DO NOW: 10-22 Have only last nights HW and a writing utensil on desk
Patricians and Plebeians 509 BC Romans created a Republic – a form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders. Citizenship in Rome was granted to only free born males. Patricians – wealthy landowners who held most of the power. 10% of population Plebeians – common farmers, artisans, merchants. Majority of population 90% Patricians – inherited their power and social standing. Claimed ancestry gave them the right to make laws for Rome Plebeians – citizens who had the right to vote. Barred from most government positions. Over time they were granted their own assembly and elected representatives called Tribunes.
Twelve Tables Written law code Plebeians forced Patricians to actually write the laws down instead of interpreting them whenever it suited them Example: Where anyone commits a theft by night, and having been caught in the act is killed, he is legally killed.
Government under the Republic Best features of an aristocracy, monarchy, and democracy Consuls – dual chief executives served one year terms Same person could not be elected consul for another 10 years Senate – aristocratic branch of Rome’s government Legislative and administrative functions 300 members chosen from upper class – served for life Dictator – in times of crisis one could be appointed – absolute authority - 6 month term only Judicial – Praetors – 8 judges chosen for one year term
Do Now: 10-23 What was the consul responsible for in Rome? In order to become Consul what path did one have to follow? Highest power in rome. In charge of military. Executive branch. Two consuls. 1 year. Fear of a MONARCH!!!!!. Patrician-wealthy, had to be elected by assembly in order to serve in the SENATE. In order to become consul, you had to serve in Senate. HW: Read pgs. 152-155 Answer Guided Questions
Government Executive- President Legislative- Senate + House Judicial- Supreme Court Executive- Consuls Legislative- Senate (Patrician) + Assembly (Plebian) Judicial- Praetor U.S Gov’tRome Gov’t
In order to serve as Consul, one must serve in the Senate. In order to serve in the Senate, one must be appointed by the Assembly (Plebians)