WHAT IS DARWINISM? It is a theory of evolution: All species deprive from their ancestors Survival of the fittest
THEORIST 1809-1882 English Naturalist Educated at The University of Edinburg Medical School Anaximander (610-546 BC) Theory: “Animal came from moist environment, And man evolved from a fish”
DARWIN’S IDEAS 1. Animals and plants are sometimes born with features that are different from those their parents but that they can pass on to their own offspring (random- variations) known as mutations 2. Animals produce more offspring than can survive therefore creating a struggle for existence ***Variations can give a species a better chance of surviving Evolution is not designed for purpose it is chance not purposeful
IDEOLOGY - IMPERIALISM Imperialism: A policy of extending a countries power and influence through diplomacy or military force Colonization Ex. North America Africa India
IDEOLOGY - CAPITALISM Winston Churchill: The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries
SUPPORTERS OF DARWINISM Adolf HitlerJohn W. BoothConstantine John D. RockefellerHenry Ford
THEORIST OPPOSITION Stephen Jay Gould- Contemporary Biologist George Mavrodes- Contemporary Philosopher 1.Naturalist “explicable entirely in terms of natural law without reference to a divine intention or intervention” 2.Theistic “a divine teleology in this process, a divine direction at each crucial stage in accordance with divine plan or intention” 1.Fossils do not support Darwin’s theory of evolution because there is such a large gap between records 2.The gaps show that evolution generally occurs by jumps Henri Bergson- Philosopher “The process of evolution is not blind and random but directed and purposeful” Michael J. Behe- Biochemist The complexity of human organism, including human beings cannot be explained by random processes but require the admission of “intelligent design”
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