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Societies and Empires of Africa, 800–1500 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION North and Central African Societies 1 SECTION West African.

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Presentation on theme: "Societies and Empires of Africa, 800–1500 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION North and Central African Societies 1 SECTION West African."— Presentation transcript:

1 Societies and Empires of Africa, 800–1500 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION North and Central African Societies 1 SECTION West African Empires and Civilizations 2 SECTION Eastern City-States and Southern Empires 3 15 CHAPTER MAP GRAPH

2 HOME Chapter Overview Africans develop different types of societies, including hunting-gathering and stateless societies south of the Sahara and in Muslim states in North Africa. Other African peoples form powerful empires and states in West, East, and southern Africa, growing rich through trade with Muslim merchants, who spread Islam. 15 CHAPTER Societies and Empires of Africa, 800–1500

3 800 Empire of Ghana thrives on trade Hausa city- states begin to emerge Muslim Almoravids conquer Ghana Ife established as a Yoruba kingdom Sundiata founds Mali Empire. 15 CHAPTER Time Line HOME 1324 Mali king Mansa Musa goes on hajj to Mecca Sunni Ali begins Songhai Empire. Societies and Empires of Africa, 800–1500

4 South of the Sahara, African peoples form hunting-gathering societies and stateless societies. In North Africa groups of Muslim reformers form two successive Muslim states, the Almoravid and Almohad empires. Overview Assessment Key Idea North and Central African Societies 1 HOME

5 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW North and central Africa developed hunting-gathering societies, stateless societies, and Muslim states. Modern African nations often must find ways to include these various peoples and traditions in one society. Overview North and Central African Societies 1 Assessment lineage stateless societies patrilineal matrilineal Maghrib Almoravids Almohads TERMS & NAMES HOME

6 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List characteristics of stateless societies. North and Central African Societies 1 Section 1 Assessment continued... HOME Stateless Societies Lineages share power No centralized authority Elders negotiate conflict Age-set system

7 2. In what ways are hunting-gathering societies and stateless societies similar? THINK ABOUT Section North and Central African Societies 1 1 Assessment family structures social structures methods of handling conflict ANSWER Both are based on extended family systems. Neither has a chief or centralized authority. Both try to talk out conflicts. Possible Responses: HOME End of Section 1

8 In West Africa three empires—Ghana, Mali, and Songhai—thrive by controlling the trade of gold and salt. Muslim merchants and teachers bring Islam to West Africa. Other major states develop there, including the Hausa city-states, the Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo, and Benin. Overview Assessment Key Idea West African Empires and Civilizations 2 HOME MAP

9 West African Empires and Civilizations 2 West Africa contained several powerful empires and states, including Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. These empires demonstrate the richness of African culture before European colonization. Overview Assessment Ghana Mali Sundiata Mansa Musa Ibn Battuta Songhai Hausa Yoruba Benin MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME MAP

10 West African Empires and Civilizations 2 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Compare the Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire. Section 2 Assessment continued... HOME Mali Songhai Both Revived salt/gold trade, had strict judicial system, built mosques, visited by Ibn Battuta Controlled Timbuktu, had strong leaders, created Muslim empires, dominated trade Broke away from Mali; had war canoes, mobile horseback fighters, and strong centralized government MAP

11 West African Empires and Civilizations 2 2. Which of the two—the Yoruba people or the people of Benin—had more influence on the other? Explain. THINK ABOUT Section 2 Assessment when the kingdoms flourished political traditions of each artistic traditions of each ANSWER continued... HOME The Yoruba people had more influence—their kingdoms flourished earlier. Benin’s kings claimed descent from a Yoruba king. Benin’s artists claimed to have learned from Yoruba artists. MAP Possible Responses:

12 Section West African Empires and Civilizations 2 2 Assessment ANSWER Controlling trade routes, because Ghana’s rulers could grow rich by taxing traders. The law that only the king could own gold nuggets, because it kept inflation down. Laws and practices ensuring fair trade and deterring bandits, because they helped trade thrive. Possible Responses: HOME End of Section 2 3. What do you think was the most effective method Ghana used to regulate its economy? Explain. THINK ABOUT trade routes ownership of gold taxes MAP

13 Cities on Africa’s east coast thrive on trade with Asia, using Swahili as a trade language. Muslim traders bring Islam to East Africa. The Shona states, Great Zimbabwe and Mutapa in southern Africa, control the gold trade from the interior to the east coast. Overview Assessment Key Idea Eastern City-States and Southern Empires 3 HOME GRAPH

14 From 1000 to 1500, East African city-states and southern African empires gained wealth and power through trade. The country of Zimbabwe and cities such as Mogadishu and Mombasa have their roots in this time period. Overview Assessment Swahili Great Zimbabwe Mutapa 3 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME Eastern City-States and Southern Empires GRAPH

15 3 1. Explain three examples of cultural interaction brought about by trade on the coast of East Africa. Indicate whether the interaction had a positive or negative effect. Section 3 Assessment HOME Eastern City-States and Southern Empires Muslim tradersEast Africans Bring Islam to East Africa; positive effect Cultural Group Resulting Interaction PortugueseMutapa Empire Portuguese interfere in Mutapa politics, influence ruler; negative effect Bantu speakersArabs Create Swahili; positive effect GRAPH

16 3 Section 3 Assessment ANSWER Both were conquerors. Both were interested in dominating trade and acquiring wealth. Both tried to force other groups to do what they wanted. Possible Responses: 2. Compare the Portuguese who arrived in East Africa with the rulers of the Mutapa Empire. THINK ABOUT how they treated other groups of people what motivated their actions HOME Eastern City-States and Southern Empires End of Section 3 GRAPH


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