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American History Chapter 16-3 Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal.

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Presentation on theme: "American History Chapter 16-3 Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal."— Presentation transcript:

1 American History Chapter 16-3 Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal

2 Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt became president in – Bully pulpit: T.R. used the presidency as a platform for change.

3 Roosevelt’s Presidency Roosevelt broke up a major coal strike by threatening to take control of the mines campaign slogan: The Square Deal. – Promised all Americans fair treatment. Used the Sherman Antitrust Act to bust up bad trusts. Elkins Act: Protected RR customers from unfair rates. Hepburn Act: Gave the ICC the power to regulate interstate trade.

4 Consumer Protection Under T.R. Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle: Exposed the meat packing industry & their unsanitary practices. – Congress passed the Meat Inspection Act: Required federal inspection of meat passing over state lines. – Pure Food & Drug Act: Forbade the making & sale of food & medicines that contained harmful ingredients. Also required ingredient labels. Sinclair

5 Environmental Protection John Muir: Naturalist who encouraged the gov’t. to preserve nature. – “God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand tempests and floods. But he cannot save them from fools.” John Muir John Muir Gifford Pinchot: First to use the word conservation in terms of protecting natural environment.

6 Roosevelt’s Greatest Legacy President Roosevelt believed that natural resources were limited & and their use needed to be controlled. – Newlands Reclamation Act: Provided federal irrigation projects to make arid land more useful. – U.S. Forest Service: Est – Added 150 million acres of controlled & regulated national forests. – Antiquities Act: 1906 law that led to 18 new national monuments during Roosevelt’s presidency.

7 Gila National Forest 1907

8 Devil’s Tower 1908

9 Grand Canyon 1908

10 Muir Woods 1908

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