Presentation on theme: " Learning Objectives: Describe the major physical features and climates of the region and understand their significance for tourism Understand the role."— Presentation transcript:
1The Tourism Geography of Eastern Europe, Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
2 Learning Objectives:Describe the major physical features and climates of the region and understand their significance for tourismUnderstand the role of Communism in promoting social and economic change in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet UnionBe aware of the emergence of countries in the region as market economies and the consequent effects on the organisation of tourism and tourist flowsRecognize the importance and social character of domestic tourism in these countriesUnderstand that outbound tourism has been mainly directed toward other destinations within the region. But since the collapse of Communism travellers are venturing further afieldAppreciate the role of inbound tourism in boosting national economiesRecognize the problem s of pollution in many areas due to the legacy of relying on outdated heavy industryAppreciate that, with the collapse of the Communist system, the cultural differences between the various countries are now more important than the similaritiesDemonstrate a knowledge of the tourist regions, resorts, business centres and tourist attractions of Eastern Europe, Russia and the other countries of the CIS.
3Eastern Europe: Introduction Baltic to Black SeaCommunist Bloc3 sub regions:
4The first group of countries – the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland and the Baltic States – are the most advanced economically and have long had a strong cultural orientation towards the West, and the same is true of Slovenia and Croatia in the former Yugoslavia.The second group consists of the countries of the Balkan Peninsula where the influence of the Orthodox Church and Islam have been dominant in the past, namely Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Serbia and the other republics of the former Yugoslavia.The third group extends well beyond Europe to the Pacific Ocean in northern Asia – this includes Russia and the other countries that make up the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
5Czech Republic Formed 1993 Spas CTA and Cedok Strong inbound demand Strong domestic demandResourcesMountains/forestHiking/SkiingSouthern BohemiaPrague
6SlovakiaResourcesThe High Tatras on the border with Poland, which contain the highest peaks of the Carpathians. Apart from the superb lake and mountain scenery, the area can provide some of the best skiing to be found in Eastern Europe.The karst limestone region of eastern Slovakia, which boasts the spectacular UNESCO-listed Dobsina ice cave as well as waterfalls and rock formations.The spas of western Slovakia, the most important being Piestany, which attracts large numbers of wealthy Arab and German tourists.Bratislava and southern Slovakia, which forms part of the Danube Plain. Bratislava is known primarily as a modern industrial city and its cultural attractions have been overshadowed by those of Prague. It is now a major port, thanks to the controversial power project on the Danube at Gabcikovo which, in taming the river, also threatens to destroy the wetland environment of the area.
7Hungary Tourism important in economy Successful inbound industry Privatised industryHungarian National Tourist OfficeResourcesSpasBudapestLake BalatonGreat Hungarian Plain
8Poland Large Country Recent increase in tourism Tourism Development AgencyResourcesBaltic CoastLake CountryLake DistrictMountainsWarsawKrakow
10Romania Largest country in region Latin culture Invested in tourism ResourcesBlack Sea CoastCarpathiansMoldaviaBucharest
11Bulgaria Small country Spas Black Sea Coast Winter sports Special interest
12Republic of Former Yugoslavia Complex political historyPopular destinationsCroatiaAdriatic CoastIstrian PeninsulaDalmatian CoastSloveniaWinter sportsLake resortsYugoslav FederationMontenegroSerbiaMacedoniaBosnia HerzegovinaAlbania
13The CIS Russia Physical features Cultural features Transport Demand Domestic/outboundinbound
14CIS: Resources St. Petersburg Moscow Golden Ring of Towns Kaliningrad Black Sea CoastCaucasusSiberiaLake BaikalKamchatkaFar EastArctic
15CIS: Resources Ukraine Belarus Moldova Transcaucasia Georgia Armenia AbkhaziaAdzhariaHigh CaucasusTblisi and KutaisiArmeniaAzerbaijanCentral Asia Republic