Presentation on theme: "Encounters and Foundations to 1800 Introduction to the Literary Period"— Presentation transcript:
1Encounters and Foundations to 1800 Introduction to the Literary Period Feature MenuFast FactsKey Concept: Native Cultures Thrive in AmericaKey Concept: The Puritans Settle in New EnglandKey Concept: The Rise of RationalismYour Turn
2Encounters and Foundations to 1800 Fast Facts Historical HighlightsDekanawida, a Mohawk visionary, unites American Indian peoples with the Iroquois Confederacy, cPilgrims land at Plymouth in 1620.Colonists battle the British in the Revolutionary War from 1775 to 1783.
3Encounters and Foundations to 1800 Fast Facts Literary HighlightsColumbus’s journal, published in 1493, describes the North American continent and its people.Anne Bradstreet publishes the Tenth Muse in 1650.Benjamin Franklin publishes Poor Richard’s Almanac in 1732.[End of Section]
4Key Concept: Native Cultures Thrive in America History of the TimesBefore the first Europeans arrived, American Indians had lived here for thousands of years.The first interactions between Europeans and American Indians involved trading.
5Key Concept: Native Cultures Thrive in America History of the TimesMutual curiosity led to increasing interdependence between the cultures.The Granger Collection, New YorkEuropeans relied on American Indians to teach them survival skills.Indians were eager to acquire European firearms, textiles, and steel tools.Settlers, however, exposed native populations to diseases.
6Key Concept: Native Cultures Thrive in America Literature of the TimesNative American literature is rooted in oral tradition.Storytellers were highly valued by their communities.Oral traditions captured myths of origin and histories of certain Native American groups.Explorers wrote detailed accounts of the American Indians they encountered.Cabeza de Vaca in the Desert by Frederic Remington.
7Key Concept: Native Cultures Thrive in America Comprehension CheckWhat interactions took place between European settlers and Native Americans?[End of Section]7
8Key Concept: The Puritans Settle in New England History of the TimesThe Puritans’ moral, ethical, and religious convictions helped shape American character.Puritans believed in thrift, hard work, and self-sufficiency.They also believed that a spiritual contract existed between God and humanity.
9Key Concept: The Puritans Settle in New England History of the TimesIn the Mayflower Compact, the Puritans set out a new form of government.This contractual agreement became a model for American constitutional democracy.Because political authority was based on religious tenets, the political views of Puritans were sometimes uncompromising and harsh.
10Key Concept: The Puritans Settle in New England The Salem Witchcraft TrialsIn 1691, three women were accused of witchcraft.Within ten months, about 150 people had been accused; many were put to death.This mass hysteria may have resulted from a fear that extreme action was needed to save political unity.
11Key Concept: The Puritans Settle in New England Literature of the TimesThe Bible provided a model for Puritan writing.Each life was viewed as a journey to salvation, so Puritans connected Biblical events to events in their own lives.Diaries and histories were the most common forms of literature; they reflected a sense of intense piety and strict self-discipline.
12Key Concept: The Puritans Settle in New England Comprehension CheckExplain three ways in which Puritan beliefs influenced the colonists’ lives.[End of Section]12
13Key Concept: The Rise of Rationalism History of the TimesEuropean political and social turmoil led people to question the divine right of monarchs.A new movement, the Enlightenment, began to spread, fostering a belief in rationalism.Rationalists believe that reason and intellect, rather than revelation, lead to discoveries of scientific and spiritual truth.Inspired by rationalism, the founders of the new country set forth ideals of religious tolerance and individual liberty.
14Key Concept: The Rise of Rationalism Tinkerers and ExperimentersProminent American rationalists include: Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and Thomas Paine.Their writings reflect a rationalist worldview.The most prominent rationalist work was Franklin’s The AutobiographyBenjamin Franklin
15Key Concept: The Rise of Rationalism Forming a New NationInspired by rationalist thought, the founders signed the Declaration of Independence from Britain in 1776.Many of the arguments in the Declaration are based on rationalist beliefs.George Washington, a rationalist, was elected the first president of United States.George Washington“The Star Spangled Banner”
16Key Concept: The Rise of Rationalism Literature of the TimesMost American writing was in response to unfolding political and social events: independence from Britain, the struggle of women to gain equality with men, or the struggle of enslaved African Americans to end slavery.Pamphlets, letters, and poetry were popular forms of literature.The most famous piece of literature of the time period was Benjamin Franklin’s autobiography.
17Key Concept: The Rise of Rationalism Comprehension CheckHow did rationalism differ from Puritanism, and what effect did rationalism have on the new American political system?[End of Section]17
18Encounters and Foundations to 1800 Introduction to the Literary Period Your TurnWith a partner, summarize the main historical events and important pieces of literature that shaped this time period.Try to use the following Academic Vocabulary words in your analysis.aspect interpretcite perspectivecontemporary[End of Section]18