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NEW HIGHLIGHTS IN INTERNATIONAL AVIATION SAFETY Henry Gourdji Chief, Continuous Monitoring and Oversight Air Navigation Bureau The Sixth International.

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Presentation on theme: "NEW HIGHLIGHTS IN INTERNATIONAL AVIATION SAFETY Henry Gourdji Chief, Continuous Monitoring and Oversight Air Navigation Bureau The Sixth International."— Presentation transcript:

1 NEW HIGHLIGHTS IN INTERNATIONAL AVIATION SAFETY Henry Gourdji Chief, Continuous Monitoring and Oversight Air Navigation Bureau The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference 18 November 2013

2 Global & Regional “What” Global & Regional “What” Global Plans SARPs & PANS Training & Guidance “How and Whether” Training & Guidance “How and Whether” ImplementationImplementation “When” Assess & Measure if needed Compliance & Verification “Why” Needs Analysis The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference2

3 GASP Policy Principles 1.Commitment to the implementation of ICAO’s Strategic Objectives 2.Aviation safety is the highest priority 3.Tiered approach to safety planning 4.State Safety Programme and safety management systems 5.Global aviation safety priorities 6.GASP objectives and safety performance areas 7.Regional and State air navigation priorities 8.Use of objectives and safety performance areas 9.Cost/benefit and financial issues 10.Review and evaluation of aviation safety planning The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference3

4 The Tiered Approach VARYING NEEDS IMPROVEMENTIMPROVEMENT IMPLEMENTATION OF AN EFFECTIVE SAFETY OVERSIGHT SYSTEM FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ICAO STATE SAFETY PROGRAMME FRAMEWORK ADVANCED SAFETY OVERSIGHT SYSTEM INCLUDING PREDICTIVE RISK MANAGEMENT Varying needs of States No “one-size-fits-all” solution Varying needs of States No “one-size-fits-all” solution SSCs will be made available on the ICAO public website commencing in January 2014 The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference4

5 GASP Objectives and Priorities 5 PRIORITIESPRIORITIES RUNWAY SAFETY CONTROLLED FLIGHT INTO TERRAIN (CFIT) LOSS OF CONTROL - INFLIGHT Near-termMid-termLong-term The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

6 Global Safety Priorities Major improvements in the last decade due to: –Enhanced ground proximity warning systems –Glass cockpits, terrain alerting systems –Emphasis by ICAO, regulators and industry on education and training Several initiatives under consideration to increase situational awareness –Heads-up display, synthetic and enhanced visions systems 1. RUNWAY SAFETY 1. RUNWAY SAFETY 3. LOSS OF CONTROL - INFLIGHT 3. LOSS OF CONTROL - INFLIGHT Bringing the aviation community together to: – Review what has been done through Loss of Control and Recovery Training (LOCART) a collaboration of International regulators/experts; – Hear what is planned through the US FAA ARC and the International Committee for Aviation Training in Extended Envelope (Mar-Sep 2012); – Learn about new Licensing and training Standards in Annex 1 and Annex 6, Part 1 (Nov 2013); and – Agree on a global work programme for the future The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference6

7 EUR/NAT overview of accident categories Scheduled Commercial Traffic – MTOW > 2250 kg TOTAL: 158 Accidents, 449 Fatalities 7The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

8 EUR/NAT USOAP Results Effective Implementation by State % Effective Implementation Resolve ALL Significant Safety Concerns Increase the EI to no less than 60% by 2017 Focus on SSP and SMS implementation States with EI exceeding global average of 60% Armenia - Austria - Belgium - Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bulgaria Croatia - Cyprus - Czech Republic - Denmark - Estonia - Finland France - Germany - Greece - Hungary - Iceland - Ireland - Israel Italy - Kyrgyzstan - Latvia - Lithuania - Luxembourg - Malta Montenegro - Morocco - Netherlands - Norway - Poland - Portugal Romania - Russian Federation - Serbia - Slovakia - Slovenia - Spain Sweden - Switzerland - Tunisia - Turkey - Turkmenistan - UK Ukraine - Uzbekistan 8The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

9 Global USOAP Results Effective Implementation by ICAO Region % Effective Implementation World Average The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference9

10 Runway Safety Programme next steps Review and update runway safety products Update RSP web site with runway safety products Confirm 2014 events calendar Review RST survey results for analysis Revise and publish final RST Handbook Develop and agree schedule and priorities for work plan 2014 – 2015 (inputs and outputs) Develop and agree on RS taxonomy, indicators, metrics, targets & reporting Study iKit proposal The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference10

11 All Contracting States in the area of accreditation of EUR/NAT Office are automatically Members of the RASG-EUR Regional organizations, within the area of accreditation of the EUR/NAT Office of ICAO which have mechanisms in place for the management of aviation safety are entitled to participate as members in the RASG-EUR. RASG-EUR Composition 16 October 2013

