Starch – storage of glucose in plants Glycogen – storage of glucose in animals
Some sugars taste more or less sweet than each other. If the sweetness of sucrose, is arbitrarily assigned a sweetness of 100%, then here’s how other common sugars compare: Sugar Sweetness fructose: 173% sucrose: 100% glucose: 74% maltose: 33% galactose: 33% lactose: 16%
Made up of amino acids - “building blocks of proteins” Plants & animals Need to be broken down into amino acids before our body can use them › Made into proteins to be used › Converted to energy › Stored as fat
Proteins are essential in order for our body to function correctly. 1. Enzymes 2. Transportation & Storage 3. Cell & Tissue Growth 4. Mechanical Support 5. Coordination & Motion 6. Immune Protection 7. Nerve Generation & Impulses 8. Fluid Balances Read handout describing in more detail what each of these actually mean.
Non-essential amino acids – ones that can be produced in our body (12) Essential amino acids – ones that are required in the diet but body cannot make – need to get from foods we eat