WHAT IS CELIAC DISEASE A genetic disease in children and adults. Reaction to the food protein gluten. Body attacks itself in an auto-immune reaction Destroys the villi the lining of the small intestine Scars the intestine and causes sickness N.B no cure or medication just gluten free diet
RISK FACTORS Malignant disease e.g lymphomas Deficiency in vitamin B9 Folic Acid and vitamin 12, fat soluble and vitamins Increasing mortality due to increased risk of malignancy Diabetes mellitus type 1 Arthritis and Osteoporosis
TREATMENT High protein High calorie High iron, folic acid, vitamin B12 Calcium Zinc, magnesium Fiber A,D and K as water soluble vitamins (Thiamine, riboflavin and niacin)
SUMMARY People with celiac disease cannot tolerate gluteal protein in wheat,rye and barley. Untreated celiac disease damages the small intestine and interferes with nutrient absorption. Without any treatment people with celiac disease can develop complications such as osteoporosis and cancer. An individual with celiac disease may or may not have symptoms
HOW’S CELIAC DISEASE DIAGNOSED ? Blood test Check for antibody levels in the blood Called a celiac panel Endoscopy and biopsy of small intestine Final diagnosis based on biopsy before starting a gluten-free diet Can be diagnosed even if there are no symptoms
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS Diarrhea Weight loss Abdominal pain Chronic fatigue Weakness malnutrition In children Fatigue to thrive Irritability Diarrhea and bloating Osteoporosis Anemia Infertility Depression behavioral changes Chronic fatigue
METHOD Body attacks normal tissue result to damage of lining of small intestine villi Villi contain blood vessels which absorb nutrients Digested nutrients are carried away by circulating blood Hence damage to the villi result to poor absorption of vitamins minerals, fats, proteins and carbohydrates.