Presentation on theme: "Section Enhancing Food"— Presentation transcript:
1Section 16.1 Enhancing Food Section Herbs and SpicesSection Condiments
2Section 16.1 Enhancing Food Seasonings and flavorings strengthen a food’s natural flavor.Knowing which seasonings and flavorings work well with certain food items is an important cooking skill.
3Seasonings and Flavorings To strengthen food’s natural flavors, foodservice professionals use:seasoningsseasoningAn ingredient that enhances food without changing the natural flavor.
4Seasonings and Flavorings To strengthen food’s natural flavors, foodservice professionals use:flavoringsflavoringAn ingredient that actually changes the natural flavor of the foods to which it is added.
5Seasonings and Flavorings Salt is the most commonly used seasoning today.Common salts used by foodservice professionals include:table saltrock saltsea saltkosher salt
6Seasonings and Flavorings Pepper is the most widely used spice in the world.Peppercorns can be black, white, green, and red; red is more closely related to bell peppers.spiceA flavoring that blends with the natural flavor of foods.
7Seasonings and Flavorings Hot peppers are called chiles and vary in their degree of hotness, color, and flavor.Always wear gloves when working with hot peppers to prevent burns.
8Seasonings and Flavorings Onions are a flavoring from a family that also includes:scallionsleeksshallotschivesgarlic
9Seasonings and Flavorings Lemon is a flavoring from the zest of the fruit, added to dishes such as fish, meats, vegetables, and desserts.zestThe rind of a fruit.
10Seasonings and Flavorings Seasonings can be added at any time during cooking, but some forms of food adapt themselves to seasoning at certain times.Flavorings can be added during the cooking process at any time, but effects on prepared foods will depend on cooking time.What dishes have you made that required seasonings and flavorings?
11Section 16.2 Herbs and Spices A foodservice employee must be able to identify and use herbs and spices.Correctly used, herbs and spices can enhance a dish.Incorrectly used, herbs and spices can ruin a dish.
12Herb VarietiesFoodservice professionals need to know what herbs and spices look like, what flavors they have, and how to correctly use them.herbA plant that grows in temperate climates; used as flavoring that adds color and aroma to foods.
13Herb Varieties Examples of herbs include: basil bay leaf chervil chivescilantrodillgarlic chiveslemongrassmarjorammintoreganoparsleyrosemarysagesavorytarragonthyme
14Herb Varieties Herbs can have a delicate or bold flavor. Fresh herbs are not as strong, so twice the amount should be used if dried herbs are called for in a recipe.
15Herb VarietiesStore fresh herbs wrapped loosely in damp paper towels on sheet pans in a refrigerator.Store dried herbs in containers that are opaque and airtight, in a cool, dry place at temperatures between 50°F (10°C) and 70°F (21°C)
16Spice VarietiesSpices come from the bark, buds, fruits, roots, seeds, or stems of plants and trees.Spices can be used whole, ground, sliced, or in chunks.The form you use depends on the cooking time.
18Spice VarietiesSpices should be stored in airtight containers away from direct sunlight and in cool, dry place at temperatures of 50°F (10°C) to 70°F (21°C).
19Section 16.3 Condiments, Nuts, and Seeds Condiments, nuts, and seeds can be served with food to enhance flavor.Condiments are added to prepared food, while nuts and seeds are used during cooking.
20Condiment VarietiesCondiments are served with food to help enhance food flavors.condimentSomething served as an accompaniment.
21Condiment Varieties Describe these different condiments. Condiment DescriptionSalsaA fresh or cooked mixture of rough chopped chiles, tomatoes, onions, and cilantroKetchupA tomato-based sauce that has a tangy, sweet-and-sour taste; some ketchups have a flavoring added, such as jalapeñoSteak SauceA sauce that is tangier than ketchup; often used with grilled or broiled meats
22Condiment Varieties Describe these different condiments. Condiment DescriptionPrepared MustardContains a combination of ground white, black, and brown mustard seeds, vinegar, salt and spices; comes in many textures and flavorsVinegarA sour, acidic liquid used in cooking, marinades, and salad dressings; varieties include white, red wine, balsamic, and cider vinegarsFlavored OilAn oil that has been enhanced with ingredients such as herbs, spices, and garlic