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 After quietly taking your seat, take out your binder and turn to the Bellringer section!!

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Presentation on theme: " After quietly taking your seat, take out your binder and turn to the Bellringer section!!"— Presentation transcript:

1  After quietly taking your seat, take out your binder and turn to the Bellringer section!!

2 1) What are the three regions of the first 13 colonies? 2) What is one word you would use to describe how the colonists felt after England would pass a Navigation Act? 3) In your own words, define mercantilism.

3 7 th Grade American History

4  Colonies bursting with citizens  Grown from just 50,000 to over a million colonists in just 100 years  Why is this???  Americans had more freedom to run their own country than any other country in Europe; very attractive selling point

5  As colonies grow, colonists dream of moving west past the Appalachian Mountains  Wanted to move to the Ohio River Valley  Both Britain and France claimed this region

6  Land was controlled by French fur traders for the most part  French forts built deep in Ohio River Valley  British continued to build forts deep into territory  What next???

7  France drives British forces out of Ohio River Valley Territory, with the help of the Native Americans  Why did the Native Americans side with the French?  The French wanted to trade furs  French were less imposing than British colonies  Some French even followed Native American customs

8  British fear that they will lose land they had already claimed, or even worse, lose the colonies all together.  A young 22-year-old Virginian was sent to tell the French they were trespassing and to leave the Ohio River Valley  George Washington

9  French refuse to leave, ignore the British and George Washington aka GW  Governor of Virginia gives GW 150 troops and orders him to build a fort in French Territory near Pittsburg  French had already built Fort Dusquene on the spot…

10  GW builds fort nearby; Fort Necessity  Decides to attack French  Drastically outnumbered, loses miserably, forced to surrender  Even though he was defeated, GW still becomes national hero for striking first blow  Start of French and Indian War

11  British sent 1,400 troops led by General Edward Braddock to combat the French  GW volunteered to assist Braddock  Warned the general that Britain’s fighting style would not work in the wilderness  Braddock ignored GW, and guess what happened…?

12  General Braddock and troops attacked by French and Native Americans firing behind trees  Over 1,000 killed, including Braddock  News of loss reaches Europe, start of Seven Years War

13  British struggled for several years while French and the Native Americans used knowledge of Ohio River Valley to their advantage  British keep financing war in America, building lots of debt  (Important for the future!)

14  Tide of war changes when British General James Wolfe captures Quebec (Canada!)  Gave British sizeable advantage

15  French and British sign the Treaty of Paris, officially ending the wars in Europe and America  Terms  Gave Canada to Britain  British also gained all French lands east of the Mississippi River, except for New Orleans and two other port cities

16  Colonists start to move westward to settle new lands  Things have never looked better for the colonists!  So what’s next??...


18  After you have taken your seat, take out your binder and something to write with. The only things out should be your binder and a writing utensil.  Turn to the “Bellringer” section of your binder…

19  “United States History” book, pg. 96  Answer the two “Geography Skills” questions at the bottom of the map.



22  Patriots  Loyalists  Allies  Militia  Repeal  Boycott  Independence  Petition  Traitors



25  After taking your seat, get out your binder and turn to the notes section. NOT BELLRINGER, your notes section.

26  Study your colonial notes!!


28  Q: Why did the British colonists want to move west?  A: More land, colonies were too crowded, more freedom  Q: Where did the colonists want to move to, specifically?  A: Into the Ohio River Valley  Q: Who were the major powers fighting over this land? Allies?  A: Major powers – Britain, France. Allies – colonists, Native Americans

29  Q: Why did the Native Americans side with the French?  A: Lass intimidating, willing to trade, follow customs  Q: Which event started the French and Indian War? Leader?  A: Fort Necessity, GW!  Q: Who was General Braddock? How did he respond to GW’s advice?  A: English general, sent to fight French. Gets slaughtered by French and Indians!

30  Q: What was the turning point in the French and Indian War for the British?  A: General James Wolfe captures Quebec (Canada)!  Q: What document signified the end of the French and Indian War, and what year was it signed?  A: Treaty of Paris, 1763

31  What’s an Act in American History?  It’s a Law!

32  Navigation Acts  Proclamation of 1763  Sugar Act  Stamp Act  Declaratory Act  Townshend Acts  Tea Act  Coercive Acts


34  Exit Ticket  Name two acts you learned about during the station work, and describe how the colonists reacted to each act.

35  Finish Act Worksheet

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