Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Food Safety Provided Courtesy of Review Date 8/13 G-1504.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Food Safety Provided Courtesy of Review Date 8/13 G-1504."— Presentation transcript:

1 Food Safety Provided Courtesy of Review Date 8/13 G-1504

2 Foodborne illness Food contamination Personal hygiene Preparing, cooking, and serving foods Receiving and storing foods Cleaning and sanitizing Areas of Discussion

3 Foodborne Illness

4 Microorganisms The major cause of a foodborne illness You cannot feel, see, or taste them Very quick to multiply in potentially hazardous foods Most of the foods we eat contain one or more type of microorganism

5 Potentially Hazardous Foods Foods capable of supporting the rapid and progressive growth of harmful microorganisms: Milk and milk products Shelled eggs Sprouts Raw seeds Melons Soy-protein foods Corn Peas Rice Potatoes Fish Shellfish Meat—beef, pork, lamb Poultry Cooked rice, beans, other heat-treated plant foods

6 Types of Microorganisms Bacteria Virus Parasite Fungus Two groups of food contaminants: – Pathogen (cannot see, smell, or taste) – Spoilage (can see, smell, or taste)

7 How Do Microorganisms Grow? FAT TOM: Food (potentially hazardous foods) Acid (pH slightly acidic or neutral) Temperature (danger zone: 41˚F to 135˚F) Time (less than 4 hours) Oxygen (presence of) Moisture (water helps growth)

8 Foodborne Illness Caused by bacteria: ̶ Salmonellosis ̶ Shigellosis ̶ Vibrio gastroenteritis ̶ Hemorrhagic colitis ̶ Staphylococcal gastroenteritis ̶ Botulism Caused by virus: ̶ Hepatitis A

9 Restrictions From Work If you or a worker is experiencing: Sore throat Runny nose Diarrhea Fever Vomiting BEST PRACTICE IS TO GO HOME

10 Food Contamination

11 Cross Contamination A food service worker handling the food contact area of a plate or glass An employee preparing cooked food where raw food was placed without properly cleaning and sanitizing the area first

12 Types of Hazardous Substances Physical: – Hair, bandages, dirt, metal items, and fingernails Biological: – Bacteria, viruses, parasites, and toxins Chemical: – Cleaning products, toxic metal residue, and pesticides

13 Ways Food Can Become Contaminated Poor personal hygiene: – Leading cause of foodborne illnesses – Improper hand washing – Dirty work clothes Temperature and time abuse: – 41˚F to 135˚F is the danger zone – No more than 4 hours in the danger zone Improper cleaning and sanitizing

14 Personal Hygiene

15 Basics of Good Hygiene Good personal grooming Clean clothes Proper use of aprons Hair restraints No jewelry Trimmed and clean fingernails

16 Proper Hand Washing Rinse hands in warm water (about 105˚F) Apply hand soap Scrub hands and exposed arms for 20 seconds—do not forget between fingers and under rings Rinse hands Use a single-serve towel or air dryer Apply hand sanitizer (optional)

17 Proper Hand Washing (cont’d) Never wash your hands in a prep sink or dish-washing sink Wash hands in a designated hand-washing station Do not substitute hand sanitizer for proper hand washing, but you can use hand sanitizer after hand washing

18 When to Wash Hands After using the bathroom After touching bare body parts After coughing, sneezing, or using tissues After eating, drinking, or smoking After handling soiled equipment or utensils After food preparation After clearing table or dishes After removing or disposing of trash

19 Proper Use of Gloves Gloves can contaminate as well Do not rely on gloves to feel you are safe Change gloves: – After completing a task and beginning a new task – If they become dirty – After handing raw meat, poultry, or fish – Before handling ready-to-eat or cooked food

20 Proper Care of Cuts, Burns, Sores, Infections Report to supervisor Cover with a clean, dry bandage May need reassigned to nonfood contact duties Wash each time you put on a new bandage

21 Preparing, Cooking, and Serving Foods

22 Four Methods of Thawing Foods In refrigerator at 41˚F or lower, and on the bottom shelf and in a container that will hold thawing liquid Under potable (drinking) running water that is 70˚F or lower In the microwave, if cooking food immediately During the regular cooking process

23 Temperature Danger Zone 41˚F to 135˚F* Must either cook or store below 41˚F within 4 hours *Some states require 140˚F. Check with your local health department.

24 Temperature Danger Zone (cont’d) Cold foods: 41˚F or lower Hot foods*: 135˚F or higher *Some states require 140˚F for hot holding. Check with your local health department.

