Presentation on theme: "Albania Shpresa Mezini Key challenges and possible solutions"— Presentation transcript:
1Albania Shpresa Mezini Key challenges and possible solutions 10th REReP Task Force meetingNovember 27th, 2007Brussels, BelgiumAlbaniaKey challenges andpossible solutionsShpresa MeziniMinistry of Environment, Forestry and Water Administration
2Key Challenge Waste management -1 Albania has progressed with the waste legislation.Due to lack of financial resources, the later is not yet supported with the necessary infrastructure (temporary or definitive landfills, regional or local) according to European standards; consequently, combined with other factors, this situation results in low enforcement of the law.The Joint Ministerial Regulation (between MPPTT and MoEFWA) No 3 of “On the construction waste management through their generation, transportation and disposal” drafted with the support of the SIDA waste project in Korce Region.The draft Instruction of the Waste Management Plans prepared, with the support of the SIDA waste project in Korce.The draft decision “On the approval of the list of waste to be imported for use, recycling and treatment” is completed.Construction of such landfills is an urgent need for the country, for the enforcement of environmental legislation, as well as for the implementation of the SAA and other policy documents.
3Solutions Waste management -2 Construction of such landfills is an urgent need for the country, for the enforcement of environmental legislation, as well as for the implementation of the SAA and other policy documents.- Sharra dumpsite project (6 MEuro)- SIDA supported waste project in the Korca Region (1,6 MEuro)- Feasibility study and detailed design for Shkodra landfill have been enabled with the support of the Italian Government (Toskana region)The National Waste Management Plan is foreseen to be covered by CARDS 2006 project, expected to start in early 2008.The Ministry (MoEFWA) is negotiating with the Ministry of Integration for using IPA funds for the construction of landfills.
4Law DraftingThe environmental legislation in Albania is completed and improvedby new laws and by laws.Draft Laws in the approval/adoption processD/law “On the protection from international traffic of the flora and fauna species at risk”D/law “On some amendments of the Law on Protected Areas”D/law “On some amendments of the Law on environmental protection”D/law “On some amendments of the Law on Water Resources”D/law “On the protection of medicinal and oleaginous plants”NEW STRATEGIC DOCUMENTSnew “National Environmental Strategy and Action Plan” (supported by EU), due to be adopted by the Albanian Government in Nov“Strategy on fishing” - adoptedIn accordance with the National Strategy and Action Plan for the implementation of Aahrus Convention and the observations of the Compliance Committee of the Convention, the Ministry drafted a new Action Plan on the implementation of Aarhus Convention, aiming the improvement of the public information and public participation in the environmental issues.
5Laws adopted by Albanian Governement During the years 2006 – 2007, according to the National Plan for the Implementation of the SAA and the annual analytic programme, the following legal acts are adopted:Law “On the adhesion of the Republic of Albania in the Protocol “On the registers and transfer of pollution”, of the Aahrus Convention.Law “On the adhesion of the Republic of Albania in the Beijing Amendments of the protocol of Montreal.Law “On the adhesion of the Republic of Albania in London Amendments, annex II of the Protocol of Montreal”Law “On the adhesion of the Republic of Albania in the Copenhagen Amendments, of the Protocol of Montreal”Law “On the adhesion of the Republic of Albania in the Montreal Amendments, of the Protocol of Montreal”Law “On the adhesion of the Republic of Albania in the Decisions II/14 and III/17, Amendments of ESPOO Convention”Law “On the administration of hazardous wastes”Law “On some amendments in the law on forests and forest service”Law “On the protection of biodiversity”Law “On pastures”Law “On the evaluation and administration of the noises in the environment”Law “On the protection of the environment from transboundary pollution”
6Investments: Environmental hot spots -1 Reduction of environmental pollution, especially the traditional pollution atthe hot spots identified by UNEP, are the main goals of the MoEFWA in theshort and medium term priority.Clean up of Chemical Plant in Durrës-Under the Project “Integrated costal zone Management and Clean UP (ICZM)”-implemented by the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunications. the Component C of this project is under implementation: Porto Romano Hot-Spot Clean-Up. The contracted company to prepare the technical-engineering study for the rehabilitation, costing 0,550 MUSD.Vlora hot spot-The pre-investment study for the rehabilitation of the Vlora hot spot is finalized and is available to be implemented with the financial support from the possible fdonors. (CARDS ) (planned to start by Sep. 2008)Reduction of the environmental pollution in the hot spot of Oil Refinery in Ballsh By the support of the CARDS program 2002 and 2005, a project is underway for the rehabilitation of the Treatment plant of the waste water; three dumpsites for the sludge derivate from the treatment are being constructed. The rehabilitation of this hot spot is due by September 2008.Environmental Action plan for Patos-Marinez oil extraction area-Under the CARDS Programme, the project designed to help assessment of environment impact in Patos-Marinza oil extraction area, started on April 1st The budget is 0,5 MEUR and it is expected to be implemented during 2008.
