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Urban America The Rebirth of Reform. Learning Targets  Know the work and ideas of Henry George.  Know the work and ideas of Lester Frank Ward.  Know.

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Presentation on theme: "Urban America The Rebirth of Reform. Learning Targets  Know the work and ideas of Henry George.  Know the work and ideas of Lester Frank Ward.  Know."— Presentation transcript:

1 Urban America The Rebirth of Reform

2 Learning Targets  Know the work and ideas of Henry George.  Know the work and ideas of Lester Frank Ward.  Know the work and ideas of Edward Bellamy.  Know what “naturalist” believed.  Know what Washington Gladden believed.  Know what Walter Rauschenbusch believed.  Know what the Salvation Army did for people.  Know what Dwight L. Moody believed.  Know the work of Jane Addams and Lillian Wald.  Know what Booker T. Washington did.

3 Solutions to “Gilded” America  Some people took action.  Some people provided new ideas.

4 Action  Lillian Wald established the Henry Street Settlement offering medical care, education, labor organization, and social and cultural programs.

5 Action  Booker T. Washington founded the Tuskegee Institute, a school for African Americans.

6 Action  Jane Adams opened the Hull House in Chicago, a settlement house.

7 Social Critism -Henry George on Progress and Poverty  Henry George published Progress and Poverty.  Land, he argued, was the basis of wealth, and people could grow wealthy just by waiting for land prices to rise.  George proposed a “single tax” on this unearned wealth to replace all other taxes.

8 Social Critism -Reform Darwinism  Lester Frank Ward published Dynamic Sociology.  Ward’s ideas came to be known as Reform Darwinism.  Government, he argued, could regulate the economy, cure poverty, and promote education more efficiently than could competition in the marketplace.  “Naturalists” believed that evolution did not apply to society. They believed that some people were simply caught in circumstances that they could not control.

9 Social Critism -Looking Backward  In 1888 Edward Bellamy published Looking Backward, , a novel about a young Bostonian who falls asleep in 1887 and awakens in the year 2000 to find that the United States has become a perfect society.

10 Helping the Urban Poor -The Social Gospel  An early advocate of the Social Gospel, Washington Gladden, tried to apply what he called “Christian law” to social problems.  Walter Rauschenbusch he believed that competition was the cause of many social problems, causing good people to behave badly.

11 Helping the Urban Poor -The Salvation Army and the YMCA  Salvation Army in It offered practical aid and religious counseling to the urban poor.

12 Helping the Urban Poor -Revivalism and Dwight L. Moody  Dwight L. Moody, was president of the Chicago YMCA in the late 1860s. He was a preacher and a revivalist.

13 Review Questions  What were the work and ideas of Henry George?  What were the work and ideas of Lester Frank Ward?  What were the work and ideas of Edward Bellamy?  What did “naturalist” believe?  What did Washington Gladden believe?  What did Walter Rauschenbusch believe?  What did the Salvation Army do for people?  What did Dwight L. Moody believe?  What was the work of Jane Addams and Lillian Wald?  What did Booker T. Washington do?


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