Presentation on theme: "Danube River Basin Study Sili Liu Example of international basin-wide watershed management."— Presentation transcript:
Danube River Basin Study Sili Liu Example of international basin-wide watershed management
Geographic Scope Issues Ecosystem Water Quality Groundwater Management History Institution Achievements
Geographic Scope 801,463Km 2 Second Largest Danube River: 2,857 Km long 1.5 m wide 83 million people
Including Countries Germany (DE) Austria (AT) Czech Republic (CZ), Slovakia (SK) Hungary (HU), Slovenia (SI) Croatia (HR) Bosnia-Herzegovina (BA) Serbia-Montenegro (CS) Romania (RO) Bulgaria (BG) Moldova (MD) Ukraine (UA) as well as Switzerland, Italy, Poland, Albania, and Macedonia (with very small shares). Contribution of basin area of each country (%)
Contribution of water from each country (%) to the Danube
Issues 1. Ecosystem 2,000 vascular plants Increasing Human Impact Pollution from industrial, agriculture, municipalities Transportation Tourism Fishing more than 5,000 animal species Floodplains and wetlands are facing great pressure
Issues 2. Water pollution and water quality Nutrients: N, P Hazardous Substances Eutrophication Organic Pollution Point Source None Point Source Accidental Spills
Issues 3. Groundwater Insufficient wastewater collection and treatment on the municipal level; Insufficient wastewater treatment at industrial premises; Water pollution caused by intensive agriculture and livestock breeding; Inappropriate waste disposal sites.
Management History of management of the basin European Commission ( 1856 )-Free Navigation Environmental Program for the Danube River Basin (Sofia, 1991)-Interim Task Force Strategic Action Plan (SAP) Interim Task Force, 1993 meeting Strategic Action Plan Implementation Program (SIP) ( 1996) The Danube Pollution Reduction Program (DPRP) (1997) The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) (1998)
Management Institutions Germany, Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania EU-WFD Directive Main implementing body Promoting policies Setting priorities and strategies Data collection and management
Management Funding Partners: The Global Environment Facility The European Union's PHARE and TACIS Programs The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development The World Bank Austria Netherlands United States The private Barbara Gauntlett Foundation.
Management Achievements Regular meeting Data share Public participation Publication Short term and long term strategies
Discussion What can we learn from the management system in the DRB? What advantages do you think can be applied to other international river basin? Do you think countries that have a larger area should be more responsible for the sustainable development of the DRB? In what way do you think the public can take part in the protection program of the DRB?