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Multinational (International) projects in Europe with the special focus on the South Balkans Session Number: EPM07 Zoran Ljubicic IBM Netherlands.

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Presentation on theme: "Multinational (International) projects in Europe with the special focus on the South Balkans Session Number: EPM07 Zoran Ljubicic IBM Netherlands."— Presentation transcript:

1 Multinational (International) projects in Europe with the special focus on the South Balkans Session Number: EPM07 Zoran Ljubicic IBM Netherlands

2 What should be in a presentation …

3 And… what is in the presentation… Religions Politics Money Technology Men and Women … and no joke…

4 Easy questions… easy answers!? Where are the borders of Eastern Europe? What can we expect when traveling to EE? How different are Easterners from Westerners? Is Eastern Europe really progressing? What do we know about EE projects? … etc

5 Introduction - major presentation parts Overview of Eastern Europe South Balkans The major EU-sponsored programmes in the EE

6 Overview of Eastern Europe Geopolitical and geographical terms Cultural quiz Travel tips Religions Common cultural and political traits Economic overview Personal touch

7 Geopolitical and geographical terms European Union Acceding countries Visegrad group CIS Baltic countries Balkans

8 Eastern Europe

9 Visegrad, Baltics and Balkans

10 Cultural quiz To kiss, bow or shake hands… or do it all!? To tip or not!? To deal with facts or with emotions!? Women approaching unknown men!? To ask for a word or for a signature? To discuss history and politics?

11 Travel tips Visas Money Electricity and video standards Time zones Communications Driving in EE

12 Major EE religions Orthodox Christians Roman Catholics Muslim Jewish

13 Common EE cultural traits Getting very individualistic Many people are turning to religion Large majority with Slavic Origins

14 Common political traits Moving towards Western-type democracy Joining EU

15 EE Economic overview (1) GDP growth Figures provided by the Economist Intelligence Unit

16 EE Economic overview (2) Comparison 2004 Figures provided by the Economist Intelligence Unit

17 EE Economic overview (3) EE regions 2004 Figures provided by the Economist Intelligence Unit

18 EE Economic overview (3) EE regions 2004 Figures provided by the Economist Intelligence Unit

19 Personal view on the business cultural differences between Netherlands and EE long-term persistency vs short-term achievements to-the-point talk vs elaboration separate work & life vs interconnected advance planning vs improvisation getting buy-in vs imposing a decision

20 South Balkans South Balkans = Western Balkans – Croatia - Albania - Bosnia & Herzegovina - Serbia & Montenegro - Macedonia

21 Albania 3.1m. Tirana, Albanian language Muslims 70%, Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholics 10% Tensions within the ruling party Focus on the relationship with the West, especially with the USA “Node a head to say NO”

22 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.2m. Sarajevo, BSC language Two entities (Federation and Republika Srpska) Muslims 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholics 15%, others Office of the UN High representative Three-member presidency Still tensions between entities

23 Macedonia 2.0m. Skopje, Macedonian language Orthodox 69%, Muslim 27% Tensions between Slavic and Albanian ethnic groups Recent death of the President Boris Trajkovski in a plane crash

24 Serbia and Montenegro 10.7m. Belgrade, Serbian language (Albanian predominant in Kosovo) Orthodox 70%, Muslims 20%, the others 10% Unstable situation in Kosovo No indicative table for the EU accession

25 South Balkans Comparison 2003 Figures provided by the Economist Intelligence Unit

26 Major EU-sponsored programmes and their budgets for the period Phare – €1.5 billion per year Sapard - €500 million per year ISPA - €1 billion per year CARDS - €4.65 billion per year Tacis – n/a

27 Briefly about the programmes (1) Provide pre-accession support to the EU candidate countries (acceding countries plus Bulgaria and Romania) - Phare – institution building - ISPA – large-scale infrastructure projects in the fields of agriculture and rural development - Sapard – for taking on the acquis in the fields of agriculture and rural development

28 Briefly about the programmes (2) Tacis – provides grant-financed technical assistence to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan). Launched in CARDS – assistance to the western Balkans as part of the Stabilization and Association process (SAp)

29 Useful links related to the programmes European Union: European Commission: European bank for reconstruction and development: European Investment Bank: European Agency for reconstruction:

30 Summary 1 (answers to the questions) Where are the borders of Eastern Europe? –This presentation did not help us to define the borders of Eastern Europe – there are ever expanding just like the Universe What can we expect when traveling to EE? –When traveling to Eastern Europe we can expect to find a good Internet connection… afterwards, everything will be easier..etc

31 Summary 2 (answers to questions) How different are Easterners from Westerners? –Easterners are getting more similar to Westerners… and opposite way… Is Eastern Europe really progressing? –Yes, Eastern Europe is progressing towards the Western Europe that is at the moment stagnating… …etc.

32 References etc. Economic figures used in the presentation are retrieved from (Economist Intelligence Unit site) The information on the European programmes in EE collected from the sites listed in the slide #29 Most of the information has been collected during the author’s involvement in the PMI EU Task Force.

33 Contact Information Zoran Ljubicic Business Private


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