12 a)to support the implementation of the GASP and the associated GASR in the EUR Region by ensuring effective coordination and cooperation between all stakeholders and monitoring progress in the implementation of the GASP and GASR; and b)as part of the GASP and GASR and building on the work already performed by States and regional organizations, to support the establishment and operation of performance-based safety systems within the Region. RASG-EUR Objectives 16 October 2013

13 RASG-EUR achievements Approval of RASG-EUR Procedural Handbook Creation of the ICAO EUR Regional Expert Safety Team (IE-REST), to support the development and implementation of safety enhancement initiatives (SEIs) and activities in the part of the ICAO EUR Region not covered by the regulatory framework of the EU/ EASA regulatory framework Endorsement of priorities for the IE-REST work programme Step taken for coordination and cooperation between RASG-EUR and PIRGs (mainly EANPG) 16 October 2013

14 Establishing Priorities and Targets RASGs already adopting GASP and regional priorities, metrics and targets AFI Region adopted in total (during Ministerial Meeting in 2012) - Key safety initiatives for AFI Plan MID Region adopted in total (during the DGCA meeting in May 2013) APAC Region adopted in total (during RASG-APAC/3 and DGCA/50 in July 2013) Pan America (partially adopted, in progress) - RASG-PA/6 in June 2013 agreed to adopt by October 2013 (postponed until early 2014) - NAM/CAR Regions: Within the current target timeframes - SAM Region: Pre-agreement at Safety Directors Meeting (Lima, October 2013), to be agreed at DGCA meeting (Bogotá, December 2013) EUR-NAT (partially adopted, in progress) - EU/NAT plans are within the current target timeframes - IE-REST/2 (Safety Team) in Sept 2013; RCOG in Dec 2013; RASG/EUR/3 to approve Feb 2014 Priorities, metrics, targets and results to be reported in the regional performance dashboards from March 2014 The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference14

15 Near Real-time Information Regional Progress Near Real-time Information Safety Dashboard for Africa –Beta version now live: –Shows the progress of Africa against the Abuja Ministerial Safety targets –Shows the ICAO safety audit results of States by regional grouping - by UN Africa, WACAF, ESAF, and RASG- AFI (more groupings in full release) –Ability to drill-down on each target to see specific details on metric used Remaining Dashboards: March 2014 The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference15

16 NewEnablers The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference16

17 Upper Age Limit Final Review Description Permits two year olds to be simultaneously at the controls (would remove the “one over one under” rule) Amends the 65 year limit for co- pilots from a Recommendation to a Standard (to ensure acceptability of foreign licensed co-pilots up to age 65 years) 17 Timelines 17 October 2013 –Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC Spring 2014 –Review by ICAO Council November 2014 (if adopted) –Applicability of new provision The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

18 Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT) Final Review Description Annex amendment details: –UPRT recommended for Commercial Pilot Licenses (Annex 1) –UPRT required for MPL and type-rating (Annex 1) –UPRT required for airline pilots (Annex 6, Part I) Guidance material emphasizing ‘Training to Proficiency’ – no testing Other Rollout: (pending funding) –Through the International Pilot Training Consortium (IPTC): Go teams, on-line academic module, proof of concept 18 Timelines 26 November 2013 –Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC December 2013 –Manual of Upset Prevention and Recovery Training 1 st Quarter 2014 –Manual of Criteria for the Qualification of Flight Simulation Training Devices May 2014 –Loss of Control Inflight (LOC-I) Symposium, Montréal November 2014 (if adopted) –Applicability of new provision The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

19 Paperless Aircraft Operations Final Review Description Standards for Electronic Flight Bags (EFBs) for commercial, general, and helicopter operations (Annex 6 Parts I, II & III) Enabler for replacing paper in the cockpit Outlines the means for: –replacing hard copies of documents that are required to be on-board –replacing hard copies of other documents that are not subject to regulations 19 Timelines 26 November 2013 –Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC July 2014 –Manual on EFBs November 2014 (if adopted) –Applicability of new provision The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

20 AOC Database A38 Updates Description Technical Commission agreed and supported actions proposed in A38 working papers (A38-WP/90 and A38- WP126 by IATA): –Urge Member States to use AOC register –Urge Member States to take voluntary measures to accelerate data entry process and increase safety and efficiency benefits of AOC register –Instruct ICAO to continue working on a concerted roll-out and implementation of AOC register 20 Timelines Completed –Functionality improvements based on the feedback from the initial roll-out States In cooperation with IATA, Go Teams to conduct workshops in all regions –November 2013: Lima –2014: 5 workshops throughout the year The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

