Presentation on theme: "New Possibilities for Meaningful Leisure Experiences"— Presentation transcript:
1 New Possibilities for Meaningful Leisure Experiences
2 ObjectivesReflect on the impact of the institutional, medical model of care on leisure policies, practices, and experiences in long-term care homesConsider how a community, relational model of living might reshape leisure policies, practices, and experiences in long-term care homesLearn about Authentic Partnerships and Living and Celebrating Life through LeisureEnvision new possibilities for meaningful leisure experiences
3 Getting to know each other… Divide into pairsIntroduce yourself to your partner and interview each other using the following question:Thinking about your personality, what type of building would you be if you were a building? What type of kitchen utensil? What type of transportation vehicle?We will invite those who wish to share what you found out
4 Creating a safe space ….What do you need to feel safe to share your stories, experiences, and opinions?What do you need from your facilitators?What do you need from your colleagues?What do you need from the space to participate in meaningful ways?
5 Culture Change… is an organic on-going and evolving process involves critically examining the language, values, assumptions, attitudes, practices, approaches, and policies embedded within an organisationis a movement from the medical/institutional model of care to a relational/social model of livinginvolves the development and implementation of a comprehensive set of fundamental reforms in order “to create caring communities where both empowered front-line staff and [Elders and families] can flourish” (Rahman & Schnelle, 2008, pp )Explore with group what culture change means to them then share culture change definition
6 Culture Change is NOT… an end product or outcome solely a quality improvement initiativea specific program or model of care that is implementeda one-size fits all approachtop-down mandate imposed by otherseasy
7 Reflections on the medical, institutional model of care
8 Small Group Exercise #1Take turns to read out the characteristics of the medical/institutional model outlined on the handoutBased on your experiences and observations, together identify some of the impacts of the institutional/medical model on leisure policies, practices and experiences in long-term care homesCreate a skit that presents some of the impacts you discussed
9 Dramatic Performances and Large Group Discussion Which aspects of the institutional, medical model are observed in each of the performances?What are the similarities and differences between the performances?What other impacts are you aware of that were not shown in the skits?
10 Recreational Therapya treatment service designed to restore, remediate and rehabilitate a person’s level of functioning and independence in life activities, to promote health and wellness as well as reduce or eliminate the activity limitations and restrictions to participation in life situations caused by an illness or disabling condition.(ATRA, 2009)But we haven’t always thought about meaningful engagement and well-being in terms of leisure. In fact, earlier in our careers, we were trained to think about my service delivery paradigm very differently. As a CTRS, I was trained to think of ‘recreational therapy’ as a treatment service designed to restore, remediate and rehabilitate functional deficits. Over the years, as we’ve reflected on various professional practice paradigms, we’ve come to sense that some paradigms and approaches align better with our culture change values than others and we hope to help you reflect on how your own practices align with the culture change values today.
11 Therapeutic Recreation a profession which recognizes leisure, recreation and play as integral components of quality of life. Service is provided to individuals who have physical, mental, social or emotional limitations which impact their ability to engage in meaningful leisure experiences.is directed toward functional interventions, leisure education and participation opportunities. These processes support the goal of assisting the individual to maximize the independence in leisure, optimal health and the highest possible quality of life.(CTRA)The focus on the functionist and interventionist aspects of leisure are also apparent in the Canadian Therapeutic Recreation Association description of TR.
12 Common ImplicationsDominance of the biomedical paradigm undervaluing of leisure and a diversional or therapy focus (i.e., recreation as distraction, treatment or intervention) undermines personhoodProfessionalization of activities and recreation departmentalized approachLarge group programs and too few individually meaningful opportunitiesStructured programs and too few spontaneous and self-initiated opportunities disrupts the rhythms of daily lifeApproaching leisure in this way has a number of implications for us a recreation professionals as well as for those with whom we work. Ask yourself, how many of these challenges exist within your community? How many of these implications have you witnessed?
13 Common Implications (cont’d) Assessments tend to focus on measuring functional levels in order to identify deficits in need of treatment or interventionLimitations experienced are often attributed to the illness or disability with little regard for social or environmental factorsValuing independence over interdependenceLittle attention is given to strengths and continued abilities, and how Elders themselves think about recreation and leisure in their lives
14 Small Group Exercise #2On your tables you will find an envelope with quotes from our research with persons living with dementiaRead the quotes aloudDiscuss together:What are the consequences of the medical, institutional model on older adults reflected in the quotes?
15 Reflections on culture change values and the relational, social model of living
16 Guided Imagery Exercise Sit back, relax, close your eyes, take a deep breath, and put yourself in the story.
17 Small Group Exercise #3In small groups, take turns sharing the images you envisionedAfter everyone has shared, together choose three words to describe how your group’s images were different from the impacts presented in the skitsWe will hear a sample of responses
18 Culture Change Values… Choice and self-determinationDignity and respectNurturing body, mind and spiritKnowing and focusing on the personLiving lifeEnabling, normalizing environmentsClose interdependent relationshipsCollaborative decision-makingFlexibilityMake link between images they had from the story and the culture change values. Wouldn’t we all want to live in a place like Hillside?
