Presentation on theme: "15 Societies and Empires of Africa, 800–1500"— Presentation transcript:
115 Societies and Empires of Africa, 800–1500 QUIT15CHAPTERSocieties and Empiresof Africa, 800–1500Chapter OverviewTime LineSECTION1North and Central African SocietiesMAPSECTION2West African Empires and CivilizationsGRAPHSECTION3Eastern City-States and Southern EmpiresVisual Summary
215 Societies and Empires of Africa, 800–1500 HOME15CHAPTERSocieties and Empiresof Africa, 800–1500Chapter OverviewAfricans develop different types of societies, including hunting-gathering and stateless societies south of the Sahara and in Muslim states in North Africa. Other African peoples form powerful empires and states in West, East, and southern Africa, growing rich through trade with Muslim merchants, who spread Islam.
315 Societies and Empires of Africa, 800–1500 HOME Time Line 800 1500 CHAPTERSocieties and Empiresof Africa, 800–1500Time Line800 Empire of Ghana thrives on trade.1076 Muslim Almoravids conquer Ghana.1235 Sundiata founds Mali Empire.1464 Sunni Ali begins Songhai Empire.80015001000 Hausa city-states begin to emerge.1100 Ife established as a Yoruba kingdom.1324 Mali king Mansa Musa goes on hajj to Mecca.
4North and Central African Societies Key Idea 1 HOME1North and CentralAfrican SocietiesKey IdeaSouth of the Sahara, African peoples form hunting-gathering societies and stateless societies. In North Africa groups of Muslim reformers form two successive Muslim states, the Almoravid and Almohad empires.OverviewAssessment
5North and Central African Societies Overview 1 • lineage HOME1North and CentralAfrican SocietiesTERMS & NAMESOverview• lineage• stateless societies• patrilineal• matrilineal• Maghrib• Almoravids• AlmohadsMAIN IDEAWHY IT MATTERS NOWNorth and central Africa developed hunting-gathering societies, stateless societies, and Muslim states.Modern African nations often must find ways to include these various peoples and traditions in one society.Assessment
6North and Central African Societies 1 1 HOME1North and CentralAfrican SocietiesSection1Assessment1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List characteristics of stateless societies.Stateless SocietiesLineages share powerElders negotiate conflictNo centralized authorityAge-set systemcontinued . . .
7North and Central African Societies 1 1 HOME1North and CentralAfrican SocietiesSection1Assessment2. In what ways are hunting-gathering societies and stateless societies similar? THINK ABOUT• family structures• social structures• methods of handling conflictANSWERPossible Responses:• Both are based on extended family systems.Neither has a chief or centralized authority.• Both try to talk out conflicts.End of Section 1
8West African Empires and Civilizations Key Idea 2 HOME2West African Empiresand CivilizationsMAPKey IdeaIn West Africa three empires—Ghana, Mali, and Songhai—thrive by controlling the trade of gold and salt. Muslim merchants and teachers bring Islam to West Africa. Other major states develop there, including the Hausa city-states, the Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo, and Benin.OverviewAssessment
9West African Empires and Civilizations Overview 2 • Ghana • Mali HOME2West African Empiresand CivilizationsMAPTERMS & NAMESOverview• Ghana• Mali• Sundiata• Mansa Musa• Ibn Battuta• Songhai• Hausa• Yoruba• BeninMAIN IDEAWHY IT MATTERS NOWWest Africa contained several powerful empires and states, including Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.These empires demonstrate the richness of African culture before European colonization.Assessment
10West African Empires and Civilizations 2 2 HOME2West African Empiresand CivilizationsMAPSection2Assessment1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts.Compare the Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire.MaliSonghaiBothBroke away from Mali; had war canoes, mobile horseback fighters, and strong centralized governmentRevived salt/gold trade, had strict judicial system, built mosques, visited by Ibn BattutaControlled Timbuktu, had strong leaders, created Muslim empires, dominated tradecontinued . . .
11West African Empires and Civilizations 2 2 HOME2West African Empiresand CivilizationsMAPSection2Assessment2. Which of the two—the Yoruba people or the people of Benin—had more influence on the other? Explain.THINK ABOUT• when the kingdoms flourished• political traditions of each• artistic traditions of eachANSWERPossible Responses:• The Yoruba people had more influence—their kingdoms flourished earlier.• Benin’s kings claimed descent from a Yoruba king.• Benin’s artists claimed to have learned from Yoruba artists.continued . . .
12West African Empires and Civilizations 2 2 HOME2West African Empiresand CivilizationsMAPSection2Assessment3. What do you think was the most effective method Ghana used to regulate its economy? Explain. THINK ABOUT• trade routes• ownership of gold• taxesANSWERPossible Responses:• Controlling trade routes, because Ghana’s rulers could grow rich by taxing traders.• The law that only the king could own gold nuggets, because it kept inflation down.• Laws and practices ensuring fair trade and deterring bandits, because they helped trade thrive.End of Section 2
13Eastern City-States and Southern Empires HOME3Eastern City-States andSouthern EmpiresGRAPHKey IdeaCities on Africa’s east coast thrive on trade with Asia, using Swahili as a trade language. Muslim traders bring Islam to East Africa. The Shona states, Great Zimbabwe and Mutapa in southern Africa, control the gold trade from the interior to the east coast.OverviewAssessment
14Eastern City-States and Southern Empires HOME3Eastern City-States andSouthern EmpiresGRAPHTERMS & NAMESOverview• Swahili• Great Zimbabwe• MutapaMAIN IDEAWHY IT MATTERS NOWFrom 1000 to 1500, East African city-states and southern African empires gained wealth and power through trade.The country of Zimbabwe and cities such as Mogadishu and Mombasa have their roots in this time period.Assessment
15Resulting Interaction HOME3Eastern City-States andSouthern EmpiresGRAPHSection3Assessment1. Explain three examples of cultural interaction brought about by trade on the coast of East Africa. Indicate whether the interaction had a positive or negative effect.Cultural GroupResulting InteractionBantu speakersArabsCreate Swahili; positive effectMuslim tradersEast AfricansBring Islam to East Africa; positive effectPortugueseMutapa EmpirePortuguese interfere in Mutapa politics, influence ruler; negative effect
16Eastern City-States and Southern Empires HOME3Eastern City-States andSouthern EmpiresGRAPHSection3Assessment2. Compare the Portuguese who arrived in East Africa with the rulers of the Mutapa Empire. THINK ABOUT• how they treated other groups of people• what motivated their actionsANSWERPossible Responses:• Both were conquerors.• Both were interested in dominating trade and acquiring wealth.• Both tried to force other groups to do what they wanted.End of Section 3