Outline UNMIK/Four Pillars Situation Upon Initial Entry Humanitarian Projects KFOR MNB CIMIC Projects Security Issues Continued Areas of Concern KFOR ARRC
Kosovo Situation A Military Operation with a Civil-Military Endstate IO/NGO Situation is Evolving UNMIK is the Lead Civilian Organization with 4 Pillars: –UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) –Civil Administration –Organization for Security in Central Europe (OSCE) –European Union (EU)
UNMIK Strategic Objectives Promote Establishment of Self-Government in Kosovo Perform Basic Civil Administration Organize and Oversee Development of Provisional Institutions Transfer Administrative Responsibilities to Kosovo Locals Facilitate Political Process designed to determine Kosovo’s Future Status
Strategic Objectives (continued) Oversee Transfer of Authority to Institutions Established under Political Settlement Support Reconstruction of Infrastructure Support Humanitarian and Disaster Relief Aid Assist in Maintaining Law and Order
KFOR Initial Entry End of a 78 day NATO bombing campaign. Serb VJ evacuating the Province. Approximately 850,000 Refugees in FYROM, Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia, Host Countries. No Civil Administration or Public Order/Safety in Kosovo Province. No Public Service: –Police, Fire Fighting, Utilities, Medical
COMKFOR’s Mission KFOR, in accordance with UNSCR 1244, is to: –Establish & maintain a secure environment, including Public Safety & Order. –Monitor, verify & when necessary enforce compliance with the conditions of the Military Technical Agreement (MTA) & the UCK Undertaking. –Provide assistance to the United Nation Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) including core civil functions until transferred. In Order to Facilitate Peace & Stability in Kosovo.
Macedonia 1 Turkey recognizes the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name. KOSOVO MONTENEGRO SERBIA 180K SERBS AND ROMA (UNHCR) 180K SERBS AND ROMA (UNHCR) BOSNIA NATO UNCLASSIFIEDAS OF 18 AUG 99 HEP: ~ 46 K REFUGEES IN 29 HOST COUNTRIES ~ 46,500 RETURNED HEP: ~ 46 K REFUGEES IN 29 HOST COUNTRIES ~ 46,500 RETURNED ALBANIA FYROM 1 LESS THAN 46K REFUGEES IN THE 4 COUNTRIES Refugee Situation
FYROM MONTENEGR O ALBANIA 354 (11-17 AUG) (UNHCR) 431,900 2,010 (06 AUG-11 AUG) ( EMG) 472,295 TOTAL RETURNS 761,600 390 (11-17 AUG) 55,700 190 (11-17 AUG) 217,200 RETURNED TO KOSOVOTOTAL RETURNS TO KOSOVO Refugee Flow
Shelter Initiatives Shelter kits - 74,000 Lumber for roofs - 8,000 homes Host family system - need incentives Japanese prefabricated shelters - 500 Collective Center System - 7,000 Identification of additional CCS UNHCR, OFDA, ECHO each share 1/3 responsibility
UNICEF School Assessment 394 assessed in 16 of 29 municipalities 43% are completely destroyed or severely damaged 38% need new roofs 42% need to be checked for/cleared of mines 2% of the schools have functioning indoor toilets. Virtually all need desks, chairs and blackboards UNICEF Preliminary survey of Primary schools: Roofing Assessment Fine as is 62% Need New Roof 38% Damage Assessment Useable 57% Complete or Severe Damage 43% Require EOD Clearance Cleared 58% Still to be Cleared 42%
Kosovo Schools Adopted - KFOR, UNICEF, NGOs Not Adopted
School Assistance KFOR has Sponsored 248 Schools under the Adopt a School Program.
Non-Adopted Schools Category 1 or 2 Category 3 or 4 Category 5
MAJOR HUMANITARIAN/CIVIC ACTIONS MNB North (FR)/85 CIMIC Pax Co-op with Peace Wind Japan to set up 500 pre-fab winter homes Local water distribution in Mitrovica Transport of food and camp supplies for UNHCR to Pasoma Reintegration of Serbs, Albanians into Fire Service Freedom of Movement in Mitrovica Restoration of water pumping station at Srbica School assessments Emergency HA operations vicinity Vucitrn
MAJOR HUMANITARIAN/CIVIC ACTIONS MNB West (IT/SP)/ 41 CIMIC Pax Cleansing of Pec Medical routine and emergency help Supporting build up of refugee camp in Loda Restoration of schools in co-op with MNB C Italian Red Cross hospital in Pec.
MAJOR HUMANITARIAN/CIVIC ACTIONS MNB South (GE) / 100 CIMIC Pax GE Field kitchen provides 8000 hot meals per day. Restoring 200 homes in Landovic Restoring over 800 homes in Musutiste Restoration of the hospital in Malisevo. New landfill for city of Prizren GE EOD teams clearing all 41 public schools in Prizren. Local water supply in Suva Reka and Orahovac “FILMAID” prevents fires in Prizren
MAJOR HUMANITARIAN/CIVIC ACTIONS MNB Central (UK)/ 11 CIMIC Pax Kosovo A and B power plants Local water distribution in Pristina Restoration of railroad system Pristina Bus Service Pristina Fire Service Repair of local schools Restoration of PTT infrastructure and organizing the native labors Providing security at Roma camp in Oblici Health Clinics with Medicins du Monde Glazing/Weather-proofing local shops
MAJOR HUMANITARIAN/CIVIC ACTIONS MNB East (US) / 57 CIMIC Pax Major electric repairs within hospital in Urosevac Placed a refrig van as morgue for the hospital in Gnjilane Restoration of electric distribution grid in Urosevac Restoring electric to Strpce Security for Serbs and Albanians farmers as part of Coop Harvest Providing fuel for farm equipment Adopted 30 schools within AOR Working to reopen local factories with mixed work force
Continued Areas of Concern Security for Minorities Winterization Program - Above 900m is Priority UCK Compliance with K+90 (Demilitarization) UNMIK Assuming its CIVIL ADMIN Responsibilities Opening of Schools