21 Other Annex 6 Amendments Final Review Description Updated Head-up and Enhanced Vision Systems Standards to promote operational credits –Will enable equipped aircrafts to compensate for fewer facilities on the ground New Dangerous Goods (DG) standards for commercial operations (Annex 6, Part I) –Clarifies responsibilities for operators with regards to the transport of DG –All operators have responsibilities whether approved to transport DG or not –No changes to current practices 21 Timelines 26 November 2013 –Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC November 2014 –Update of the Manual on All Weather Operations –Article in the ICAO Journal November 2014 (if adopted) –Applicability of new provision The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

22 Improved Efficiency of En-Route Operations Through the Availability of User-Preferred Routing Final Review Description Reduced separation using in-trail procedures allows for minimum to reduce as low as 10NM. First operational benefit to improve efficiency using ADS-B IN 22 Timelines 15 October 2013 –Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC 1 st Quarter 2014 –In-trail procedure Circular (CIR325) November 2014 (if adopted) –Applicability of new provision The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

23 Procedures When Volcanic Ash is Reported or Forecast Final Review Description Enhance operations through improved coordination and pilot and controller procedures Aircraft operators will asses the safety risk of flight operations in areas forecast to be affected by volcanic ash using SMS principles The amendment clarifies controller responsibilities 23 Timelines Started –Update of State and Regional contingency plan 15 October 2013 –Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC November 2014 (if adopted) –Applicability of new provisio n The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

24 Micro Offsets to Improve Safety Final Review Description Strategic lateral offset procedures (SLOP) extended to cover airspace where 6NM-30NM lateral separation minima apply. 24 Timelines 15 October 2013 –Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC 4 th Quarter 2013 –Circular November 2014 (if adopted) –Applicability of new provision The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

25 New and Improved Instrument Procedure Design Criteria that Supports PBN Specifications Final Review Description Rationalization of Procedure Design Identification and charting –Conversion of RNAV to RNP approaches Flight procedure to support 4 new navigation specifications Improved Baro-VNAV design criteria Improved SBAS/GBAS performance requirements Improved Helicopter criteria –Vertical guidance –Departures to the en-route environment 25 Timelines 19 November 2013 –Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC 1 December 2013 –ICAO Circular on RNAV to RNP Approach identification transition November 2014 (if adopted) –Applicability of new provision The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

26 Multi-Crew Pilot License (MPL) Description ICAO made a commitment to the aviation community to review MPL concept MPL is first new ICAO license in over 40 years Launched 7 years ago Upcoming MPL Symposium will include exhibition of MPL training devices and programmes –Desired outcomes: Assess MPL implementation, identification of issues and future direction for MPL 26 Timelines 10 – 12 December 2013 –MPL Symposium, Montréal The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

27 Key Global Events The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

28 Next Steps ICAO High Level Safety Conference Making Information Sharing a Reality ICAO privileges may provide a protected environment vital to support information sharing initiatives Working together, we can effectively govern access to shared data and analytic output We can start now - with a “proof-of- concept” study on issues such as Loss of Separation, LOC-I or CFIT events The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference28

29 Other Emerging Issues being reviewed Cargo SafetyCargo Safety Space-based ADS-BSpace-based ADS-B Commercial SpaceCommercial Space Cyber SecurityCyber Security 29The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

30 30 1.Commitment to the Implementation of ICAO’s Strategic Objectives and KPAs 2.Aviation Safety is the Highest Priority 3.Tiered Approach to Air Navigation Planning 4.Global Air Traffic Management Operational Concept (GATMOC) 5.Global Air Navigation Priorities 6.Regional and State Air Navigation Priorities 7.Aviation System Block Upgrades (ASBUs), Modules and Roadmaps 8.Use of ASBU Blocks and Modules 9.Cost Benefit and Financial issues 10.Review and Evaluation of Air Navigation Planning GANP Policy Principles Establish Principles and Priorities The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

31 Today’s Air Navigation Priorities 31 PRIORITIESPRIORITIES PERFORMANCE BASED NAVIGATION (PBN) CONTINUOUS DESCENT AND CLIMB OPERATIONS (CDO/CCO) AIR TRAFFIC FLOW MANAGEMENT & COLLABORATIVE DECISION-MAKING (ATFM/CDM) The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

32 Planned Contents Global Air Navigation Challenges and Context How we measure up against those challenges Operational measures for a performance improvement –Simple tools like IFSET to measure improvements Best practices; plans for key demonstrations Next steps for Block 1 modules Inaugural - April 2014 Air Navigation Report The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference32

33 Linked Regional Performance Dashboards Measuring what we are doing –Taking a baseline before intervention –Measuring the effect of the operational improvement –Making the results transparent 33The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference

34 Thank You 34The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference


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