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Introduction to Assistive Technology For Adult Service Professionals 892.562 Young Jeon.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Assistive Technology For Adult Service Professionals 892.562 Young Jeon."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Assistive Technology For Adult Service Professionals 892.562 Young Jeon

2 Assistive Technology Overview United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. What is Assistive Technology? ▶ Any device or process that assist a person with disabilities to do something that could otherwise be difficult or impossible to accomplish

3 Assistive Technology Overview – Definition United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. ▶ Any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities (from IDEA ’97) ▶ A definition of AT may be a system of no, low and/or high- tech tools and strategies that are suited to a person based on their individuals needs

4 Assistive Technology Overview – Universal Design United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Universal Design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design – Ron Mace Universal Design benefits of all ages and abilities.

5 United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Example Curb Cut : Originally designed for wheelchair but also ease travel for people pushing strollers, riding skateboards, using canes. Assistive Technology Overview – Universal Design

6 Used by a wide range of individuals with diverse needs Makes the environments accessible to individuals with varying needs Specifically considered for an individual Used by an individual to improve Assistive Technology Overview – AT vs. UD Assistive Technology Universal Design

7 United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. High-Tech  Sophisticated electronics or computers DynaMyte, Mercury Mid-Tech  Relatively complicated mechanical devices Wheelchairs Low-Tech  Less sophisticated devices Velcro fasteners Sippy cups No-Tech  Solutions that make use of procedures and services already in the environment without using devices or equipment Assistive Technology Overview – Continuum

8 United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Adaptive Computer Applications Aids for Communication Aids for Daily Living Environmental Control Systems Home / Worksite Modifications Prosthetics and Orthotics Seating and Positioning Wheelchair / Mobility Aids Vehicle Modifications Assistive Technology Overview – Categories

9 AT Delivery System in DC United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. MRDDA Policy  Applicability  Provider Organizations that receive DC or Federal funds to serve MRDDA customers and who are responsible for the acquisition, repair or replacement of adaptive equipment  Acquisition Process  Determination of Need by clinicians’ assessment  Caregiver apply for the approval and fund within 30 days of assessment  MRDDA determines of approval

10 AT Delivery System in DC United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. MRDDA Policy  Timeliness  Acquisition shall occur within 60 days of the date of d eterminations  If not, caregiver must provide written notice the clinic al Services Division WEEKLY.  Methods of Payment  Medicaid/Medicare  Private Health Insurance  Personal Funds  Government Contract/Purchase order

11 Barriers and Challenges United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  Awareness and Knowledge  Fear of Complexity  Funding Limitations  Training  Timeliness of AT delivery System  Equipment Maintenance  Technology Abandonment

12 Benefits of Assistive Technology United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  Communication  Environmental control  Mobility  Education  Activities of Daily Living  Employment  Sports and Recreation

13 Assistive Technology Consideration United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  What functional limitation does the individual with disabilities have that might be helped by assistive technology?  Have professionals conducted a comprehensive assessment to determine what assistive technology might be beneficial?  Will the technology be available for the person to use at all times in all environments where needed, and if not, what alternatives exist in other environments?  Will the assistive technology be a tool and not inhibit typical development and skill acquisition?  Does the professional support system exist for the successful application and use of the identified technology?

14 United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.

15 Adaptive Computer Applications United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Hardware and software products that enables persons with Disabilities to access, interact with, and use computers at home, work or school.  Input output devices Input output devices  Alternate access aids Alternate access aids  Modified or alternate Keyboard Modified or alternate Keyboard  Switch Interface Switch Interface  Adaptive Software Adaptive Software

16 Communication Aids United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Products and equipment designed to help persons with speech disabilities or writing difficulties to communicate. At its very simplest, augmentative communication can be a page with picture choices or alphabet letters that a person points to. It can also involve highly sophisticated speaking computers with on-screen communication boards and auditory or visual scanning.  Hearing aids,  Augmentative Alternative Communication Devices  Voice Output Devices Voice Output Devices  TTDs

17 Aids for Daily Living United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Self-help devices that assist persons with disabilities in daily living activities such as dressing, personal hygiene, bathing, home maintenance, cooking, eating, etc.  Clothing and Dressing Aids Clothing and Dressing Aids  Eating and Cooking Aids Eating and Cooking Aids  Home Maintenance Aids Home Maintenance Aids  Toileting and Bathing Aids Toileting and Bathing Aids

18 Environmental Control System United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Environmental and structural adaptations that remove or reduce physical barriers for individuals with disabilities. Environmental adaptations usually involve building construction, engineering and architecture, but also include environmental controls and switches that can control an entire living environment.  Environmental control switches Environmental control switches  Worksite adaptations

19 Home/Worksite Modifications United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Structural adaptations or fabrications in the home, worksite or other area  Ramp  Lifts  Bathroom changes  Visual alerting system

20 Prosthetics and Orthotics United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Replacement, substitution or augmenting of missing or malfunctioning body parts with artificial limbs or other orthotic aids  Splints  Braces  Foot orthosis  Helmets  Restraints  Supports

21 Seating and Positioning United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Accommodations to a wheelchair or other seating system to provide greater body stability, trunk/head support and an upright posture, and reduction of pressure on the skin surface  Seating : adapted and modular seating, cushions and wedges contour seats, lumbar support seats, standing tables  Positioning : positioning belts, braces, wheelchair modifications and cushions, seat lifts, bolster chairs, corner chairs, therapeutic seats, postural support hardware, postural support systems, pressure monitors, etc. Positioning

22 Wheelchair / Mobility Aids United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Products that help mobility impaired persons move within their environment and give them independence in personal transportation Manual and electric wheelchairs, mobile bases for custom chairs, walkers, three-wheel scooters, and other utility vehicles.  Ambulatory Aids Ambulatory Aids  Scooters and Power Chairs  Wheelchairs

23 Vehicle Modifications United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Adaptive driving aids, hand controls, wheelchair and other lifts, modified vans, or other motor vehicles Includes car-top carriers, custom cars and vans, adaptive driving control, ramp, lift, hand-controls, child restraint systems

24 Input Output Devices United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  Touch windows  Braille Printer  Alternate Mouse

25 Alternate Access Aids United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Controlling cursor with eye movements  Head Stick, Mouth Stick  Light Pointer  Mouse Emulator  Voice Input  Eye Gaze

26 Modified or Alternate Keyboard United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Intelli-Key Big Keyboard One-hand keyboard

27 Switch Interface United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.

28 Adaptive Software United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  Biggy Cursor  Onscreen Keyboard  Zoom Text  Microsoft Accessibility

29 Voice Output Devices United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  Mercury, Gemini,  Dynamite  Cheap Talk  Digi-Vox  Communication Builder

30 Clothing and Dressing Aids United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  Button Aid  Sock Helper  Shoe horn  Dressing Stick

31 Eating and Cooking Aids United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  Easy grip Utensil  Food Bumper  Scooper Plate  Utensil Curf

32 Home Maintenance Aids United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc. Adaptive Gardening Tools

33 Toileting and Bathing Aids United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  Lift Aids  Shower chair  Elevated seat  Urinals

34 Environmental Control Switches United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.  Remote Control  Free Hand Switch  Wireless Transmitter  Motion Pad  Voice Activated Switch

35 Seating and Positioning United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.

36 Ambulatory Aids United Cerebral Palsy of Washington & Northern Virginia, Inc.


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