19 Small Group Exercise #4Take turns to read out the characteristics of the relational/social model outlined on the handoutTogether discuss what would need to change in your earlier skit to align the leisure policies, practices and experiences with the relational/social model?Transform your earlier skit into a new skit that reflects the relational/social model
20 Dramatic Performances and Large Group Discussion Which aspects of the relational, social model are observed in each of the performances?What are the similarities and differences between the performances?How might individual experiences change if the relational, social model was a reality?
22 Paired Interviews on Leisure Find a partner you have not worked with beforeTogether explore what leisure means to each of you and what you would need for meaningful leisure if you moved into a LTC home? What would you want your leisure to look like?Share with the larger group
23 Leisure is an Experience “It is the quality of the experience of doing the activity, not the activity itself, that makes it leisure. Leisure is mainly motivated by intrinsic reasons, that is, the activity is chosen because of the meaningful qualities it holds for the individual. Therefore, leisure is primarily an experience.”(Kelly, 1982)
24 Leisure is an Expression of Our Humanity“Of all species, humans are the biggest players of all. We are built to play and built through play. When we play, we are engaged in the purest expression of our humanity, the truest expression of our individuality… It energizes us and enlivens us. It eases our burdens. It renews our natural sense of optimism and opens us up to new possibilities… Play is the vital essence of life. It is what makes life lively.” (Brown, 2009)This is similar to Dr. Charlie Sylvester’s assertion made over 25 years ago. He argued that leisure has intrinsic value as an expression of life itself. He said, “The main distinction separating the functional and expressive sides of life rests in the difference between being simply alive and being vitally human.” When faced with illness or disability or other life challenges, leisure provides a space not only for natural healing but for being– for celebrating who we are and providing a means to continue to live life despite illness, disability or challenges. The research that I will soon present supports this notion and suggests that the most meaningful leisure experiences according to persons with dementia can only happen when they have opportunities to reveal and engage the expressive sides of who they are as human beings – as one of our research participants said: [leisure is] “when the heart is at ease and happy, when the mind is calm, and when the soul feels like singing.”
25 Leisure is Well-Being“Leisure provides the opportunity to consider the kind of life a person wishes to live, permitting reflection on the personal meaning of well-being and how it might be achieved… leisure provides the opportunity to do those things people consider meaningful and worthwhile… leisure allows people to reflect and to realize the personal values that constitute their well- being.” (Sylvester, 1992)
26 Leisure is a Human Right “Leisure is among a new generation of human rights. Like other rights, awareness and acceptance of the right to leisure will require time… It will necessitate individuals sufficiently courageous to challenge the status quo. Serious consideration of the right to leisure, moreover, will call for reform in therapeutic recreation. What calling the field of therapeutic recreation ultimately chooses to hear, however, and how well it responds, remains to be seen. History will be our judge, as time will either tell on us or about us.” (Sylvester, 1992)
27 We must reach beyond therapy and diversion and embrace leisure “Leisure… is the celebration of freedom at its crowning point.” (Sylvester, 1987, p. 81)
28 New Possibilities From an Emphasis on To an Emphasis on Assessment as a One-Way ProcessDialogue- and Relationship-Centered ‘Getting to Know Each Other’Functional Domains(cognitive, physical, social, emotional, spiritual, and psychological)Valued LeisureExperiencesFunctional LimitationsAbilities, talents, gifts, aspirationsActivity InterestsKnowing the Whole PersonDiversional or TherapeuticMeaningfulWhat would it mean if we did things differently, thought about leisure differently. What would be the possibilities of leisure?
29 Small Group Exercise #6Work together to identify new possibilities you can envision for meaningful leisure experiences within your LTC environment, possibilities that align your leisure practice with the culture change valuesWrite each possibility on a separate post-it note and post on the wallWe will hear a sample of your new possibilities
30 Dot-mocracyTake five minutes and circulate among the new possibility themesChoose the new possibility or possibilities for leisure that energise you the mostPlace your three ‘sticky dots’ beside your favourite new possibilities – you can put all dots on one or beside three separate ones
31 Small Group Exercise #7Each of the small groups will be assigned one of the new possibilities to work onUsing the Designing Our Way Forward Table, identify three to five actions (things that would need to happen/change) and the supports/resources needed in order to achieve each of the new possibilitiesShare your actions with the larger group
32 Watch yourself. Every minute we change. It is a great opportunity Watch yourself. Every minute we change. It is a great opportunity. At any point, we can step out of our frozen selves and our ideas and begin afresh. (Natalie Goldberg, 1986, Writing Down the Bones)
33 What Will You Do?In order to support the meaningful leisure experiences of those with whom I work, I plan to…Please write your goal in the space provided on your handout.
34 Reflections on the Day Learning Circle Please share:What was this experience like for you today?Thank You!Other comments or questions