2Agenda:Moroccan CrisesAlgecirasAgadirBalkan CrisesBosnia1st Balkan War2nd Balkan War
31st Moroccan Crisis 1905-06 Moroccan Crises: France, Britain, Germany French establishing control:PoliceBanksGerman test of new Entente CordialeKaiser lands at TangierSpeech for Independent Sultanate of MoroccoDemands:ConferenceResignation of Delcassé
4Björko Agreement 1905: Russia/Germany - Failed Short Lived German SuccessAlgeçiras ConferenceOverwhelming German FailureFrench have 9 nations supportGermany only has Austria/MoroccoResults of the treaty:French/Spanish: PoliceFrench: BanksGermany: Equal trading rights
5Second Moroccan Crisis - 1911 1911 Riots in Fez - French put them downGerman Foreign MinisterKinderlen-WachterFrench violating Algeçiras (1906)Sends the Panther to AgadirFrench ready to negotiateNo Russian supportDavid Lloyd George:Chancellor of the Exchequer"Not be treated where her interests were vitally affected as if she were of no account"
6Results: British Prevent German from success French establish Protectorate(Secret Agreement in Entente Cordiale)German get land in French Congo
73 Balkan Crises: Lead up: Bosnia Crisis First Balkan War Second Balkan WarLead up:South Slav Movement in AustriaWant an independent state –SerbiaSerbian/Bosnians –Eastern OrthodoxCroats/Slovenians –Roman Catholic
9Bosnia Crisis 1908-1909 Young Turks revolt - Take over Ottoman Empire Establish Parliament Install seats for Bosnia/BulgariaBulgaria and Crete win independence from OEMeanwhile.... In Buchlau:Russia agrees to Austrian annexation ofBosniaAustria agrees to help Russian warships through Bosporous/DardanellesAustria annexes Bosnia/HerzegovinaAustria does not help Russia in the StraitsRussia moves toward French/English Ententes
11First Balkan War: 1912 1911-1912 - Italy invades Libya Embarrasses Ottoman EmpireBulgaria sees an OpportunityMarches down Balkan PeninsulaKnocking on ConstantinopleArmistice with TurkeyTreaty of LondonAlbania Set upTurks give up Balkans exceptBosporous/Dardanelles
12Great Power Issues of the First Balkan War Austria: Fears strong Serbia, which occupies part of AlbaniaWants to make independent AlbaniaRussia: Opposes independent Albania - Serbian InterestsConcerned about the fall of ConstantinopleAustrian Troops mobilized to Russian BorderAlliance System: Germany ready to back AustriaActivate alliancesBritish will back France/Russia"Not remain neutral in conflict"
13Second Balkan Crisis - July 1913 Bulgaria feels cheated - Begins marching westBulgaria DefeatedSerbia threatened - Greece, Romania, and Ottoman EmpireTreaty of Bucharest 1913Treaty of ConstantinopleIncreased territory of Serbia, Greece, RomaniaOttoman Empire takes land back from Bulgaria
14Second Balkan Crisis Results Austria is the big loserSerbia emerges strongerhas the backing of other Balkan nations