Presentation on theme: "Jain Monks and Nuns (Muni / Sadhu / Saadhvi)"— Presentation transcript:
1Jain Monks and Nuns (Muni / Sadhu / Saadhvi) When a person renounces the worldly life and all the attachments, and isinitiated into monkshood or nunhood, the man is called Sadhu, Shraman or Muniand the woman is called Sadhvi, Shramani, or Aryi.This process is also called as taking ‘Deeksha’ or Diksha.When they get initiated into the life of Sadhus and Sadhvis, they take five major vowsand act strictly in accordance with those vows. The five major vows are:1) Vow of absolute Non-violence.2) Vow of absolute Truthfulness3) Vow of absolute Non-stealing4) Vow of absolute Celibacy5) Vow of absolute Non-attachment.A kshullak (or kshullaka, lit. small or junior) is a junior Digambar Jain monkSanthara is a ritual in Jainism where a person voluntary fasts to death. It is a procedure in which a Jain completely stops eating or drinking with the intention of preparing for death. It is also known by the names of Sallekhana, Samnyasa maran an Samadhi marana.Examples of Jain Acharya’s / Sadhvi’sAcharya VidyanandajiAcharya Vidyasagarji Acharya Shri Vimal sagar ji MaharajAcharya Shri Bharat sagar ji MaharajAacharya Shri Pushpadant Sagar Ji MaharajGanini Pramukh Shri Gyanmati MatajiSadhvi sumangala shri ji maharajSadhvi yashobhadraa shri ji maharaj
2Chaturmas means the four months of the monsoon, during which Some special rules of conduct for sadhus and sadhvisThe Jain sadhus or sadhvis do not take food or water after the sunset or before sunrise.They wait 48 minutes after the sun-rise before even drinking boiled water.Gochari (Alm): Jain sadhus/sadhvis do not cook their food, do not get it prepared forthem, or do not accept any food which was prepared for them. They go to differenthouseholders that are Jains or vegetarians and receive a little food from each house.This practice is called Gochari. Some differences in practices of Digambers - All of them eat once a day from "Choka".These chokas are arranged by Householders and they invite Monks and nuns to accept the food from there.Digambar monks and elaks eat standing up and in their hands. Khulaks eat in oneutensil. Nuns eat in their hand or in utensil.Vihar: They always walk with bare feet. When they travel from one place to another, whatevermay be the distance they always go walking. They do not use any vehicle like bullock cart, car,boat, ship or plane for traveling. Whether it is cold weather or scorching sun; whether the roadis stony or thorny; whether it is the burning sand of a desert or a burning road, they do notwear any foot-wear at any time.They do not stay more than a few days in any one place except during the rainy season which isabout four months in duration. The sadhus and sadhvis generally do not go out at night. Theplace where they stay is called Upashray or Paushadh Shala. The reason they do not stay anywhere permanently or for a longerperiod in one place is to avoid developing attachment for material things and the people around themChaturmas means the four months of the monsoon, during whichascetics stay in one place. Staying in one place during the monsoonreduces the risk of causing accidental death to numerous insects andsmaller forms of life that thrive during the rains.
3Some special rules of conduct for sadhus and sadhvis LochThe Jain Sadhus and Sadhvis after receiving the Diksha (initiation) do not cut theirhair or shave their heads; nor do they get these things done by a barber.But twice a year or at least once a year at the time of Paryushan, theypluck off their hairs or they get the hairs plucked by others.This is called Keshlochan or Loch.This way they are not dependent on others to carry out their needs.It is also considered as one kind of austerity where one bares the pain ofplucking of the hairs calmly.Clothing: They always wear un-stitched or minimally stitched white clothes.Some Jain sadhus do not wear the clothes.Those who wear clothes have a muhapati a square or rectangular piece of cloth of a prescribed measurement either in their hand or tied on their face covering the mouth.They also have Ogho or Rajoharan (a broom of woolen threads) to clean insects around their sitting place or while they are walking. Sadhus who do not wear any clothes have morpichhi and kamandal in their hands
4Acharya Shri Vidyasagarji maharaj Born as Vidyadhar, 10 October 1946 onsharad Purnima in Sadalga, District Belgaum, Karnataka.His father was Shri Mallappa, who later becameMuni Mallisagar and eventually attained samadhi.His mother Shrimati later became Aryika Samayamati,who has also attained samādhi.He was initiated as a monk by Acharya Gyansagar,who belonged to the lineage of Acharya Shantisagar,in Ajmer in He was elevated to the Acharya status in 1972.कंजूस अपना धन जोड-जोड कर दूसरों को छोड जाता है, उससे बडा दानी कौन होगा।Who will be a greater donor than a miser who accumulating wealth leaves it for others?Acharya Shri Vidyasagarji maharaj
5Munishri Kshamasagar Ji Munishri Kshamasagar Ji, the disciple of Acharya Shri Vidhyasagar Ji Maharaj is among one of the most respected Jain Munis.Muni Kshamasagar ji, an M.Tech. from the Sagar University, renounced all the worldly pleasures and material belongings to become an ascetic at the tender age of 23 to tread on the path of peace and salvation as propagated by his Guru Acharya Shri Vidhyasagar ji MaharajGender : Male Birth: 20 Sep.1957, Sagar (M.P.) Education: M.Tech, Sagar University Birth name: Virendra Kr. Singhai Mother: Smt.Asha Devi Father: Sh.Jeevan Kr. Singhai Kshullak Diksha: Nainagiri,10 Jan.1980 Ailak Diksha: Muktagiri, 7 Nov.1980 Muni Diksha: Nainagiri, 20 Aug.1982
6Triangle Jains - Monthly meeting format & organizational needs Meeting Starts 11:00 AM EST – Every 2nd Sunday of each month.11:00 – 11: Namokaar Mantra, Group Bhajans, Aarti11:45-11: Bhaktambar Stotra translation11:55 – 12: Kids Corner12:20 – 1:00 PM Group discussion (Adults present)Please be on Time – Meeting starts11:00AM EST.Host will be responsible for Adult discussion preparation.They are expected to present from any of the available topics.Kids corner to have designated volunteers for each meetingThey will prepare the kids on any of the topics of interest from the curriculum (to be posted).Regular attendance will help maintain consistency around discussions.Website Launched –Environmental friendly paper products. – Need to continue in 2013.Upcoming Events announcementsFeedback / observations received. (Do not leave discussion until its over)Kids CornerEncourage your kids to participate. Build leadership skills !Variety of activities for kids of all ages.Parents - take initiative !!! Suggestions / Feedback / Concerns !! Please let all know.
7Vigyan@parimal place Jan 2013 Triangle Jains Monthly Meeting - Group discussionsGeneral format for each meeting - Adults present kids friendly version 12:20 – 1:00 PMBhaktambar stotra translation - 1 stotra each meeting10 minDiscussion / presentation topic35 minSample Agenda 2013MonthLead PresenterIntroduction to Jain Sadhus & Sadhvi’sJan 2013placeKarma Theory – Jain ViewDeeper dive - Jainism historical perspectiveMeditation – Jain ViewNon Violence – Jain thoughts and philosophyIntro to Jain GranthsCommon Jain rituals and reasoning / pooja veedhiJain Festivals – Why and How do we celebrateJain siddhanths /philosophy (Simple concepts / stories)Annual Review