Presentation on theme: "Contact: Larry Kosmont, CRE President and CEO Kosmont Companies Economic Development Without Redevelopment Changes in Retail and Tax Strategies and How."— Presentation transcript:
Contact: Larry Kosmont, CRE President and CEO Kosmont Companies Economic Development Without Redevelopment Changes in Retail and Tax Strategies and How Cities Can Respond 14 th Annual SBCCOG General Assembly February 22, 2013
Retail as Economic Development in California Retail Trends Today Case Studies Techniques to survive and thrive THE SCRIPT 2
“Show Me The Money” 3 Development Without Redevelopment
$43 billion in sales and use tax revenue annually 164,200 unique stores; 650,000 retail outlets 500 recognized market areas $571 billion in sales annually 2,776,000 employees (nearly one fifth of California’s total employment) California’s Retail – A Lead Role In Our Economy 4
The lure of sales tax dollars has encouraged general plans and zoning ordinances to be drafted that favor retail Sometimes resulted in “spot zoning” that created “islands of retail” amid other, often incompatible uses Retail proliferated at freeway exit ramps & City boundaries Over three decades, sales tax policy has greatly influenced legitimate land use decisions and distribution of land uses Competition between cities for the same retailers resulted in incentive wars for major retailers to locate Ultimately legislation (SB 114) stopped cities from using incentives to poach more sales tax revenue The “Fiscalization” of Land Use 5
1.Online Retailing Brick & Mortar electronic retailers increasingly vulnerable Borders gone, B&N closing 20 stores per year for a decade Fulfillment Centers expanding Increase in fulfillment centers may lead to more retail located in industrial areas as well as “B” and “C” locations 2.“Showrooming” – Browsing at stores then buying online 3.“Geofencing” – offering promotions via mobiles in or near store 4.“Omni-channel” Shopping – integration of all market pathways 5.Non-discount Brick & Mortars must offer a unique shopping experience and entertaining environment to thrive Retail Trends – The Elephant in the Living Room
National Level – Congress divided: Proposed Main Street Fairness Act would set guidelines for how states should collect taxes from online retailers, but... Federal legislation also introduced to stop states from trying to collect internet taxes on out of state retailers In California: Out of state retailers now required to collect sales taxes on internet purchases. Amazon fought law, but then settled. Amazon building large distribution centers in CA with goal of same day delivery 7 Internet Sales Tax Collection
Who captures the sales tax? 1.Where the purchaser is located? 2.Where the seller has a physical presence? Lockbox Items purchased are delivered to secure local location Purchaser given code to unlock and take package Permits delivery of items en mass Lowers shipping fees & helps mitigate cost of sales tax Ultimately cities & states will capture sales tax revenue. The question is…. How? 8 Internet Sales Tax Collection
STATE TAX REVENUE Income Tax: ~64% of General Fund Sales Tax:~21% of General Fund Source: California Legislative Analyst; CA Dept of Finance California – Sales Tax is Key 9 Sales and income tax prone to major shifts Budget balanced, but precarious Standard and Poor’s CA GO bond rating second lowest in USA (A) 41 st on Forbes Best States for Business List Unemployment at 9.8% Existing sales tax alone can’t support CA budget – need projects and jobs.
Cities need private partners for projects that generate taxes & jobs Retail – sales tax & jobs (entry level) Rooms – hotel transient occupancy tax (TOT) Relocation/Expansion – business tax & jobs Real Estate Development – property taxes & jobs Cities Focused on Real Estate & Taxes Cities need Tax Increment to induce projects that generate sales tax.
California now only one of 2 states w/o tax increment, THE most powerful tool for economic development Based upon property tax which is a stable funding source RDA Tax-Increment Financing (TIF) model allowed local agencies access to significant & long-term source of funds Tax increment grows for decades beyond a flat base year, capturing significant leverageable value over time Redevelopment “Cancelled” TIF 11 Redevelopment was a Tax-Increment Financing power tool: So what’s left after Redevelopment?
Post RDA (No- Tax Increment)= 10 “Hand Tools ” 12 #1 Site-Specific Tax Revenue (“SSTR”) Pledge or Rebates #2 Ground Lease #3 Lease-Leaseback of City Assets #4 Tax-Exempt Revenue & Utility Bonds #5 Parking Authorities #6 Other Special Districts (CFDs, BIDs) #7 EB-5: Immigrant Investor Program (Green Cards for Jobs) #8 Competitive Federal & State Grants (EDA/CDBG) #9 New Market Tax Credits (NMTC) #10 Infrastructure Financing Districts (IFDs)* *not ready for prime time without legislative fix
Three P’s required of public & private sectors for Public Private Partnerships to work: 1. Participation Financial Transactional Operational 2. Public Purpose Public benefits 3. Political Will Where there’s a will there’s a way How to Survive in 2013? P3’s are the Keys
“Deal or No Deal” 14 Pick a number, any number
City of Redondo Beach Waterfront Revitalization (Project In Process) City of Redondo Beach Waterfront Revitalization (Project In Process) 15 Hand Tools: Lease-Leaseback Financing Option Agreement RFQ Site Specific Tax Revenues (?) Parking District (?) “Economic Development Without Redevelopment”
The Challenge Redondo Beach’s aging waterfront increasingly struggles to compete City exploring ways to revitalize pier, boardwalk & surrounding properties Potential to develop new hotel and retail uses Redondo Beach Waterfront Revitalization 16
Int’l Boardwalk and Pier Plaza acquired through 100% Lease-Leaseback Other properties controlled through existing leases and options RFQ issued for 15+ Acres of Waterside Development including hotel and retail uses as well as improved public amenities CenterCal selected as developer Redondo Beach Waterfront Revitalization 17 International Boardwalk Pier Plaza Marina Properties The Solution– Assemble land in preperation for public private partnership Add’l Properties in RFQ
18 Hand Tools: Ground Lease Lease-Leaseback Site-Specific Tax Revenue Pledge (prop & TOT) Mezzanine Reserve Fund City of Redondo Beach Marine Ave. Hotels (Project In Process) “Economic Development Without Redevelopment”
The Challenge City wants to better utilize area near Metro station that has yet to attract transit-oriented development. Odd lot size & shape; multiple ownership; and vacant condition has deterred private development. The Project: (Escrow scheduled to close and break ground Feb. 2013) 147 room Hilton Garden Inn & a 172-room Marriott Residence Inn located adjacent to a Metro station Community use of meeting rooms, Fwy. Billboard use for City Redondo Beach Marine Avenue Hotel Project 19
1.Retail real estate is about 3 things : Urban location, location, location. 2.Internet retailing rising fast, but still market for “bricks”, especially in underserved and urban markets 3.California’s budget structure still favors retail, but land use decisions may shift as online retail changes “points of sale” 4.How will cities and states capture sales tax? 5.Public-private deals need to be incentivized on a local level to maintain and pay for quality of life and services 6.There are a variety of financing tools in the wake of redevelopment; but none are as effective as Tax Increment. 7.California needs an long term funding solution for economic development projects 8.Ultimately, the public sector and private sector need a heavy dose of each other to thrive. Let’s do lunch! And That’s a Wrap 20