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SESSION 2: Field Program Examples OBJECTIVES Discover what types of integrated programs are feasible, especially at scale Identify challenges and opportunities.

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Presentation on theme: "SESSION 2: Field Program Examples OBJECTIVES Discover what types of integrated programs are feasible, especially at scale Identify challenges and opportunities."— Presentation transcript:


2 SESSION 2: Field Program Examples OBJECTIVES Discover what types of integrated programs are feasible, especially at scale Identify challenges and opportunities in integration OUTPUT A list of challenges and a list of opportunities

3 Bangladesh| Alive & Thrive, FHI 360 Represented by Tina Sanghvi, Alive & Thrive, FHI 360 Communication Campaign for Reducing Stunting through IYCF + Handwashing

4 Program aims Prevent stunting – Complementary feeding practices, especially nutrient-dense foods and animal source foods (existing program) – Handwashing to decrease infection, allow for better use of nutrients Create intervention that WASH sector will pick up, including nutrition

5 Areas of integration WASH: – Wash hands with soap: Before mashing child’s food Before feeding child – Wash child’s hands IYCF: – Feed right quantity, frequency – Feed 4 varieties of foods/day, focus on animal source foods ECD: – [Responsive feeding]

6 Constraints & Motivators Make it convenient: HW station (water and soap) near feeding area Shift social norms: Engage community members, make the practices seem normal, expected Make health benefits credible: Stress protection from illness, germs

7 The intervention Social mobilization guidelines

8 Results from Trial Phase Increased HW with soap before preparing food and feeding – Presence of handwashing station at feeding place increases HW at key times Increased feeding of right quantity and frequency family food Little impact on feeding 4 varieties of foods Little interest from WASH colleagues

9 South Africa| MAMA Represented by Kirsten Gagnaire, Global MAMA MAMA, South Africa Mobile Alliance for Maternal Action

10 Program aims Deliver vital health information to new and expectant mothers through mobile phones Inform and empower low-income, expectant mothers who are at risk of complications and death during pregnancy and childbirth, and new mothers caring for their infants Encourage care seeking behavior and regular clinic visits for immunizations and check ups

11 Areas of integration WASH: – Handwashing, food safety, safe water IYCF: – Exclusive breastfeeding, appropriate complementary feeding ECD: – Early stimulation, appreciation of developmental stages

12 The intervention

13 Results Targeting health information to user’s gestational age or the age of child markedly increases acceptability of the service and user retention Mothers appreciate the opportunity to connect with other mothers and feel empowered by the feeling of belonging to a community Project implementation best done through consortium of partners: with technical and content expertise, access to clinical services, and experience in monitoring and evaluation

14 Video: MAMA South Africa Mashup Iwr0dpmE

15 Johns Hopkins University Ministry of Health, Dept. La Libertad Represented by Rebecca Robert, Catholic University of America, visiting investigator with Instituto de Investigación Nutricional Educational intervention delivered through health services to improve child nutrition Peru | Instituto de Investigación Nutricional

16 Program aims Prevent stunting through improved feeding practices Design and test educational intervention (not providing food) (cluster RCT) Raise profile of nutrition in health centers, strengthen existing government health services without increasing personnel or costs

17 Areas of integration WASH: – [Wash hands, food, plate when preparing food] IYCF: – Give thick puree – Give animal source foods (liver, egg, fish) ECD: – Interactive (responsive) feeding: [Teach baby to eat] [Help baby to eat by himself] [Eat as a family] [If child won’t take food, wait, offer again]

18 3 Key Messages 1.At each meal give thick puree first 2.Add special food: liver, egg or fish 3.Teach your child to eat with love, patience, and good humor

19 The intervention

20 Percentage of children with stunting by age and intervention group 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0369121518 Age in months % Children Intervention Control

21 Results “Before, only the nutritionist gave messages. Now, we all give messages because we all speak the same language (of key messages), we all say the basic messages.”

22 Bangladesh | Save the Children Represented by Ivelina Borisova, Save the Children Early Stimulation and Nutrition Program in Rural Bangladesh

23 Program aims Growth and development – Height for age – MUAC (mid- to upper-arm circumference) – Cognitive and language development Sustainable and scalable model for improving stimulation and nutrition caregiving practices

24 Areas of integration WASH: – Wash hands with soap before feeding – Wash child’s hands before s/he eats IYCF: – Feed a variety of nutritious foods, especially animal source foods – Feed with patience and good humor; encourage self feeding ECD: – Give child affection, show love, every day – Play games every day and let the child play with playthings – Talk to and with your child; respond to child’s sounds

25 The Intervention Save the Children & Department of Health and Family Planning Family Welfare Assistants Parent education support through home visits, community and satellite clinics Mothers of children 0-3 years 25

26 Child Development Card


28 Results from first phase Impact on growth and development – No impact on height for age (short intervention period,10 months) – Large impact on language and cognitive development (d=1.52 and 1.04 respectively) Household practices – Improved caregiver-child interactions at home – Increased breastfeeding rates – Little impact on feeding animal source foods Some impact on diarrhea rates

29 Zambia| Nepal| Indonesia| India Zambia| Presented by Val Curtis, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Changing multiple behaviours

30 physical environment bio- logical setting body behaviour social physical environment bio- logical setting motivated executive reactive brain Evo-Eco model

31 Settings Kitchen makeover parties

32 Manners

33 Brand

34 Nurture

35 Video: SuperAma animation IQQuiQw IQQuiQw

36 SESSION 3: Shared Indicators OBJECTIVE To identify impact indicators of growth and development that could be used in a coordinated program OUTPUT List of impact indicators

37 SESSION 4: Household Practices OBJECTIVES To review the household practices (or behaviors) critical to child growth and development, as currently articulated by each sector - ECD, Nutrition and WASH To develop a (preliminary) comprehensive list of priority household practices for use across sectors To identify feasible opportunities for program integration, promoting key household practices from each sector OUTPUT A matrix of key behaviors by age cohort Ideas for integrating key behaviors into sector programming List of challenges to integration, with possible solutions

38 SESSION 5: Future Actions OBJECTIVES To identify specific opportunities for moving forward with collaboration to advance child growth and development To allow participants to make a public commitment of resources to specific collaborative actions To identify ways to share the spirit and outputs of this meeting with the broader community – the three sectors and the child health and education communities OUTPUT List of potential collaborative actions, with names of people and/or organizations attached

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