Technology Research Center(BTRC), AIST, Hiroshima , Japan Biomass-Asia Project-Second Stage: Research and Technological Development for Sustainable Biomass Utilization in Asian Countries Kinya Sakanishi Biomass Technology Research Center(BTRC), AIST, Hiroshima , Japan “ Green Biomass for Blue Earth” 4 th Biomass Asia Workshop in Malaysia, on Nov.20-22, 2007

2 Challenges in the 21st century keyword: Biomass Trilemma ! 1)Energy 2)Environment 3)Food Collaborations (Agriculture & Engineering etc.) in the Asian Countries

3 Potential of Biomass Energy in the World Asia Europe South America Africa Oceania PlantationAnimal wasteAgricultural wasteForest Asian region has abundant biomass resources. (87EJ corresponds to 2.3 billion kl-petroleum) Unit: EJ ※ 1EJ=2.6×10 7 kl-petroleum Ref. “Study on energy conversion technology for Biomass” (RITE 、 1998 ~ 2000) North America

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5 Potential Collaboration Projects Biomass LCA Energy Crops (cassava, sugar cane, oil palm) Sewage Sludge Forestry Products Agricultural Waste (rice husk, baggasse) Biomass Target Technology Products DME or hydrocarbon Bioethanol BDF Bioplastics Food Waste Methane Fermentation Non-acid Pretreatment BTL Methane Fermentation Hydrogen Plant Growth Regulation Technical and Post Doctoral Training (JICA program etc.) Hydrothermal Pretreatment BDF (glycerin) Standardization

6 Reduction of petroleum consumption Reduction of CO 2 emission. Ethanol derived from biomass is one of the most promising options to reduce fossil fuel use and alleviate the global warming. BioEthanol from Lignocellulosic Biomass

7 Fuel technologies for urban environment Fuel technologies for mini- minimizing fuel consumption Petroleum S-free gasoline S-free diesel S-free ・ low-aroma ・ low- olefins and high octane gasoline S-free ・ low-aroma diesel Natural Gas Biomass Coal Heavy Oils Syngas CO/H 2 FT Synthesis, GTL / BTL DME Methanol H 2 for Fuel Cell H2H2 *PM,NOx reduction *Advanced end-of-pipe technologies *CO 2 reduction *New engine system/new fuel Future Needs for Alternative Transportation Fuel S-free, Aroma-free Energy security Designed fuel etc.

8 Two Opposite Directions of Biomass Utilization As small as possible As large as possible Local Energy Supply Industrial Utilization High efficiency and convenience High economical viability Stable law material supply, High demand in product Bio-fuel Cell !

9 JAPAN IP and technology ASIA resources, technology and cost efficiency win/win collaboration in R&D Manufacturing bases in Asia Biomass industry Create new industries and new markets 1.Produce new energies (transportation fuels: Bioethanol, BDF etc. 1.Reduce CO 2 by using biomass 2.Produce biomaterials Biomass-Asia Strategy- for Sustainable Growth

10 Past and Present Status of Asia Biomass Strategy 1st Biomass Asia Workshop WS (ASEAN Biomass) Forum (MAFF support) Biomass Asia Forum 2nd Biomass Asia Workshop 3rd Biomass Asia Workshop Asian Biomass Association Prep. Committee Proposal th Biomass Asia WS & Organizing Asian Biomass Association

11 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Science (JIRCAS) National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI) University of Tokyo Hiroshima University National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Science (JIRCAS) National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI) University of Tokyo Hiroshima University National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) Asian Biomass Research Consortium Research consortium in Asia Collaboration programs with Asian countries Partnership with Industry and Academia

12 Asia Biomass Energy Research Core( )& Biomass Asia Project Team ( BAPT; ) of AIST BAPT (Biomass-related Research Units) Research Institute for Environmental Management Technology Research Center for Compact Chemical Process Research Center for Life Cycle Assessment Institute for Biological Resources and Functions Research Institute for Innovation in Sustainable Chemistry Energy Technology Research Institute Biomass Technology Research Center Research Center for New Fuel Vehicle Technology Asia Biomass Energy Research Core International Affairs Dept.&Headquarters etc. Research Institute for Genome-based Biofactory

13 JST, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology,(MEXT) Biomass-Asia Project-2 nd Stage: Research and Technological Development for Sustainable Biomass Utilization in Asian Countries Members; National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI) The University of Tokyo Hiroshima University Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia (SIRIM) Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology ( VAST) The Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT)

14 Progress and Proposal JST Program(supported by MEXT) FY (2 nd stage) Research and Technological Development for Sustainable Biomass Utilization in Asian Countries FY Research Project for ASEAN Biomass R&D Strategy

