Presentation on theme: "Managers promote stability while leaders press for change, and only organizations that embrace both sides of that contradiction can thrive in turbulent."— Presentation transcript:
1 Managers promote stability while leaders press for change, and only organizations that embrace both sides of that contradiction can thrive in turbulent times. --John P. Kotter, “What Leaders Really Do”Outline:3 DimensionsAnalysis of examplesWhen we talk about leadership at universities, we frequently use the metaphor of the big ship – powerful, but takes time to change direction. Ship analogy fits well with Kotter’s view of leadership and management:We need complementary strategies to keep the ship in top condition and moving in the right direction.Management to cope with complexity and promote stability; Leadership promotes change.Both are necessary for success in a complex and volatile environment.We’re going to talk about the activities that distinguish management and leadership in each of three dimensionsSteven and Rhonda are going to take us through some examples.
2 1: Orientation to the Future ManagementLeadershipPlanning and Budgeting Goal: Managing complexitySetting goals for the short-term futureSetting a DirectionGoal: Leading to constructive changeDeveloping vision for more-distant future, along with strategies for producing changesFirst dimension is about charting our ship’s course for the futureManagers set short-term goals to manage complexity. Activities like planning and budgeting move things forward.Leaders, however, set a direction that is further on the horizon. Their goal is to lead change and develop strategies to achieve the vision.
3 2: Developing Capacity to Achieve Plans ManagementLeadershipOrganizing and staffingCreating an organizational structure, set of jobs, staffing, communicating and delegatingAligning peopleCommunicating direction to those who can create coalitions committed to achievement of visionsecond dimension is developing capacity to achieve plans.Managers focus on organizing and staffing: on a ship, hiring the captain, first mate, engineers, and cooks; communicating and delegating to keep the ship running smoothly.Leaders, however, focus on aligning people. Communicating direction to leaders who can motivate groups to work in the right direction to slowly turn the ship.
4 3: Assuring Plan Accomplishment ManagementLeadershipControlling and Problem-Solving:Monitoring results Identifying deviationsProblem-solvingMotivating and Inspiring: Keeping people moving in right directionAppealing to human needs, values, emotionsThe third dimension is assuring progress:Managers do so by checking the gages, identifying and fixing problems that crop up.Leaders, however, assure accomplishment by motivating and inspiring their crew to keep them moving in the right direction.SO, complementary activities of management and leadership along these three dimensions keep the ship in tip-top shape and moving in the right direction. Both are essential.
5 Example 1: Focus on Management Planning and BudgetingOrganizing and StaffingControlling and Problem- Solving
6 Example 2: Focus on Leadership Setting a DirectionAligning PeopleMotivating and Inspiring