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THE EARLY REPUBLIC. DO NOW: 10-22  Have only last nights HW and a writing utensil on desk.

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Presentation on theme: "THE EARLY REPUBLIC. DO NOW: 10-22  Have only last nights HW and a writing utensil on desk."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE EARLY REPUBLIC

2 DO NOW:  Have only last nights HW and a writing utensil on desk

3 Patricians and Plebeians  509 BC Romans created a Republic – a form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders. Citizenship in Rome was granted to only free born males.  Patricians – wealthy landowners who held most of the power. 10% of population  Plebeians – common farmers, artisans, merchants. Majority of population 90%  Patricians – inherited their power and social standing. Claimed ancestry gave them the right to make laws for Rome  Plebeians – citizens who had the right to vote. Barred from most government positions. Over time they were granted their own assembly and elected representatives called Tribunes.

4 Twelve Tables  Written law code  Plebeians forced Patricians to actually write the laws down instead of interpreting them whenever it suited them  Example: Where anyone commits a theft by night, and having been caught in the act is killed, he is legally killed.

5 Government under the Republic  Best features of an aristocracy, monarchy, and democracy  Consuls – dual chief executives served one year terms  Same person could not be elected consul for another 10 years  Senate – aristocratic branch of Rome’s government  Legislative and administrative functions  300 members chosen from upper class – served for life  Dictator – in times of crisis one could be appointed – absolute authority - 6 month term only  Judicial – Praetors – 8 judges chosen for one year term

6 Do Now:  What was the consul responsible for in Rome? In order to become Consul what path did one have to follow?  Highest power in rome. In charge of military. Executive branch. Two consuls. 1 year. Fear of a MONARCH!!!!!. Patrician-wealthy, had to be elected by assembly in order to serve in the SENATE. In order to become consul, you had to serve in Senate.  HW: Read pgs  Answer Guided Questions

7 Government  Executive- President  Legislative- Senate + House  Judicial- Supreme Court  Executive- Consuls  Legislative- Senate (Patrician) + Assembly (Plebian)  Judicial- Praetor U.S Gov’tRome Gov’t

8  In order to serve as Consul, one must serve in the Senate.  In order to serve in the Senate, one must be appointed by the Assembly (Plebians)

9 Appointed by Assembly SenateConsul


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