3Exposition Characters, Setting, Other Vital Information What information does the author give you at the beginning of the story?Characters, Setting, Other Vital Information
4Johnny kills Bob Sheldon Complication“Trigger event”- the thing that causes the conflict or sets the conflict in motionJohnny kills Bob Sheldon
5Rising ActionComplications and events that occur as the character(s) tries to solve the problemJohnny and Ponyboy go to Dally for helpJohnny and Ponyboy flee to Jay MountainChurch burns down..causing injury and the boys to return to town
6The Rumble/ Johnny’s Death ClimaxThe point of highest interest, suspense, or greatest emotional tensionThe Rumble/ Johnny’s Death
7Dally shot by cops Falling Action Events that occur as the character works toward the resolution of the conflict.Dally shot by cops
8Ponyboy writes his theme ResolutionA satisfactory conclusion that is either positive or negative for the characterPonyboy writes his theme
9Themes Friendship Brotherhood The Golden Rule Prejudice SOCIAL CONFLICTLoyaltyDecision MakingUnlikely FriendshipsStereotyping
10Types of Conflict Man vs. Man Man vs. Society Man vs. Self Man vs. NatureMan vs. Supernatural (not in this novel)
11Man vs. ManWhen a character (man or woman) has a physical or verbal disagreement with another characterExamples:Johnny vs. Bob SheldonDally vs. Individual Cops
12Man vs. SocietyWhen a character disagrees with societal values, laws, or beliefsExamples:Greasers vs. SocsNegative stereotypes of Greasers
13Man vs. SelfA character fighting against his or her own conscience or moral beliefsExamples:Ponyboy dealing with Johnny’s deathRandy Adderson withdrawing from rumble
14Man vs. Nature A character vs. the forces of nature Example: Boys vs. church firePonyboy vs. freezing fromfountain
15Characters See if you can name the characters from the following descriptions
16Ponyboy Curtis Loves sunsets and reading Youngest Greaser (14) Narrator and main character of the storyHas two older brothersParents died in car crash
17MarciaRandy’s girlfriendCherry’s best friendFlirts with Two-Bit
18Dallas “Dally” Winston Toughest GreaserWhite-blond hairOriginally from New YorkIcy blue eyes and elfin faceReally loves Johnny and snaps after his deathGunned down by cops after robbing store
19Sherri “Cherry” Valance Soc CheerleaderHer boyfriend is stabbed by JohnnyMeets Ponyboy at the moviesBecomes a spy for the GreasersRed Hair
20Darrel “Darry” Curtis The oldest Curtis brother (20) Loves showing off musclesQuit school to start working to as a rooferUnofficial “leader” of the greasersReally strict with Ponyboy
21Robert “Bob” Sheldon Cherry’s boyfriend Jumps Johnny before the novel beginsNever disciplined by parentsStabbed and killed by Johnny Cade
22Sodapop Curtis Happy-Go-Lucky Known for his grin Good Looking and charmingQuits school and works at gas stationMiddle Curtis boyKeeps peace between Darry and Ponyboy
23Steve Randle Best friend of Sodapop Works at gas station Knows everything about carsSteals hub capsThinks Ponyboy is annoying and tags along too muchFought four socs with broken pop bottle
24Tim Shepherd Leader of another greaser gang Respects and assists Dally even though they occasionally fightPonyboy thinks he is an alley cat, hungry, and restlessConsidered a real hood
25Johnny Cade Abusive and alcoholic parents Stabs Bob Sheldon Protected by older Greasers (especially Dally)Dies in the hospitalTells Ponyboy to “stay gold”
26Randy Adderson Marcia’s boyfriend Best friend of Bob Sheldon Eventually sees the futility of fightingRefuses to fight in the rumbleAttempts to make peace with Ponyboy
27Keith “Two-Bit” Matthews Joker of the GreasersThe oldest GreaserLoves his black handled switchbladeRegularly shoplifts
28Jerry WoodAccompanies Ponyboy, Johnny, and Dally to the hospital after church fireAdult and member of mainstream societyJudges Greasers on their merits
30Cars Socs power over Greasers Socs own cars…Greasers fix themIncreased protection and mobility for Socs
31Rings Traditional symbols of wealth and power rings = money money = powerRings used as weaponsJohnny knows Bob jumped him because he remembers the rings
32Clothes Sense of identity Wealth vs. Poverty Greasers: Socs Dirty jeansTight t-shirtsRatty sweat shirtsSocsMadras sweatersKhaki pants
33Greaser Hair Separates them from other social groups Rebelling against cultural normsTrue sense of identityPg. 5 (Pony getting jumped)Pg. 71 (Church hair cut)Pg. 101 (Pony getting picture taken)
34Perceptions Ponyboy’s perceptions of Darry Ponyboy’s perceptions of SocsAll characters reasons for fightingChanging perceptions
35Ponyboy’s Changing Perception of Darry Before Running awayMeanToo strictDoesn’t love himAfter church fireFirm but lovingWilling to sacrifice
36Ponyboy’s Changing Perception of the Socs Pre-Cherry Valance MeetingHates and fears SocsDangerous enemies“White trash with Mustangs and madras” (55).Thinks they have it madePost- Cherry Valance MeetingRealizes Socs are human as wellUnderstands they have their own problemsHuman compassion transcends gang loyalty
37Reasons for Fighting Ponyboy Darry Sodapop Dally Two-Bit Steve Johnny Self-defenseDarryPride and to show off musclesSodapopEntertainmentDallyNot a fight without him. He is the only real hoodTwo-BitConformitySteveHatred and to bash in Socs’ headsJohnnyDoesn’t like to fight
39Who do Johnny and Pony go to for help? Why? He is experienced with evading the law
40Why do the greasers and Socs fight so much? They come from different social classes (money/wealth)
41Why doesn’t Dally want Johnny to go to jail? It will harden him, like it did Dally.
42When does Pony realize Darry loves him? When he sees him crying at the hospital.
43Emotion Greasers feel too much Socs don’t feel anything According to Sherry Valance (Cherry), what is the main difference between greasers and Socs?EmotionGreasers feel too muchSocs don’t feel anything
44Who wants to back out of the rumble? Why? Randy Adderson. He is sick of the fighting and he knows it won’t do any good. No one can really win.
45What does Johnny mean when he says “Stay Gold” to Ponyboy? Stay true to yourself.
46When Two-Bit tells Pony he isn’t like the rest of the group, what does he mean? Pony is smart and kind.
47Dally was alone. He lost the only thing he has ever loved (Johnny). Soda tells Pony not to end up like Dally, how he was before he was dead…what does he mean?Dally was alone. He lost the only thing he has ever loved (Johnny).
48Grammar Review Prepositions About, above, across, because Pronouns He, she, they, we, us, etcAdjectivesYellow shirt, English bookLinking verbsWas awesome, were wrongAdverbsYelled loudly, ran fast, walked quickly
49Context CluesThere will be a portion of the test where you use the surrounding words to figure out the meaning of a potentially unknown word.