Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Something Fishy this Way Comes: The How and Why of Garum Lori Kissell.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Something Fishy this Way Comes: The How and Why of Garum Lori Kissell."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Something Fishy this Way Comes: The How and Why of Garum Lori Kissell

3 Garum What is it? How is it made? Where/how is it traded? How is it used? Modern equivalents/descendants?

4 Garum – what is it? OLD: garum, -i (n) a highly esteemed fish sauce, prepared originally from the garos (unknown fish) but later chiefly from the scomber or mackerel

5 Garum – what is it? OLD: liquamen, -inis (n) [liquo + -men] a liquid fluid; (Spec., prob.) fish-sauce (garum) OLD: muria, -ae (f) also muries, -ei [dub] – brine used for pickling

6 Garum – what is it? OLD: muriaticus, -a, -um – soaked in brine, pickled, (Neut. Pl as sb) pickled fish

7 Garum – what is it? Cited by everyone! Varro Horace Celsius Seneca Petronius Pliny the Elder Sextus Pompeius Festus Martial Ulpius Columella Cato Persius Quintilian Fabius Pictor CIL &

8 Garum – how is it made? Traditional: fish + sunshine + time = garum Whole fish or offal only Fatty fish (oily) preferred Outdoors, then store in cool, dry place

9

10

11

12

13

14 Garum – how is it made? Non-traditional: boil it first To strain or not strain? Store in fridge

15 Garum – how is it made? 8Mhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mPX8dpKG4 8M in which a German foodie tries his hand at garum garum.umwblogs.org garum.umwblogs.org is a student project conducted over three months which documents with reports and pictures the beginnings of the liquefaction process

16 Garum – how is it made? Recipes vary – all include fish and salt, but additional flavorings vary widely Herbs, vinegar, honey, fish used all change the flavor Favorite fish? Mackerel, sardines, anchovies, tunny, tuna or various combinations Herbs? Parsley, garlic, pepper or local variations

17 Garum – how is it made? Leave in sun one to three months, strain, store Edible, but pungent, in one year Five years – not so bad Ten years – really nice!

18 Garum –where/ how is it traded? Must have: Source of Fish Mediterranean not rich in fish Must have: Good water supply Famous locations – Pompeii, Carthage, Lusitania, Baetican Spain, Clazomenae, Leptis Magna, Atlantic coasts of Morocco and Brittany, Black Sea region

19

20

21

22 Garum – where/how is it traded? Transported in amphorae Distinctive styles can source the garum Barrels used, but little evidence remains

23 Dressel 1to 6: wine amphoras Dressel 1: Roman wine amphora, 129 B.C. to 13 A.D. Dressel 2: Roman wine amphora, 16 B.C. to 29 A.D. Dressel 3: Roman wine amphora, 28 to 146 A.D. Dressel 4: Roman wine amphora, 4 B.C. to 24 A.D. Dressel 5: Roman wine amphora, 12 B.C.. - holotype Dressel 6: Roman wine amphora, 36 A.D.- holotype Dressel 7,8,9,10,11: betic amphoras for salted fish (Hispanic) Dressel 8: 1st front century J.C. Dressel 12: betic amphora for salted fish (Andalusia) Dressel 13,14,15: betic amphoras for salted fish Dressel 20: oil amphora, betic, 2nd-3rd century A.D. Dressel 26,27: 3rd century A.D. and later

24

25 Garum – where/how is it traded? Used locally, and traded throughout empire Specialized in garum trade, or shipped with other goods (wine, oil, grain)

26

27

28

29

30

31 Garum –where/ how is it traded? Aulus Umbricius Scaurus, father and son, Pompeii Major commodity in Pompeii, only one dedicated shop found (so far.)

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40 Garum – how is it used? Ubiquitous Condiment

41 Garum – how is it used? Ingredient

42 Garum – how is it used? Cosmetics – remove unwanted hair and freckles

43 Garum – how is it used? Medicine – dog bites, dysentery, ulcers, chronic diarrhea and constipation!

44 Garum – modern? Umami

45 Garum – modern? Asian/Pacific fish sauces e.g. Nuoc Mam, Nam Pla

46 Garum – modern? Worcestershire sauce Lea & Perrins includes anchovy base!


Download ppt "Something Fishy this Way Comes: The How and Why of Garum Lori Kissell."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google