25 Proper Minimum Internal Cooking Temperature Poultry: 165˚F for 15 seconds Ground meats: 155˚F for 15 seconds Pork and beef (steak or chops): 145˚F for 15 seconds Fish: 145˚F for 15 seconds Reheat all food to an internal temperature of 165˚F

26 Serving Food Properly Hold plates by the bottom or at the edge: – Never touch the food-contact surface Hold cups by bottom or handle: – Never put fingers on the rim of the glass – Never put fingers inside the glass Hold silverware by the handle: – Never touch the food-contact surface

27 Serving Food Properly (cont’d) Use long-handled utensils, such as tongs or scoops, for one food only Never allow your hands to come in contact with the food Scoop ice with proper utensil, not a cup

28 Cooling Foods Two-stage method of cooling: – Stage 1: Cool food from 135˚F to 70˚F within 2 hours – Stage 2: Cool food from 70˚F to 41˚F within 4 hours Methods to cool food: – Ice bath – Divide food in shallow pans, then refrigerate – Blast chiller

29 Receiving and Storing Foods

30 Accepting and Rejecting Food Delivery Use the senses (smell, sight, and touch) when inspecting a food delivery Reject food when you notice: – Signs of pests – Ice crystals in box or package of food – Torn, broken, or damaged boxes, packages, or cans – Expiration/use-by date has passed – Dry foods are damp

31 Receiving Temperature of Foods Meat: 41˚F or lower Poultry: 41˚F or lower Fish: 41˚F or lower Eggs: Air temperature of 45˚F or lower Dairy products: 41˚F or lower Shellfish: 45˚F or lower and alive Packaged food: 41˚F or lower Produce: No temperature requirements

32 Proper Use of a Thermometer Clean and sanitize stem of thermometer prior to each use with alcohol Insert thermometer into the thickest part of the food Do not allow thermometer to touch the base of the pan

33 Proper Use of a Thermometer (cont’d) Wait a minimum of 15 seconds after the needle stops moving to take the temperature reading Wipe thermometer stem in between foods

34 Calibration of a Bimetallic- Stemmed Thermometer Fill a container with ice and add drinkable water Place thermometer stem into ice water making sure it is submerged Allow 30 seconds from the time the needle stops moving

35 Calibration of a Bimetallic- Stemmed Thermometer (cont’d) Locate adjusting nut and hold securely Rotate until needle reads 32˚F (do not remove thermometer from water while adjusting)

36 Storage of Food FIFO—first in, first out Store foods in original packaging, whenever possible Clearly label all foods with date

37 Storage of Food (cont’d) Do not overload shelves or store food on floors or against walls Store all foods a minimum of 6 above the floor on clean shelves or racks Store food only in protected areas, never in restrooms or utility rooms

38 Cleaning and Sanitizing

39 Definitions Cleaning: Involves the removal of food, residues, dirt, and grease Sanitizing: Reduces harmful microorganisms to a level that is safe through the use of a chemical-sanitizing solution

40 Use a Three-Step Process Clean Rinse Sanitize

41 Cleaning Use cleaning agents that remove food, soil, and stains Examples: Rinsing dishes, sweeping the floor, and removing dust from overhead vents Clean entire kitchen on a regular basis

42 Sanitizing Use high heat or chemical sanitizers Must sanitize anything that comes in contact with food Sanitize all dishes, pots and pans, utensils, knives, and worktables after each use or every 4 hours Clean and sanitize knives and utensils when moving from one food item to another

43 Dish Machine Use manufacturer’s instruction for heat and/or chemical sanitizing Have test strips available to assure proper concentration of sanitizer, if using chemical sanitizing Keep temperature logs of dishwasher temperatures at each shift

44 Pot Sink Use chemical sanitizers according to manufacturer’s instructions Keep test strips available to test for proper concentration, if using chemical sanitizer Keep temperature logs available and record during each shift

45 Sanitizing Work Surfaces Use facility-approved sanitizing solution in spray bottles Have test strips available to test sanitizer concentration Use clean clothes when sanitizing Sanitize prep sinks after each use

46 Preventing Foodborne Illness Purchase, store, and prepare food carefully Have thermometers available and use them Keep thermometers calibrated Practice good personal hygiene Clean and sanitize regularly

47 Reference National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation. Serve Safe Essentials. 5th ed. Chicago, IL: National Restaurant Association Educational; 2008.

Download ppt "Food Safety Provided Courtesy of Review Date 8/13 G-1504."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google