Agenda: Moroccan Crises Algeciras Agadir Balkan Crises Bosnia 1st Balkan War 2nd Balkan War
Moroccan Crises: France, Britain, Germany 1st Moroccan Crisis 1905-06 German test of new Entente Cordiale French establishing control:PoliceBanks Kaiser lands at Tangier Speech for Independent Sultanate of Morocco Demands:Conference Resignation of Delcassé
Björko Agreement 1905: Russia/Germany - Failed Short Lived German Success Algeçiras Conference - 1906 Overwhelming German Failure Germany only has Austria/Morocco French have 9 nations support Germany: Equal trading rights French: Banks French/Spanish: Police Results of the treaty:
1911 Riots in Fez - French put them down Second Moroccan Crisis - 1911 French violating Algeçiras (1906) Kinderlen-WachterGerman Foreign Minister Sends the Panther to Agadir French ready to negotiate No Russian support David Lloyd George: Chancellor of the Exchequer "Not be treated where her interests were vitally affected as if she were of no account"
Results: British Prevent German from success French establish Protectorate (Secret Agreement in Entente Cordiale) German get land in French Congo
South Slav Movement in Austria Bosnia Crisis 3 Balkan Crises: Second Balkan War Lead up: Want an independent state – Serbia Croats/Slovenians – Roman Catholic Serbian/Bosnians – Eastern Orthodox First Balkan War
Bosnia Crisis 1908-1909 Young Turks revolt - Take over Ottoman Empire Establish Parliament Install seats for Bosnia/Bulgaria Bulgaria and Crete win independence from OE Meanwhile.... In Buchlau: Russia agrees to Austrian annexation of Bosnia Austria agrees to help Russian warships through Bosporous/Dardanelles Austria annexes Bosnia/Herzegovina Austria does not help Russia in the Straits Russia moves toward French/English Ententes
First Balkan War: 1912 1911-1912 - Italy invades Libya Embarrasses Ottoman Empire Bulgaria sees an Opportunity Marches down Balkan Peninsula Knocking on Constantinople Armistice with Turkey 1913 - Treaty of London Turks give up Balkans except Bosporous/Dardanelles Albania Set up
Great Power Issues of the First Balkan War Austria: Fears strong Serbia, which occupies part of Albania Wants to make independent Albania Russia: Opposes independent Albania - Serbian Interests Concerned about the fall of Constantinople Austrian Troops mobilized to Russian Border Alliance System: Germany ready to back Austria Activate alliances British will back France/Russia "Not remain neutral in conflict"
Second Balkan Crisis - July 1913 Bulgaria feels cheated - Begins marching west Serbia threatened - Greece, Romania, and Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Defeated Treaty of Bucharest 1913 Increased territory of Serbia, Greece, Romania Treaty of Constantinople - 1913 Ottoman Empire takes land back from Bulgaria
Second Balkan Crisis Results Austria is the big loser Serbia emerges stronger has the backing of other Balkan nations