15 Political and Social Needs Political Need; ・ Biomass Nippon Strategy ( 2002 & 2005 renewed ) ・ EPA : Japan-Malaysia(2006), Japan-Thailand(2007) ・ Japan-China-Korea Science&Technology Collaboration Ministry Meeting(2007) ・ East Asia(ASEAN+E3) Summit : Cebu Island Declaration(2007) Social Need and Impact; ・ Mitigation of Global Warming ・ Substitution of Fossil Fuels ・ Activation of Agriculture ・ Suppression of Desertification ・ Demonstration of Sustainable Development Scenario

16 Purpose of the Present Proposal Best Practice Scenario and System for Sustainable Biomass Utilization Models in Asian Countries Total Promotion of Biomass Asia Strategy Extensive Win-Win Collaboration in Asia International R&D Joint Projects on Biomass, Especially agriculture and engineering fields ASEAN Japan Technology, IP, Human resources Resources, Economical development, Technology transfer Energy, Materials, CO 2 reduction : CDM ⇒ Sustainable Development Win-Win relationship China

17 Proposal Content (draft) Resources Technology 1. Hybrid Agricultural Refinery Model (ex. China) Corn, Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane, Cassava etc. 2. ASEAN Continental Model; Rice & Sugar Energy Complex Model (ex. Thailand, Viet Nam etc.) 3. ASEAN Islands Model; Palm Oil Energy Complex ( Malaysia, Indonesia etc.) Proposal of Efficient Recovery and Utilization Model of Agricultural Wastes 1. Sustainable Biomass-Refinery (1) Bio-Fuels 1-1. Bio-ethanol 1-2. Bio-diesel fuel(BDF) (2) Bio-chemicals 2. Evaluation & Design of Biomass Utilization System (1) Life cycle assessment(LCA) (2) Demonstration plant projects (3) Design of optimized local models 3. Research and Development for Sustainable Biomass Production

18 Role Sharing among Biomass-Asia Research Consotium AIST JIRCAS FFPRI NARO UT Hiroshima Univ. CAS NSTDA SIRIM VAST BPPT 1. Sustainable Biomass-Refinery (1) Biofuels; 1-1. Bio-ethanol 1-2. BDF (2) Bio-chemicals Evaluation & Design of Biomass Utilization System (1) Life cycle assessment(LCA) (2) Demonstration plant projects (3) Design of optimized local models 3. Research and Development for Sustainable Biomass Production

19 Sustainable Biomass Utilization Scenario in Asia 1) Palm Oil and Energy Complex ; - Combined production of BDF and other bio-fuels for sustainable availability and environmental protection 2) Sugar and Rice Energy Complex; - Large-scale bio-ethanol production from agricultural wastes for simultaneous supply of food and bio-fuels 3) Wood Refinery Complex; - Total multi-production system of timber, paper pulp, ethanol, and chemicals for new business model

20 Proposal on R&D Topics ~Palm Oil Complex~ Proposal on R&D Topics ~Palm Oil Complex~ Utilization of EFB, trunk & residue;  Gasification and C 1 chemistry (bio-refinery)  Bio-ethanol (sugar platform) BDF related technologies and glycerol utilization;  Exportable to Japan (improving fluidity) and standard  Direct hydro-cracking  Polymer materials from glycerol  Hydrogen and Ethanol Production from glycerol Utilization of POME: No R&D topic. Commercial level.; Others;  High yield palm species (Genetic engineering)  Machine for palm plantation (robot)  Sustainability analysis (LCA, monitoring)

21 Ethanol Production from Palm Wastes Trunk waste Empty Fruit Bunch Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bunch Fruit Fiber, Shell Saccharification Fermentation Purification Pretreatment Lignocellulosic Biomass ETHANOL Crude Palm Oil Palm Kernel

22 Oil Palm Palm Oil trunk EFB shell Palm oil industry Crude glycerol ・ lignocellulosic materials ・ Ethanol production lignin etc. Bio-waste BDF New Materials from Oil Palm Biomass Development of polymer materials Standardization for Biodegradable plastics in AIST  ISO (Aerobic biodegradation test) participated International Round-robin test (RRT)  ISO/AWI (Preparation method of test materials for biodegradation tests) proposed by AIST  ISO (Anaerobic biodegradation tests) participated RRT  ASTM D6866 (Measuring method of biomass carbon ratio) on research work in order to propose as ISO in future

23 Fruitful Collaborations Using Biomass CO 2 Reduction CDM Investment Technology Transfer Bio-Fuels Bio-Chemicals Local Energy Supply Carbon Credit Forest Restoration

24 Biomass Networking for Sustainable Partnership&Collaborations in Asia 1) Organizing Working Group of Biomass Asia Network - Asian Biomass Association for Next Step 2) Future Workshop Arrangement/Management; - Host Country Initiative and Secretariat Function 3) Establishment of Personnel Exchanging Programs ; - Promotion of Multi-disciplinary Technical and Post- doctoral Training and Education 4) Establishment of On-site Biomass Research Center; - Biomass Resources Bank and R&D Core in Asia

25 Thank you for your kind attention! “Green Biomass for Cool Earth”


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