2What Are We Learning? Standards: S3L1a. Differentiate between habitats of Georgia (mountains, marsh/swamp, coast, Piedmont, Atlantic Ocean) and the organisms that live there.S3L1b. Identify features of green plants that allow them to live and thrive in different regions of Georgia.S3L1c. Identify features of animals that allow them to live and thrive in different regions of Georgia.S3L1d. Explain what will happen to an organism if the habitat is changed.S3L2a. Explain the effects of pollution (such as littering) to the habitats of plants and animals.
3What Are We Learning? Essential Questions: What is the difference between Georgia’s 5 habitats?What do plants and animals need to live in their habitats?How can I help the habitats thrive?Lesson Focus:What is a habitat?What is adaptation?
5A habitat is the place where living things (organisms) live. It is more than just a home it includes the whole surrounding area.The habitat provides the animal or plant with food or shelter.
6People and Their Habitats People can live all over the world.
7We can do this because we are able to build homes for different conditions.
8Also we can change our clothes to best suit the temperature around us. Animal skin and fur act as insulators and keep heat in.White clothes reflect the heat.
9Animals and PlantsMost plants and animals are specially adapted to survive in a particular habitat.They have developed special features to suit the demands of their environment.This is called adaptation.
11All birds have similar characteristics. But many water birds have features that are different from those birds live on land.Long legs are good for wadingThese wings act as flippersWebbed feet for swimming
12Some animals are camouflaged to blend in with their surroundings. This keeps them safe. It’s harder for other animals to see them or catch them for food.This lion blends in well with the grassy background.These zebra could easily be mistaken for bushes from a distance.This lizards skin is so similar to the rock colour.
13Aquatic animals have streamlined bodies to move more easily in the water.
14These animals have adapted to live in the hot climate of the desert. Camels store water in their humps.Ostriches have long eyelashes to keep out the sand.Snakes glide across the hot sands and can shed their skin
15These animals have adapted to be more suited to cold temperatures. Layers of fat keep the seals body warm, and small ears stop heat loss.Polar bears are kept warm by their body fat.Deer have a warm layer of fur.
16Even plants have adapted to their habitats. The cactus has fleshy stems that store water.Dandelions seeds pull off and float away easily.The water provides support for this lily as it has less developed roots to hold it in place.
17Animals and plants help each other ProtectionPlants and animals depend on each other for a wide variety of things.Nests to reproduceShelterFoodGas exchange