Presentation on theme: "Albania Land-of-Eagles. Language Official Language: Albanian Dialects: Gheg & Tosk 36 letters in Albanian alphabet Albanian is an Indo-European language,"— Presentation transcript:
Language Official Language: Albanian Dialects: Gheg & Tosk 36 letters in Albanian alphabet Albanian is an Indo-European language, but one without relatives
Language StandardToskësishtGegënishtEnglish Shqipëri ShqypníAlbania një nji / njâone nëntë nândënine emër êmënname pjekuri pjekunimellowness zogzokzogbird mbret mret/regjking për të punuar me punueto work qenëqënëkjênë / kânëto be mundem mûjI can Letter:ABCÇD DhDh EËFG GjGj HIJKL LlLl MN NjNj OPQR RrRr S ShSh T ThTh UVX XhXh YZ ZhZh ValueValue:ab t͡st͡s t͡ʃt͡ʃ dðeəf ɡɟ hijkl ɫ mn ɲ opc ɾ rs ʃ tθuv d͡zd͡z d͡ʒd͡ʒ yz ʒ
Religion Religion not a big factor 1119 churches 638 mosques Major Religions: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%
Education High literacy rate Similarities and Differences Leaving Certificate Maturity Certificate Higher Education
Economy Average wages were $3.83 per manhour in 2009. In 2009, Albania was the only country in Europe, together with San Marino and Liechtenstein, to have economic growth 20% of the labor force works abroad Unemployment 13.3% (2010)
Economy Energy Production limits growth Hydroelectric: 97% Fossil Fuel: 3% In 2008, vast and untouched deposits of oil & natural gas were discovered in northern Albania.
Economy Agriculture Products: wheat, maize, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products 50% of the labor force work in agriculture, mostly family owned farms
Economy 1 US dollar = 106.86 Albanian Lekes (April 2012)
Geography Illyrians 1200 BCE (proto-Albanians) 5 million Ethnic Albanians
Geography The Balkan region is a triangular peninsula Black, Aegean, Mediterranean and Adriatic Seas Danube Valley of Hungary Steppes of Ukraine
Modern History Albania & Kosovo as part of Yugoslavia after World War II Albania & Kosovo during the Slobodan Milosevic’s regime People entered refugee camps in the neighboring countries.
Kosovo Is Kosovo a part of Albania? Is Kosovo a part of Serbia? Are Kosovars also descendant from Illyrians (proto- Albanians in the area since 1200 BCE)? Who lived in Kosovo first, Illyrians or Serbs? 1.7 million Albanians live in Kosovo, a majority population. What is the significance of Kosovo?
Culture Major Ethnic Groups: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% - Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian. Law-Besa, an Albanian takes both his honor and his life. Greetings, Personal Space & Touching, Views of Time, Gender Issues, Gestures, Law & Order, Dress, School, Socializing, Foreigners
Notable People Mother Teresa- Humanist SkenderbeuSkenderbeu- Prince of Albania "I have not brought you liberty, I found it here, among you” Enver Hoxha -Dictator. Ibrahim Rugova- Leader and publicist.
Holidays April 7 st Easter day Ramadan. March 8 th Mothers day. May 1 st Labor day. Christmas Day New Year's Day November 28 TH Albanian independency February 17 th Kosovo independency