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REALISM & NATURALISM. REALISM  The attempt in literature and art to represent life as it really is, without sentimentalizing or idealizing it.  Realistic.

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Presentation on theme: "REALISM & NATURALISM. REALISM  The attempt in literature and art to represent life as it really is, without sentimentalizing or idealizing it.  Realistic."— Presentation transcript:

1 REALISM & NATURALISM

2 REALISM  The attempt in literature and art to represent life as it really is, without sentimentalizing or idealizing it.  Realistic writing often depicts the everyday life and speech of ordinary people

3 REALIST THEMES  Experience of the commonplace  Focus on the middle class  Industrial revolution  Interactions between different classes and countries  Complex ethical choices  Ordinary characters are studied in depth

4 REALIST CHARACTERS  Shared guilt or responsibility  Not extraordinary, everyday people, middle class folk  No distinctive heroes or villains, mix of strengths and flaws  Motivated by survival, greed, self-preservation, materialistic  Deep connection w nature, each other, social class & past  Intricate and layered  Democratic, open to change and experimentation

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6 REALIST WRITING STYLE  Regional dialects, extensive dialogue that connected w public  Simple language so everyone can understand it  Specific to a time period, or place, or time in history  Character is more important than the plot  Descriptive writing, even if it is graphic  Comic, satiric, or matter-of-fact  Narrated by an outside voice

7 NATURALISM  An extreme form of realism  Naturalistic writers usually depict the sordid side of life and show characters who are severely, if not hopelessly, limited by their environment or heredity.

8 NATURALIST THEMES  Nature (scientific observation)  Survival of the fittest  Lack of free will  Vice, dark side of humans & society  person vs. nature, person vs. self  Passions such as lust and greed

9 NATURALIST CHARACTERS  Frequently poorly educated or of the lower class  Their attempt at free will is hurt by forces beyond their control  Struggle with conscience and determining their fate  Characters controlled by fate & environment  Unable to stand up against the enormous weight of circumstances  Characters are pushed to their limits.

10 NATURALIST CHARACTERS  Heredity & environment control the individual  Rejection of the supernatural  Nature vs. nurture  Chance, fate & destiny  Poverty, crime, violence, racism, intolerance, disease, corruption, urban squalor, industrialism, prostitution

11 NATURALIST WRITING STYLE  No sugar coating  Objective narrator  Plot twist at the end  Detailed violence  Formal language, piling on of images  Attention to setting to the point of saturation

12 KEY TERMS  Verisimilitude-the appearance of truth  Brute within-strong, warring emotions, and a fight for survival  Vernacular- the language or dialect spoken by the people of a particular region  Determinism- belief that events are determined by forces beyond the control of human beings; all events have sufficient causes  Social Darwinism- survival of the fittest

13 KEY TERMS  Mimesis- imitation of the real world, as by re-creating instances of human action and events portraying objects found in nature  Muckrakers-American journalists & novelists who exposed corruption in big business and government


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