Where do you focus your attention? Extraversion Prefer to communicate by talking Focus attention on the outer world/people Learn best by doing & discussing Take action
Where do you focus your attention? Introversion Prefer to make decisions through internal thoughts Focus attention on the inner world of memories, thoughts, and feelings Prefer to communicate in writing/reflection of ideas
E vs. I Famous Es Abraham Lincoln – ENFJ Steve Spurrier- ESFJ Danny Glover – ESFJ Famous Is: Tom Cruise – ISTP Michael Jordan – ISFJ Oprah Winfrey- INFJ John F. Kennedy - INTJ
How do you gather information? Sensing Become aware of what is real-using the five senses (look, sound, feel, taste, and smell) Detail-oriented Focus on present –concrete information/reality Trust experience Specific (detailed) instructions
How do you gather information? Intuition Become aware of the meanings and relationships that go beyond the information given (future possibilities) Focus on the big picture/creating patterns Imaginative/Creative
Design Your House Each group take 3 minutes to design your dream house
How do you make decisions? Thinking Make decisions objectively, solving with logic Cause & effect relationships Problem-Solving Fair- everyone is treated equally Can be considered “tough-minded”
How do you make decisions? Feeling Make decisions on subjective, person- centered values Consider personal values/what is most important to you and others Strive for harmony, positive interactions Fair-everyone treated as an individual Can be considered “tender-hearted”
Decisions, Decisions Scenario: You are the owner/CEO of a mid-size business. Unfortunately, economic times are tough and you are forced to lay off five, full-time employees. How do you decide who is staying and who is going?
How do you relate to the outer world? Judging Structure Organization Systematic Create long/short-term plans Like to have things settled
How do you relate to the outer world? Perceiving Spontaneous Flexible Casual Open-ended Like to keep options open
Taking a Trip You have plans for this weekend. It is Tuesday. When are you going to start planning, preparing, and packing for this trip?
Learning Styles-ENTJ Logical order and action Talk to learn Mental work: continuous flow of ideas New ideas: associations & meanings Inquiry learning: naturally curious Planning: goals & schedules planned at the beginning Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-ESTJ Logical order and action Clear purposes: what is this about, examples, & practice Goal-oriented: goals & schedules planned from the beginning Sound & practical: observe specifics & organize them Concrete to abstract: information in a logical and orderly format Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-INTP Mental priorities: continuous flow of ideas & possibilities Logical thinking: detached, analytical approach to life Reading: one of the best ways to learn Study style: spontaneous-flowing with surges of impulsive energy Informal problem-solving: at best when work feels like play Invention & Choice: invent their own ways to solve problems & enjoy independent study Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-ISTP Sensory learning: doing their best when they can hear, touch, and see what they are learning Logical thinker Concrete, reflective learning: logical sequences flowing from concrete to abstract Orderly, factual: observation of specifics and memory of facts Study style: spontaneous, preferring to focus on one task at a time Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-ENFJ Active learning: interactions-class discussions Goal-oriented: goals and schedules planned ahead of time Self-Critical Favored Instruction: orderly flow of ideas Problem-solving: weighing value issues in the context of deeply held beliefs and personal priorities Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-ESFJ Learn best through personal relationships Active learning-classroom discussions Sensory learning: hear, touch, and see Goal-oriented: plan goals and draw energy from a steady, orderly process Concrete to abstract ideas Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-INFP Naturally curious-imaginative Individual & Private: prefer to teach themselves Study style: open & exploratory approach to learning-need to develop self-discipline Mental processing: continuous flow of ideas and imaginings Conceptual learner: start with big picture Instruction: like to do individual work in their own way Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-ISFP Sensory learners: hear, touch, see Like hands-on materials and audio-visual aids Learning is a private matter-work individually within the framework prescribed by instructor Mental processing: info organized in sets of personal values Study Style: spontaneous, impulsive Like to work at their own pace Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles: ESTP Sensory, active learning: learn through TV, films, audio, and hands-on Logical reasoning: ability to observe facts & remember them Study Style: like facts straight and logically organized (step by step) Like to take a playful approach to work and studying Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Style-ESFP Naturally curious Sensory learning: TV, films, hands-on Like to talk and think out loud Like to learn through discussions, studying with friends Study style: remember facts, build knowledge step by step Learn spontaneously with surges of impulsive energy Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-ISTJ View school work as serious work Want to be shown exactly what is expected of them Clear, sensory instruction: examples and demonstrations with practice Concrete—abstract Learning is a private matter—new information is difficult to obtain in group work Careful, detailed learners-like to go step by step through new material to make sure they have a sound understanding Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-ISFJ School learning is serious learning Sensory learning: hear, touch, see Like instructors to give examples & guided practice Learning is a private matter-study individually or with a close friend Goal-oriented: like goals clearly in mind while they work Practical: do best work when they clearly see the practical, here and now usefulness of assignments Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-ENTP Naturally curious-like to pursue new interests Mental processing: describe mind as continuous flow of ideas & possibilities Interactive learning: like to talk-class discussions and oral presentations Study style: spontaneous, surges of energy Conceptual learning: like the big picture concept and broad meanings Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-ENFP Thrive on feeling inspired Naturally curious about anything that engages imagination Interactive learning-class discussions, studying with a friend Conceptual learner-big picture Study style: spontaneous, surges of energy Informal problem solving: brainstorming, sharing ideas, inventing new ways Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-INTJ Thrive on the surge of inspiration that comes with new ideas and possibilities Independent & private: prefer to teach themselves Reading is one of the main ways of learning Mental processing: construct mental models of ideas Insight: strong intuition to make decisions Competence & mastery are important and come through inspiration, insight, and analytical thinking Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.
Learning Styles-INFJ Thrive on the inspiration that comes with pursuing new ideas and possibilities Individual & private- prefer to teach themselves whatever they believe they need to know Mental processing: mind is quick in seeing associations and meanings, reading between the lines Insight is very strong-language skills Solve problems by weighing value issues Adapted from Looking at Type and Learning Styles by Gordon Lawrence, Ph.D.