7Investments: Environmental hot spots -2 Arsenical Elimination in Fier - The project for immobilization and concentration of arsenical solution in the former Nitrate Fertilizer Plant in Fier, under PHARE support, it completed. With the support of CARDS 2005, it is planned the encapsulation of the arsenical waste according to the BE standardsCopper Factory – Rubik. In the frame of CARDS program 2004, the Detailed Design for Site Rehabilitation of Copper Factory in Rubik is finalised. The work will start as soon as the construction permits and other licences are issued.Sharra dumpsite project. The project aims at reorganising the current dumpsite and ensure environmentally-safe operations. The completion of this step will be proceeded with the construction of a new waste discharge field, next to the current area. The project time frame is 2 year (September 2009)
8Environmental Impact Assessment Key challengesEnforcement of the environmental institutions;Capacity building;More funds allocated;More helping instruments from the Ministry like methodologies etc;More responsibility by the Aarhus ConventionLegislationPublic participation is required by the national law on the protection of the environment and the law on environmental impact assessment.A specific regulation on public participation in the EIA process is approved from the MoE during 2004Implementation and practiceThe public very rarely involved in the EIA process. In most of the cases, public is represented from the Councils of the Local government.Lack of the awareness, expertise (know-how), lack of will and funds are today obstacles of the public involvement;
9Climate Change Background Albania is a Party the UNFCCC as of 1995 Albania is Party to the Kyoto Protocol as of 2005Albania is a non Annex 1 to the UNFCCC and Kyoto ProtocolNo reduction commitmentsAlbania is a relatively low net emitter country and will be highly affected to the expected climate changesChallengesReducing the growth rate of greenhouse gas emissionsAdaptation to the expected climate change (water resources, hydropower generation, health, ecosystems)Possible solutionsAddressing mitigation and adaptation to the national development strategiesEnforcing institutions and legislation to get advantage of the carbon finance and flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol
10Cross-border Cooperation -1 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), signed on 31/05/2005, on“Cooperation in the field of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)under art. 12 of the Kyoto Protocol”An Annex I to the MoU is signed on Feb. 17, 2007, on the continuation ofthe technical and legal assistance to the DNA for building and enhancing local capacities in the preparation of PINs (Project Idea Notes) and PDDs (Project Design Documents) in the framework of CDM of the Kyoto Protocol.A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Ministry for the Environment Land and Sea of the Republic of Italy and the Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Water Administration of the Republic of Albania on “Cooperation for Environmental Protection” is under negotiation. The aim of this MoU will be the development of joint programs, initiatives and projects dealing with the prevention and/or reduction of environmental pollution, environmental protection and promotion of sustainable development.
11Cross-border Cooperation -2 Cooperation between the Ministry for the Environment Land and Sea of the Republic of Italy (IMELS), the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Energy (METE) of the Republic of Albania and the Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Water Administration (MoEFWA) of the Republic of Albania. The Cooperation Agreement under negotiation is aimed at identifying joint pilot projects to be implemented in Albania.Cooperation between Republic of Montenegro and Albania “The Integrated ecosystem management of Skadar lake,” financed by the Word Bank.Integrated ecosystem management in the Prespa Lake Basin of Albania, FYR-Macedonia and Greece. Objective is to catalyse the adoption and implementation of ecosystem management interventions in the Prespa Lakes basin of Albania, FYR-Macedonia, and Greece that integrate ecological, economic, and social goals with the aim of conserving globally significant biodiversity and conserving and reducing pollution of the transboundary lakes.