Presentation on theme: "Assistive Technology for School-Based Therapists Presented by Susan Chynoweth COTA/L, ATS Jennifer Kraft, Education Technology Facilitator."— Presentation transcript:
Assistive Technology for School-Based Therapists Presented by Susan Chynoweth COTA/L, ATS Jennifer Kraft, Education Technology Facilitator
Definition of Assistive Technology Assistive technology is a device and/or service that is determined by an IEP team to be necessary to provide a student with educationally relevant and necessary access to a free and appropriate education (FAPE) in a least restrictive environment (LRE). Assistive technology services must be considered for any student receiving special education. IDEA, 1997
Definition of Assistive Technology “Any item, piece of equipment, or product system whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities."
Definition of Assistive Technology Adapted equipment is always assistive technology, but assistive technology is not always adapted equipment. Adapted equipment is something that the general public uses, but is changed to make it functional for someone with a disability; assistive technology includes devices not used by the general public.
Assistive Technology Must: Be considered at every IEP meeting Educationally relevant Least Restrictive Environment Assessment must be done before any commitment to device or software Ultimate determination by IEP team Trial use Implementation
SETT Framework Helps to organize AT assessment/intervention S - Student E - Environment T - Task T - Tools
SETT Framework Student What does the student need to do? What are the student’s special needs? What are the student’s current abilities
SETT Framework Environment What materials and equipment are currently available at school? What is the physical arrangement? What is the instructional content? What supports are available to the student?
SETT Framework Tasks What activities need to take place? What modifications can be made? How can AT support participation?
SETT Framework Tools What has already been tried? No tech, low tech, high tech options? Success/Failure? Why?
Types of Assistive Technology No tech – requires no special or adapted equipment; changes in environment, positioning; change in routine Low tech – often homemade simple equipment or modifications High tech – sophisticated, electronic, interactive devices; often requires extensive training
Types of Assistive Technology “ It is important to realize that by law all of these devices are assistive technologies and that a no-tech device has as much value as a high tech one for users who find the device has enhanced their functioning, independence, and quality of life.” Scherer 1996
Areas of Intervention Writing in any subject Communication Reading Math Music Art Gym/play/mobility
Writing – No Tech Lying in prone on floor, propped on elbows Working in vertical Proper desk/chair height Utensil options, i.e. mechanical pencils, softer/harder lead, markers, thicker/thinner pencils
Writing – Low Tech Slant board
Writing-Low Tech PVC Adapted Holder
Writing-Low Tech Sponge ball grip
Writing-Low Tech Stay put folder (left) Writing Template (right)
Writing-Low Tech Other low tech options Adapted paper, i.e. Raised Line, multi colored lines Highlighted lines Chalk board Slant board Buddy notes Keyguards, keycaps, moisture guards
Writing-Low Tech Various pencil grips Built-up or weighted pencils Alternative utensils And many more! Use your creativity!
Writing- High Tech Portable word processors, i.e. AlphaSmart, Dana, PDA’s, EdgeWrite
Writing- High Tech Computers and any of the following modifications: Alternative keyboards (Intellikeys, Mini Tash, Little Fingers, Big Keys) Mouse alternatives (trackballs, Touch Screens) Specialized word processing software, i.e. CoWriter, WriteOutLoud, Inspiration Specialized input systems, i.e. Intellikeys (overlays), headpointing systems, onscreen keyboard, switches Standard operating system adaptations
Writing- High Tech Check out your computers standard operating system adaptations first!
Writing- High Tech You can make changes to: Display (fonts,icons, borders, colors) Mouse pointer (size, color, flashing, tail) Keyboard (repeats, change layout and language) Accessibility Options give even more options for keyboard, sound, mouse.
