Presentation on theme: "American History Chapter 16-3"— Presentation transcript:
1American History Chapter 16-3 Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal
2Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt became president in 1901. Bully pulpit: T.R. used the presidency as a platform for change.
3Roosevelt’s Presidency Roosevelt broke up a major coal strike by threatening to take control of the mines.1904 campaign slogan: The Square Deal.Promised all Americans fair treatment.Used the Sherman Antitrust Act to bust up bad trusts.Elkins Act: Protected RR customers from unfair rates.Hepburn Act: Gave the ICC the power to regulate interstate trade.
4Consumer Protection Under T.R. Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle: Exposed the meat packing industry & their unsanitary practices.Congress passed the Meat Inspection Act: Required federal inspection of meat passing over state lines.Pure Food & Drug Act: Forbade the making & sale of food & medicines that contained harmful ingredients.Also required ingredient labels.Sinclair
5Environmental Protection John Muir: Naturalist who encouraged the gov’t. to preserve nature.“God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand tempests and floods. But he cannot save them from fools.” John MuirGifford Pinchot: First to use the word conservation in terms of protecting natural environment.
6Roosevelt’s Greatest Legacy President Roosevelt believed that natural resources were limited & and their use needed to be controlled.Newlands Reclamation Act: Provided federal irrigation projects to make arid land more useful.U.S. Forest Service: Est – Added 150 million acres of controlled & regulated national forests.Antiquities Act: 1906 law that led to 18 new national monuments during Roosevelt’s presidency.