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Ch. 46 Review questions and vocabulary. 1. What is the standard system of measurement in the United States called? The standard system of measurement.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch. 46 Review questions and vocabulary. 1. What is the standard system of measurement in the United States called? The standard system of measurement."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 46 Review questions and vocabulary

2 1. What is the standard system of measurement in the United States called? The standard system of measurement in the USA is called customary system.

3 2. What two basic units of measurement are used in the metric system? The two basic units of measurement used in the metric system are liters and grams.

4 3. Which method is used by scientists and nutritionists? The method used by scientists and nutritionists is the metric system.

5 4. What are the abbreviations for customary volume measurements? The abbreviations for customary volume measurements are tsp., Tbsp., fl. oz., C., pt., qt., and gal.

6 5. What are the two abbreviations for metric volume measurements? The two abbreviations for metric volume measurements are mL and L.

7 6. By what customary units are both volume and weight measured? Both volume and weight are measured in oz.

8 7. What customary measurement terms are used to measure temperature and length? The customary measurement terms that are used to measure temperature and length is: Temperature: degrees Fahrenheit Length: feet and inches

9 8. What metric measurement terms are used to measure temperature and length? The metric measurement terms that are used to measure temperature and length are: Temperature: degrees Celsius Length: millimeters and centimeters

10 9. Why is using a clear glass or plastic measuring cup preferable to using a dry measuring cup when measuring liquids? Using a clear glass or plastic measuring cup is preferable to using a dry measuring cup when measuring liquids because you can see the measurement at eye level through the cup.

11 10. Why should a food preparer not use a coffee cup to measure a cup of liquid? A food preparer should not use a coffee cup to measure a cup of liquid because it is not equal to one cup.

12 11. Why should a food preparer not pour an ingredient into a measuring utensil over the bowl in which the ingredients are being mixed? A food preparer should not pour an ingredient into a measuring utensil over the bowl in which the ingredients are being mixed because there is the chance you would overflow the ingredient and too much gets into the bowl.

13 12. What method should be used to measure thick liquids, such as honey? The method you should use to measure thick liquids, such as honey, is to coat the measuring cup or spoon with cooking spray or a bit of cooking oil.

14 13. How should a food preparer measure a dry amount that is smaller than the smallest measuring spoon available? A food preparer should measure a dry amount that is smaller than the smallest measuring spoon available by filling to the top, leveling it, and then half it.

15 14. What are the steps to ensure an accurate measurement of dry ingredients? The steps used to make an accurate measurement of dry ingredients is to use the correct cup size, fill to the brim, and then level it off.

16 15. Why should a food preparer not shake the cup into which he or she has measured flour? A food preparer should not shake the cup into which he or she has measured flour because it may pack down the flour, giving more than you needed.

17 16. What method should be used to measure brown sugar accurately? You should press the brown sugar down firmly into the measuring cup and then level it off to get an accurate measurement.

18 17. What types of recipes can be easily adjusted to serve a greater or lesser number of people? Mixtures of food – stews, salads, and casseroles – and some desserts can be easily adjusted to serve a greater or lesser number of people.

19 18. Why is it difficult to adjust the recipes for certain baked products? It is difficult to adjust some baked products because the cooking time is often dependent on the size of the pan and adjusting the total recipe to make a larger or smaller amount can be complicated.

20 19. What does a meat thermometer do? A meat thermometer measures the internal temperature of meat and poultry. It also indicates the recommended final temperature for a variety of meats and poultry.

21 20. What is a kitchen scale used for? A kitchen scale is used to measure ingredients by weight.

22 Customary system Is the standard system of measurement used in the United States.

23 equivalent the same amount expressed in a different way using a different unit of measure

24 Metric system the system of measurement used in most of the world

25 volume The amount of space taken up by an ingredient


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