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CELIAC DISEASE Done by Fifunmi Laosebikan Samanth Datta Charles Merigini Tamosa aka Boss King.

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Presentation on theme: "CELIAC DISEASE Done by Fifunmi Laosebikan Samanth Datta Charles Merigini Tamosa aka Boss King."— Presentation transcript:

1 CELIAC DISEASE Done by Fifunmi Laosebikan Samanth Datta Charles Merigini Tamosa aka Boss King

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3 CONTENT PAGE  What is celiac disease  Signs and symptoms of celiac disease  Epidemiology  Diagnosis  Treatment  Risk factors

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5 WHAT IS CELIAC DISEASE  A genetic disease in children and adults.  Reaction to the food protein gluten.  Body attacks itself in an auto-immune reaction  Destroys the villi the lining of the small intestine  Scars the intestine and causes sickness  N.B no cure or medication just gluten free diet

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7 RISK FACTORS  Malignant disease e.g lymphomas  Deficiency in vitamin B9 Folic Acid and vitamin 12, fat soluble and vitamins  Increasing mortality due to increased risk of malignancy  Diabetes mellitus type 1  Arthritis and Osteoporosis

8 TREATMENT  High protein  High calorie  High iron, folic acid, vitamin B12  Calcium  Zinc, magnesium  Fiber  A,D and K as water soluble vitamins  (Thiamine, riboflavin and niacin)

9 SUMMARY  People with celiac disease cannot tolerate gluteal protein in wheat,rye and barley.  Untreated celiac disease damages the small intestine and interferes with nutrient absorption.  Without any treatment people with celiac disease can develop complications such as osteoporosis and cancer.  An individual with celiac disease may or may not have symptoms

10 HOW’S CELIAC DISEASE DIAGNOSED ? Blood test  Check for antibody levels in the blood  Called a celiac panel Endoscopy and biopsy of small intestine  Final diagnosis based on biopsy before starting a gluten-free diet  Can be diagnosed even if there are no symptoms

11 WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS  Diarrhea  Weight loss  Abdominal pain  Chronic fatigue  Weakness  malnutrition In children  Fatigue to thrive  Irritability  Diarrhea and bloating  Osteoporosis  Anemia  Infertility  Depression behavioral changes  Chronic fatigue

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13 METHOD  Body attacks normal tissue result to damage of lining of small intestine villi  Villi contain blood vessels which absorb nutrients  Digested nutrients are carried away by circulating blood  Hence damage to the villi result to poor absorption of vitamins minerals, fats, proteins and carbohydrates.

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15  THANQ!!!


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