Assignment Watch “Art of the Western World” @ learner.org and write a response to each part. 1. A White Garment of Churches (due week 6 and 7) Part I: Church as patron of Romanesque architecture and sculpture. Part II: Gothic architecture and High Gothic style. 2. The Early Renaissance. (due week 8 and 9) Part I: The rebirth of classical themes. Part II: Glowing color—Oil Paint
What do you see? (not what do you interpret) What is valued?
What to look for in art subject matter naturalism (realism) vs. abstraction materials and technology size and number particular practices, media, or genres
Premises literature : ideas :: art : culture Cultural ideas and values exist across pieces and media Art originates in religious and social rituals and in the expertise of a craft Art becomes instructive and entertaining and a sign of prosperity Only recently has art become a means of personal expression (Romanticism)
arts and ideas Pre-HellenicHellenicHellenisticRoman [Divinism]HumanismIndividualism[Cosmopolitanism] mystical hierarchical IdealismRealism[Stoicism/Epicurean ism] [conservatism] symbolismRationalismEmpiricism emotional technique Utilitarianism organization copying awerestraint, nobilityengagement, emotional response didactic, functional, pious naturalist vs abstract period, cultural idea, dominant mode, technique, effect
Early Christian and Byzantine HellenicRomanEarly ChristianByzantine Humanism[Cosmopolitanism][Divinism] Idealism[Stoicism/Epicurean ism] [conservatism] mysticism, inheritance of Greece and Rome mysticism, [inheritance of the East] RationalismUtilitarianism organization copying symbolism, [natural and common] symbolism, abstract and hierarchical restraint, nobilitydidactic, functional, pious devout, active, inclusive obedient, passive, subordinate Columns descend in the following categories: period, cultural idea, dominant mode, technique, effect naturalist (the representation is the artistic focus) vs abstract (the referent is the artistic focus)
Classical Times PeriodHellenicHellenisticRoman Cultural IdealHumanism [Humanism] Cultural Emphasis, dominant mode IdealismIndividualism[Cosmopolitanism][ Stoicism/Epicureani sm] [conservatism] Technical methodRationalismRealism Empiricism emotional technique Utilitarianism organization copying Effect on audiencerestraint, nobilityengagement, emotional response didactic, functional, pious
Culture, Art, and Ideas PeriodEarly Christian RomanesqueGothicInternational Gothic Renaissance Cultural Ideal Divinism Humanism Cultural Emphasis, dominant mode mysticism, inheritance of Greece and Rome Duality and Hierarchy: Contemplativ e or Active Life Opposition and Synthesis: materialism and sophistication classicism, individualism, “uomo universale” Technical method symbolism, natural and common abstraction, emblems, parables totalization, dynamism ornamentation, naturalism perspectivism, naturalism, rationalism Effect on audience devout, active, inclusive Faith or fealtyintellectuality and chivalry sensualismnobility, engagement practicescatacombspilgrimagestrade, public religious patronage antiquarianism science, history, private patronage
Romanesque to Gothic interior vs. exterior abbey vs. town judgment vs. majesty and Mary endowments vs. donations (guilds)
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