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Housing and Urban Planning. Introduction MARRI > WT II Partners Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up.

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Presentation on theme: "Housing and Urban Planning. Introduction MARRI > WT II Partners Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up."— Presentation transcript:

1 Housing and Urban Planning

2 Introduction MARRI > WT II Partners Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions Activities in 2004 Housing Programme Development, Montenegro Regional approach to Informal Settlements Resolution & prevention of informal settlements Housing/Urban Management capacity building

3 Activities in 2004 Housing Programme Development, Montenegro Ministry of Environmental Protection & Urban Planning (MEUP) 1st national roundtable (July 2004) 4 thematic working sessions with 4 working groups > Issue & position papers 2nd national roundtable (Dec 2004) > Draft HP GoM approval Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

4 Activities in 2004 Housing Programme Development, Montenegro Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

5 Informal Settlements Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions Definition (Vienna Declaration) Settlements, which for a variety of reasons do not meet requirements for legal recognition Informal or insecure land tenure, inadequate access to basic services, both social & physical infrastructure and housing finance. Significant regional diversity in terms of their manifestation

6 Informal Settlements Root causes Rapid urbanisation (rural-urban migration) Public sector failure in housing sector Access to housing Land information & registration Access to housing finance Inadequate frameworks & procedures Inappropriate urban planning methods Human/finacial capacity constraints Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

7 Informal Settlements Informal Settlements > Physical expression Unplanned, spontaneous housing development expressed in variety of typologies: Poverty issue > basic shelter need  Fringes of cities Pass over of procedures  Fringes of cities / Inner city locations Unlawful investments  Inner city location / Scenic attraction Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

8 Urban growth (Tirana) Housing and Urban Planning Urban slums (Belgrade) Informal housing in Montenegro (Podgorica)Unplanned settlements (Sarajevo / Podgorica) & illegal electricity connectionPublic resistance / participation (Albania)… and informal housing in Montenegro (Podgorica / Bar) Steps of illegal land occupation Bathore informal settlements (Greater Tirana area)

9 Bathore informal settlements (Greater Tirana area) Housing and Urban Planning Urban slums (Belgrade) Informal housing in Montenegro (Podgorica)Unplanned settlements (Sarajevo / Podgorica) & illegal electricity connectionPublic resistance / participation (Albania)… and informal housing in Montenegro (Podgorica / Bar) Steps of illegal land occupation

10 Housing and Urban Planning Urban slums (Belgrade) Informal housing in Montenegro (Podgorica)Unplanned settlements (Sarajevo / Podgorica) & illegal electricity connectionPublic resistance / participation (Albania)… and informal housing in Montenegro (Podgorica / Bar)

11 Housing and Urban Planning Urban slums (Belgrade) Unplanned settlements (Sarajevo / Podgorica) & illegal electricity connectionPublic resistance / participation (Albania)

12 Informal housing in Montenegro (Podgorica) Housing and Urban Planning Urban slums (Belgrade) Unplanned settlements (Sarajevo / Podgorica) & illegal electricity connectionPublic resistance / participation (Albania)

13 … and informal housing in Montenegro (Podgorica / Bar) Housing and Urban Planning Urban slums (Belgrade) Informal housing in Montenegro (Podgorica)Unplanned settlements (Sarajevo / Podgorica) & illegal electricity connectionPublic resistance / participation (Albania)

14 Housing and Urban Planning Unplanned settlements (Sarajevo / Podgorica) & illegal electricity connection

15 Housing and Urban Planning Unplanned settlements (Sarajevo / Podgorica) & illegal electricity connection Public resistance / participation (Albania)

16 Informal Settlements Informal Settlements > Related problems Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions Public sector - Urban sprawl - High infrastructure costs - Revenue (tax, fees) - Informal economy - Public resistance - Environmental issues - Vital urban (and overall economic) development hampered Informal dwellers + Dwelling - Access to urban services - Access to social infrastructure - Tenure security (Eviction or demolition, recognition of basic rights) - Dwelling not considered an economic asset / collateral - Danger of socio-economic segregation > Resolution of backlog & prevention through implementation of responsive policies & programmes

17 Activities in 2004 Regional two-level approach & Ministerial Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions Committment & National policy development Implementation: Regional concept for housing & urban management capacity building (gov/mun) Vienna Declaration Regional Capacity Building Capacity Assessment > Report Ministerial conference on informal settlements in SEE 28 Sept – 01 Oct 2004 NAT LOC

18 Activities in 2004 Conclusions of Ministerial Conference Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions Different types of informal settlements Planning processes action oriented Financial opportunities for infrastructure upgrading Legal framework to be utilised as best as possible Capacity building Conference on municipal management and decentralisation

19 Follow-up actions (Conference) General Summary proceedings / conclusions Online publication of presentations & conclusions Analysis & evaluation > publication early 2005 Follow-up meeting in early 2005 (Podgorica?) Discussion of regional conference on urban management (earmarked for late 2005) with potential partners Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

20 Follow-up actions (Conference) Capacity Building Instrument Draft programme proposal by end-Nov 2004 Establish Peer Review Group in December 2004 Timeframe for final programme prop.: end of 2004 Approval of final programme proposal by regional partners in early 2005 Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

21 Follow-up actions (Conference) Capacity Building Instrument Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

22 Government of Macedonia Support national housing policy action plan Government of Serbia Support housing policy and programme development UN-Habitat Structural co-operation in region (capacity building, joint fundraising) CEB Discussion of SP Housing support in preparation of feasibility studies for CEB housing loans Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

23 Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

24 Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions

25 Housing and Urban Planning Intro 2004: HPPD Montenegro Informal Settlements Follow-up actions Mid-term actions


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