Presentation on theme: "The Crises of Morocco and the Balkans. Agenda: Moroccan Crises Algeciras Agadir Balkan Crises Bosnia 1st Balkan War 2nd Balkan War."— Presentation transcript:
The Crises of Morocco and the Balkans
Agenda: Moroccan Crises Algeciras Agadir Balkan Crises Bosnia 1st Balkan War 2nd Balkan War
Moroccan Crises: France, Britain, Germany 1st Moroccan Crisis German test of new Entente Cordiale French establishing control:PoliceBanks Kaiser lands at Tangier Speech for Independent Sultanate of Morocco Demands:Conference Resignation of Delcassé
Björko Agreement 1905: Russia/Germany - Failed Short Lived German Success Algeçiras Conference Overwhelming German Failure Germany only has Austria/Morocco French have 9 nations support Germany: Equal trading rights French: Banks French/Spanish: Police Results of the treaty:
1911 Riots in Fez - French put them down Second Moroccan Crisis French violating Algeçiras (1906) Kinderlen-WachterGerman Foreign Minister Sends the Panther to Agadir French ready to negotiate No Russian support David Lloyd George: Chancellor of the Exchequer "Not be treated where her interests were vitally affected as if she were of no account"
Results: British Prevent German from success French establish Protectorate (Secret Agreement in Entente Cordiale) German get land in French Congo
South Slav Movement in Austria Bosnia Crisis 3 Balkan Crises: Second Balkan War Lead up: Want an independent state – Serbia Croats/Slovenians – Roman Catholic Serbian/Bosnians – Eastern Orthodox First Balkan War
Bosnia Crisis Young Turks revolt - Take over Ottoman Empire Establish Parliament Install seats for Bosnia/Bulgaria Bulgaria and Crete win independence from OE Meanwhile.... In Buchlau: Russia agrees to Austrian annexation of Bosnia Austria agrees to help Russian warships through Bosporous/Dardanelles Austria annexes Bosnia/Herzegovina Austria does not help Russia in the Straits Russia moves toward French/English Ententes
First Balkan War: Italy invades Libya Embarrasses Ottoman Empire Bulgaria sees an Opportunity Marches down Balkan Peninsula Knocking on Constantinople Armistice with Turkey Treaty of London Turks give up Balkans except Bosporous/Dardanelles Albania Set up
Great Power Issues of the First Balkan War Austria: Fears strong Serbia, which occupies part of Albania Wants to make independent Albania Russia: Opposes independent Albania - Serbian Interests Concerned about the fall of Constantinople Austrian Troops mobilized to Russian Border Alliance System: Germany ready to back Austria Activate alliances British will back France/Russia "Not remain neutral in conflict"
Second Balkan Crisis - July 1913 Bulgaria feels cheated - Begins marching west Serbia threatened - Greece, Romania, and Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Defeated Treaty of Bucharest 1913 Increased territory of Serbia, Greece, Romania Treaty of Constantinople Ottoman Empire takes land back from Bulgaria
Second Balkan Crisis Results Austria is the big loser Serbia emerges stronger has the backing of other Balkan nations