Learning Styles Tami Eggleston McKendree University
Learning and Cognitive Styles….. Take a moment to think about the ways that you PREFER to learn new things…..
Basic Learning Styles: Barsch, 1980 Auditory—remember best information they hear and discuss (like to talk, laugh, tell stories) Visual—need a mental model, image, or picture to learn (pictures, encourage drawing, graphs) Kinesthetic—learn best through movement and touching (hands on activities, move around class) If you are having trouble with your computer… A-call for help,V-Look for diagrams,K-trial/error VARK (added read/write) Survey
K inesthetic—movement and touching (hands on) V isual—image or picture (pictures, encourage drawing, graphs) A uditory—hear and discuss (like to talk, laugh, tell stories) R ead/Write
Raise your hand if….. 1.) You like to see pictures and diagrams when you learn 2.) You find too many pictures and graphics distracting 3.) You enjoy studying with music on in the background 4.) You can get distracted in class if too many people are talking 5.) You learn best just by reading and taking notes 6.) If you have to sit in a lecture and just take notes for too long you get bored 7.) You love to get up and move into groups during class 8.) You don’t like to move around much and prefer to sit in the same spot
Cognitive Styles: Entwistle, 1981 Conceptual Tempo refers to the speed of decision making Impulsivity-work and make decisions quickly Reflectivity—take longer to consider all alternatives
Learning Styles: Kolb, 1984 1.) Convergers/Pragmatists—reach closure quickly, find concrete solutions 2.) Divergers/Reflectors—awareness of meaning and values and enjoy brainstorming and alternative solutions 3.) Assimilators/Theorists—take in lots of information and build theoretical models based on the info 4.) Accommodators/Activists—action-oriented, take risks, and teach themselves through trial and error
Generative Learning & Discovery Learning Generative Learning is a theory that emphasizes the active integration of new material with existing schemas-let students make their own questions, summaries, and analogies Discovery learning include methods in which students are encouraged to discover the principles for themselves
Linking Objectives, Multiple Learning Styles, and Assessments BLOOM’S TAXONOMY— 1956 Assignments and Projects that involve multiple learning styles…. Evaluation Synthesis- create Analysis (parts and whole) Application-Solve Comprehension-interpret Knowledge--Recall
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