Writing- High Tech Go to Programs/Accessories/Accessibility to access the Accessibility Wizard to help set up your computer for vision, hearing, or mobility problems. Magnifier Narrator (Windows 2000/XP) - text-to-speech utility to hear the contents of Windows programs including the active window, menu options or text that has been typed On Screen Keyboard (Windows 2000/XP)
Communication Communication boards/books Simple voice output device (1 by Four Talker, Big Mac) Voice Output Device with Static Displays (Superhawk, MessageMate) Voice Output Device with Dynamic Display (Dynamyte) Talking Picture Book
Communication-Low Tech Photo Cosmetic Bag Keychain Communication Bag Tempo Loop Tray Talking Picture Frames Yak Bak
Communication – Mid/High Tech Cheap Talk 1 by 4 Talker DynaMyte
Reading – High Tech Reading Pens Computers – check your standard operating system for built-in accomodations, i.e. auto- text, auto-correct, auto-summarize, magnification Screen/text readers, i.e. Kurzweil 3000, eReader, Adobe reader, Windows 2000/XP Narrator Digital books Audio books
Math-Low Tech Graph paper Notebook paper turned sideways to form columns Number stamps Magnetic numbers Plexiglass rulers with color coded increments
Math-High Tech Talking calculators (hand held or online) Programs/Accessories/Calculator – standard and scientific calculators CalcuScribe – interactive calculator/word processor Webmath – online math problem solver (all ages)
Math-High Tech Software, i.e. MathPad for Intellikeys * Make your own worksheets * Math pad will read the problems aloud to the student. * Complete each problem one at a time; completed problems are printed out as a single worksheet.
Music – Low Tech Built up handles Velcro around handle and on glove
Music – Low Tech Splinting material or Sculpey clay to reshape handles Soft hair band stretched across back of hand and looped around each end of utensil in palm Bells sewn to mittens Hanging rattles, chimes, bells from dowel; can use gross swiping motion Key extenders out of popsicle sticks, or by using a knob strapped between fingers to use keyboard
Music –High Tech Soundbeam converts physical movements, large or small, into sound by using information from interruptions of ultrasonic pulses. Switches to activate computer Software, i.e. Making Music (includes a composer, melody and rhythm maker,building blocks, flip book, and games. Reading is not required)
Art-Low Tech Paintbrush alternatives * Bingo dabbers * Squeeze bottles * empty roll on deodorant bottles Paint rollers can be adapted by adding a dowel across the top for use with both hands. Also an extender can be added to the handle for floor painting from a wheelchair. If the student has weak grasp, a tennis ball can be slit, and added to the end of the handle
Art-Low Tech Salad spinner Spin Art Built up paint roller
Art-Low Tech Rubber stamps – build up with film cannister, small ball, knob, etc. Scissors – loop, rolling, spring Paper holder made with wood, plumbing pieces, and 2 magnets
Art-High Tech Use of a computer and any of the following: Software, i.e. KidPix, Crayola Print Factory, and Art Explorer (MAC only). Adaptive peripherals including a switch, alternative keyboad, or a touch tablet, such as a TouchWindow, or IntelliKeys
Gym/Play/Mobility – Low/High Tech Encourage movement, i.e. bubbles. Balloons, switch toys Adapted games Auditory/lighted balls for rolling or catch See handout on adapted Physical Education Tennis balls on walker legs to slide walker (for balance and/or strength issues Tennis ball, dowels, joysticks for electric wheelchair
Gym/Play/Mobility Transfer Web (directions in handouts)
Assistive Technology - Integration Integration Strategies Let the student play with the device Include devices in activities/songs/classroom activities Use devices for spontaneous commenting Model and wait Show excitement Respond to student’s use of the device
AT – Additional Resources PaTTAN – (Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistance Network) - Short Term Loans, workshops, printed resources PIAT (Pennsylvania Initiative on Assistive Technology) – Advocacy, referrals, lending library, training, public awareness about AT LIU #12 OT Dept. Assistive Technology Lending Library – see list contact Sue Chynoweth COTA/L, ATS
AT and the School-Based Therapist "For people without disabilities, technology makes things easier. For people with disabilities, technology makes things possible."