Presentation on theme: "Anhinga A Natural Selection & Genetics Activity. Anhinga Anhinga are a species of bird which live on/near warm water. They are sometimes called “knifebills”"— Presentation transcript:
Anhinga A Natural Selection & Genetics Activity
Anhinga Anhinga are a species of bird which live on/near warm water. They are sometimes called “knifebills” because of the unique shape of their beak.
Feeding The knife-like beak is an adaptation for this species because it allows the birds to stab fish, which they carry back to their nest to eat.
Environmental Catastrophe Recently, an oil spill occurred near a group of Anhinga living on an island. As a result, many of the fish have died, and the water has become very dirty and dangerous.
New Food Since fish are now harder to find, Anhinga have started eating insects to get the protein they need.
Dominant & Recessive The “knifebill” is the most common (and the dominant) trait for this anhinga population. However, occasionally a recessive spoon-like bill shows up in the population.
Generation 1 Half of you have a homozygous dominant genotype (left side of room) Half of you have a heterozygous genotype (right side of room) What are your phenotypes? (Write all this down under Generation 1 on your worksheet)
Data Record the number of each phenotype on your page for the start of Generation 1
The Rules You will have 5 seconds to collect as much “food” as you can. Food must be picked up and placed into your nest with your beak. – No picking up the food container – Hold your “food pouch” to your belly When time is called, count the number of “insects” you collected.
Life or Death The top 2/3 of the class will survive and become parents in Generation 2. The bottom 1/3 are dead.
Generation 2: Making Babies! Those who survived must pair up (gender doesn’t matter). These two parents will produce ONE baby. – Find one baby from those who died. Work together (all 3 of you) to create a Punnett Square showing the possible offspring based on both parents.
WARNING Remember that EVERYONE must do each step on their own worksheet. Even if you died, you must show the Punnett Square of your new parents.
Rebirth Spin a large paper clip to determine which box/genotype the baby actually gets. – Hint: Center the paper clip with the back end of your utensil or a pencil, then flick it with your finger to spin it.
Baby Phenotypes Babies must now choose the proper beak type (utensil) for their genotype: AA = Knife Aa = Knife aa = Spoon
Genotypes & Phenotypes Write down your Genotype Write down your Phenotype Record the whole-class phenotype numbers for Generation 2 in the chart on page 1.
Feeding Competition #2 You will have 5 seconds to collect as much “food” as you can. Food must be picked up and placed into your nest with your beak. – No picking up the food container – Hold your “food pouch” to your belly When time is called, count the number of “insects” you collected.
Life or Death The top 2/3 of the class will survive and become parents in Generation 3. The bottom 1/3 are dead.
Generation 3-5 Repeat 3 more times (or as time permits): 1.Make Babies – Pair up and find a baby – Create Punnett Square and spin paperclip 2.Record Data – Your Genotype – Your Phenotype – Class Phenotype Data 3.Food Competition & Counting 4.Life or Death
Graphing Use the Class Phenotype Data chart to create a line graph of the number of Knifebills and Spoonbills over time (generations).
Reflection Questions Answer the Reflection Questions on your worksheet. 1. What type of variation existed within the anhinga population? 2. What does "survival of the fittest" mean? 3. How was this simulation similar to natural selection in the wild? 4. How was this simulation different from natural selection in the wild? 5. What adaptation allowed the most anhinga to live in the last 2 generations? Why?